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Central America/Mexico Migrant News Brief for March 11, 2016

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A compilation of this week’s top articles and reports related to issues of migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish).

See sections: Migration and International Women’s Day; Root Causes; Mexican Enforcement; U.S. Enforcement; New Reports & Resources.

Migration and International Women’s Day
  
•  Mujeres marcadas por el Plan Frontera Sur
English translation
Marcela Turati, En el camino, marzo de 2016
“Los efectos del programa que trasladó la frontera estadounidense al sur de México, al río Suchiate que divide a Chiapas con Guatemala, quedan marcados todos los días en los cuerpos de las mujeres migrantes.”

•  Immigration Rights Website Geared Toward Undocumented Women Launches
Stephany Bae, NBC News, March 8, 2016
“Step Forward, which launched Tuesday on International Women’s Day, aims to provide the approximately 5.2 million undocumented women and their families with the resources to understand their rights.”

•  Mujeres y Niñas Migrantes
Colectivo de Apoyo para Personas Migrantes A.C.
Ver varias infografías sobre mujeres y niñas migrantes.

•  Editorial: The Struggle of Immigrant Women
La Opinión, March 7, 2016
“There is still a long way to go to achieve equal opportunities, treatment and compensation for immigrant women.”

•  Violence Against Women in the Americas – Remarks by Under Secretary Sewall on International Women’s Day
Sarah Sewall, Organization of American States, March 8, 2016
“A staggering 53 percent of all women in Latin America have suffered some form of domestic violence…. Many Latin American countries rank among the worst in the world for the number of women killed each year.”

•  Honoring Women Who Defend Rights in the Americas: International Women’s Day 2016
Angelika Albaladejo, Latin America Working Group, March 8, 2016
“We hope you’ll join us in recognizing the courageous work of female human rights defenders and civil society activists throughout Latin America who risk their lives in the fight for justice and the protection of rights, not only today, but year-round.”

Root Causes

•  Over 200 Organizations Call on Secretary Kerry to Support Independent Investigation into Murder of Honduran Environmental and Indigenous Rights Activist Berta Cáceres
Latin America Working Group, March 10, 2016
“Over 200 human rights, faith, indigenous rights, environmental, labor, and nongovernmental groups sent an open letter to Secretary of State Kerry expressing “shock and deep sorrow regarding the murder of Honduran human rights and environmental defender Berta Cáceres.’”

•  Who Killed Berta Cáceres and What Should the US Do?
Robin Broad, contributor, John Cavanagh and Joe Eldridge, The Hill, March 10, 2016
“On March 2, in the dark of the night, armed assailants broke into the Honduran home of Berta Cáceres and shot her four times, killing her. The assailants also wounded a Mexican colleague, Gustavo Castro, who survived only by playing dead.”

•  Un hogar para niños que huyen de la guerra de pandillas
Ximena Natera, Periodistas a Pie,En el camino, 11 de marzo de 2016
“Son miles, y cada año aumenta el número. Niños y adolescentes que huyen de sus países para escapar del reclutamiento forzado y las amenazas de muerte de las pandillas.”

•  Huyendo de las pandillas salvadoreñas (Video)
Noticiero Univision, marzo de 2016
“La historia de una familia salvadoreña refleja el drama de convivir con el miedo por las amenazas de las pandillas. El padre es un militar y tiene que refugiarse en un cuartel mientras su esposa e hijos esconden de los pandilleros que quieren cobrarse la negativa del soldado a suministrarles granadas.”

•  El Salvador Considers ‘State of Exception’ Amid Rising Violence
Sam Tabory, InSight Crime, March 9, 2016
“Authorities in El Salvador are considering implementing a state of exception that would suspend certain constitutional rights as the country’s security crisis continues to worsen, raising questions about the legality and ultimate efficacy of such a move….If implemented, the state of exception would provide authorities with broad powers to suppress public meetings, restrict freedom of movement, and monitor mail, e-mail, telephone, and social media communications.”

•  Former Legislative Leader Detained in Guatemala in Bribe Case
Sonia Perez D., AP, March 9, 2016
“A former leader of Guatemala’s Congress was arrested Wednesday on charges of trying to bribe a judge to issue a ruling favoring the vice president at the time, who is also accused of corruption.”

•  Men in Police Garb Kill 10 in Honduras
Reuters, The New York Times, March 6, 2016
“At least 10 people were shot dead by men dressed in police uniforms in an attack in the Honduran capital of Tegucigalpa on Saturday, security and hospital forces said.”

