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Central America/Mexico Migrant News Brief for January 29, 2016

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A compilation of this week’s top articles and reports related to issues of migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish).
See: Root Causes; Mexican Enforcement; U.S. Enforcement; New Reports and Resources

Root Causes

•   Central American Governments Losing Capacity to Protect Citizens [AUDIO]
Gisel Ducatenzeiler and Brian Hansford, UN Radio, January 19, 2016
“Central American governments are losing the ability to protect their own people from the effects of violence, ‘in particular women and children.’”

•    Ex-Head of El Salvador Forensics: ‘Police Committing Extrajudicial Killings
Carlos Martinez and Roberto Valencia, InSight Crime, January 25, 2016
Dr. José Miguel Fortín Magaña “acknowledges that some of the statistics used to justify ending the government’s gang truce were not, necessarily, ‘scientific.’ His last few months as the head of the IML also led him to another intuition: there is a pattern in the assassination of gang members, which makes him think the police and armed forces are committing extrajudicial killings.”

•    U.N., El Salvador Launch U.S.-backed Anti-corruption Program
Nelson Renteria, Reuters, January 25, 2016
“The three-year program, with an unknown price tag, will support the government of leftist President Salvador Sanchez Ceren but lacks the broad investigative powers of the U.N.-backed International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG).”

•    Por amenazas a muerte se va de Honduras Leandro Osorio, comisionado de la Policía
La Prensa, 28 de enero de 2016
“El comisionado de la Policía, Leandro Osorio, anunció en la mañana de este jueves que se va del país por amenazas a muerte luego que le notificaran que sería rotado del puesto.”

•    Crearán fiscalía especializada para investigar femicidios
Virginia Contreras, Diario La Hora, 20 de enero de 2016
Guatemala- “La fiscal General,  Thelma Aldana anunció que se encuentra realizando un proyecto que contempla la creación de la Fiscalía de Delitos Especializada en Femicidios,  la cual podría ser inaugurada el próximo 8 de marzo.”

•   Mexico’s Drug War Has Decreased Life Expectancy for Men
Lucy Westcott, Newsweek, January 6, 2016
“Despite six decades of increase in life expectancy for Mexicans, thanks to the introduction of health care reform and improvements in quality of life, between 2005 and 2010 life expectancy for Mexican men between the ages of 15 and 50 across the country fell an average of .3 years.”

•    El Salvador’s Advice on Zika Virus: Don’t Have Babies
Azam Ahmed, NY Times, January 25, 2016
“Grappling with a mosquito-borne virus linked to brain damage in infants, El Salvador is . . . advising all women in the country not to get pregnant until 2018.”

•    Newspaper Correspondent and Radio Host Killed within 24 Hours in Oaxaca, Mexico
Teresa Mioli, Journalism in the Americas blog, January 25, 2016
“Marcos Hernández Bautista, a 38-year-old correspondent for the news organization Noticias Voz e Imagen of Oaxaca, was shot in the head while getting into his car late on the night of Jan.21. The murder happened in San Andrés Huaxpaltepec in the Costa Region of Oaxaca state.”

•   Immigrants Fleeing Increasingly Violent Latin America, Study Suggests
Kenneth Rapoza, Forbes, January 28, 2016
“The study cited cities in the Americas and southern Africa.  No Asian or European cities were on the list. Of the top 50, Mexico accounted for the most dangerous of the lot with five murder capitals in all. Acapulco was ranked No. 4 with 903 homicides in 2015.”

•    Autoridades, incapaces de responder a casos de desaparición forzada: CNDH, en su informe 2015
Animal Politico, 27 de enero de 2016
“El titular de la CNDH dijo que el caso de los cinco jóvenes desaparecidos en Tierra Blanca, Veracruz, a manos de policías estatales demuestra que las autoridades no han aprendido a combatir ese delito.”

Mexican Enforcement

•    Immigration at Center of Pope’s Visit to Mexico-US Border
The Associated Press, New York Times, January 27, 2015
“‘Migration is a complicated situation and he’s not going to ignore the demands of national sovereignty … (but) he’s calling for a more open and generous approach,’ said Tom Quigley, former Latin America policy adviser for the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops.”

•    Harán encuentro fronterizo en reflexión a visita del papa
Ana Maria Ibarra, Presencia, 23 de enero de 2016
“Con motivo de la próxima visita del Papa Francisco y como parte de su misión, el Instituto Fronterizo Esperanza realizará dos encuentros en Juárez y El Paso con el objetivo de analizar tres temas: La dignidad del trabajo y el trabajador, la dignidad del migrante y la violencia.”

•    Self-defense Groups, Lynchings Reflect Mexico’s Low Rule of Law Index™ Ranking
Kheinle, Justice in Mexico, January 24, 2016
“Mexicans have long been frustrated with the government’s perceived inability and ineffectiveness in upholding rule of law, oftentimes resulting in civilians taking the law into their own hands and sometimes through violent vigilantism. This has manifested itself in recent years with the emergence of self-defense groups (grupos de autodefensa).”

U.S. Enforcement

•   ICE arresta a adolescente hondureño cuando se dirigía a la escuela en Durham
Eloy Tupayachi, Qué Pasa, 28 de enero de 2016
“Un estudiante hondureño de 19 años fue detenido por ICE la mañana del jueves en la puerta de su casa cuando se dirigía a la escuela secundaria Riverside High School en Durham, donde estudiaba.”

•    Inmigración está arrestando a jóvenes centroamericanos en las calles de Charlotte
Rafael Prieto Zartha, Qué Pasa, 28 de enero de 2016
“La organización local UNISAL confirmó que el Servicio de Inmigración y Aduanas (ICE) está arrestando a jóvenes centroamericanos en las calles de Charlotte, fuera de sus viviendas, mediante los testimonios de tres familias salvadoreñas, cuyos hijos fueron capturados el martes y miércoles de la semana en curso.”

•    Overwhelmed Federal Officials Released Immigrant Teens to Traffickers in 2014
Abbie VanSickle, Washington Post, January 26, 2016
“Instead of sending him to his uncle, Carlos Enrique Pascual, a landscape worker in Florida, authorities said the shelter released the teenager to traffickers who took him to central Ohio, held him captive in a roach-infested trailer and threatened to kill him if he tried to leave.”

•    Senate Probe Faults Government for Migrant Child Abuse
Mary Clare Jalonick and Garance Burke, AP The Big Story, January 28, 2016
“Migrant children in the government’s care were placed in U.S. homes and left vulnerable to human trafficking due to sometimes non-existent screening by the Department of Health and Human Services, according to a congressional report released Thursday.”

•    Hundred of Groups Press for Temporary Protection for Central Americans
Suzanne Gamboa, NBC News, January 25, 2016
“At least 270 advocacy and other groups are turning up pressure on the administration to grant temporary protected status for Central American migrants who arrived at the U.S. border in the summer of 2014.”

•    Casi 300 organizaciones envían carta a Obama pidiendo TPS para centroamericano
María Peña, La Opinión, 25 de enero de 2016
“Más de 270 organizaciones pro-inmigrantes se sumaron hoy al creciente llamado nacional a favor de un ‘Estatus de Protección Temporal’ (TPS) para centroamericanos que huyen de la violencia, en contraste con el silencio que mantiene la Administración Obama sobre el asunto.”

•    Obama’s Immigration Order Should Stand
The Boston Globe, January 24, 2016
“Presidents of both parties have protected certain classes of immigrants from deportation over the years. Obama’s action differs only in size, not in substance, from past orders; it would cover about 4 million immigrants.”

•    The Paradox at the Heart of Obama’s Central American Refugee Policy
Dara Lind, Vox, January 25, 2016
“To advocates, immigration judges, and Central American diplomats, it’s a dangerous paradox. There appear to be serious concerns that the same people the US wants to save from danger in Central America are the ones it’s deporting.”

New Reports and Resources

•    Report: The Real Impact of Immigration Raids
Zenén Jaimes Péres, United We Dream, January 2016
“Raids have never been the answer. In order to address the situation, the administration must handle the issue as it is: a humanitarian and refugee crisis. UWD urges the administration to end the use of raids, guarantee access to legal representation, provide broad relief to all individuals facing violence and humanitarian crises in their home countries , and ensure oversight and accountability for DHS.”

•    Families in Fear: The Atlanta Immigration Raids
Southern Poverty Law Center, January, 2016
“Before daybreak on Jan. 2, 2016, agents from Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) began sweeping into homes in the Atlanta area as part of a multistate operation that ended with the detention of 121 immigrants, apparently all women and children.”

•    FAQ: Protecting Unaccompanied Children from Trafficking or Other Harm
Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service, January 26, 2016

•    SCOTUS 101
America’s Voice, January 2016
“‘SCOTUS 101’ Will Provide Key Resources on the Lawsuit & Answer the Immigrant Community’s Burning Questions about What’s at Stake for Them and their Families.”

•    Understanding the Legal Challenges to Executive Action
American Immigration Council, January 21, 2016
“On January 19, 2016, the Supreme Court announced it will review the Fifth Circuit’s decision. This prompt action by the Supreme Court means the Justices will hear the case this spring—likely with oral arguments being held in April—and issue a decision before the term ends in June 2016.”

•    DAPA Matters
Center for American Progress, November, 2015
“The expansion of Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals, or DACA, and the creation of Deferred Action for Parents of Americans and Lawful Permanent Residents, or DAPA —together with the original DACA program that was announced in June 2012—would allow approximately 5 million unauthorized parents and DREAMers to gain temporary protection from deportation and the opportunity to apply for a work permit.”

•    Informe sobre desplazamiento forzado 2015
Fundación de Estudios para la Aplicación del Derecho, 21 de enero de 2016
“Informe: Escenarios actuales 24 años después de la firma de los Acuerdos de Paz en El Salvador: el drama humano del desplazamiento y migración forzada por violencia generalizada y crimen organizado.”

•    Stand with Pope Francis: Take Action
Ignatian Solidarity Network
Ahead of the Pope’s visit to Mexico in February, sign a letter to the U.S. Congress calling for more humane migration policies.

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*The Central America/Mexico Migrant News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.