•  Cartel Gunmen Are Targeting Police and Politicians in Mexico’s Jalisco State
Duncan Tucker, Vice News, March 4, 2016
“Mexican security experts have warned that local authorities are at risk of losing control of certain parts of the western state of Jalisco amid mounting attacks on security forces.”

•  90% of Cocaine in U.S. Comes through Central America and Mexico, Report Finds
Fox News Latino, March 8, 2016
“The 2016 International Narcotics Control Strategy Report (INCSR) found that around 90 percent of cocaine coming to the U.S. during the first half of 2015 made its way through the Mexico and Central America corridor. That number is up from 86 percent in 2014 and 80 percent in 2010.”

•  Aumenta la crueldad en ataques contra personas LGBTI en América, advierte la CIDH
Nayeli Roldán, Animal Politico, 11 de marzo de 2016
“De acuerdo con el informe Violencia contra personas LGBTI en América, realizado por al Comisión Interamericana de Derechos Humanos (CIDH), persisten prácticas de discriminación entre la sociedad y en los sistemas de gobierno. En 15 meses, 770 personas de la comunidad LGBTI fueron agredidas en toda América.”

•  Pregnant Women Are the Latest Victims of Mexico’s Femicide Crisis
Andalusia Knoll, Vice News, March 8, 2016
“The situation in both the State of Mexico and Puebla fit within the context of a doubling in the number of women murdered across Mexico over the past decade with an average of seven killed every day between 2011 and 2013, according to official figures.”

Mexican Enforcement

•  ACNUDH: sin protección, población migrante en tránsito irregular por México
Instituto para las Mujeres en la Migración, 10 de marzo de 2016
“Detenciones arbitrarias y en condiciones inhumanas; expulsiones colectivas y/o sumarias; políticas migratorias restrictivas y enfocadas en la seguridad nacional; falta de acceso a servicios de salud, vivienda y trabajo digo; extorsiones, con la participación de actores públicos y privados en total impunidad; falta de debido proceso y acceso a la justicia; y tráfico y trata de personas, son algunas de las vejaciones que enfrenta la población migrante en tránsito irregular en México, señala el Informe.”

•  Prevalecen abusos contra migrantes advierte, la ONU
Eugenia Jiménez, Milenio, 11 de marzo de 2016
“En su paso por México hacia EU sufren detenciones arbitrarias, expulsiones colectivas, así como la falta de accesos a servicios de salud y trabajo digno.”

•  Albergue al sur de México aloja a centroamericanos que fueron asaltados en el camino
Noticiero Univision, 7 de marzo de 2016
“La mayoría de migrantes que llegan a este albergue han sido víctimas de algún delito….El Plan Frontera Sur…les ha hecho el viaje más peligroso….”

•  Migración triplica su gasto, pero deja a migrantes detenidos en condiciones precarias
Manuel Ureste, Animal Politico, 11 de marzo de 2016
“Según datos de la Secretaría de Hacienda, el Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM) gastó el año pasado un cifra récord de 12 mil 700 millones. El Colectivo Migraciones Para las Américas (COMPA) exige que el INM informe en qué gastó ese dinero, ya que las estaciones migratorias ‘siguen sin garantizar los derechos humanos de las personas migrantes’.”

•  Lo que realmente gasta el Instituto Nacional de Migración
Jose Knippen, Sin Embargo, 7 de marzo de 2016
“El INM gasta mucho más en el control y la gestión de los flujos migratorios, incluyendo la detención de migrantes, que en la protección de derechos humanos.”

U.S. Enforcement

•  U.S. Continues to Deport Central American Migrants
Julia Preston, The New York Times, March 9, 2016

“Since late January, the immigration authorities have arrested 336 migrants from Central America for deportation, part of a continuing operation to toughen border enforcement, Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson said Wednesday.”

•  Central American Immigrants, Wary of Recent Raids Sweeping Up Young People, Adjust to a Life of Fear
Joseph Tanfani, Los Angeles Times, March 11, 2016

“‘Now we live in fear of opening the door, or stepping one foot outside the door,’ she said. For many, scenes of agents arresting mothers and grabbing young adults on their way to school marked a grim return to a tougher era of immigration enforcement.”

•  Migrant Children Deserve a Voice in Court
The New York Times, March 8, 2016
“Yet the administration argues that it has no constitutional obligation to provide counsel for children in immigration court….The result would be farcical were it not also tragic, because these children face grave danger, if not violent death, in being returned to their home countries.”

•  A Brave Woman Asked Clinton and Sanders for Help on National TV
Lynn Tramonte, America’s Voice, Medium, March 10, 2016
“Mrs. Quiej, a member of We Count! in Florida, described the ‘gran dolor’ she and her five children have been experiencing since their father, Andres Jimenez, was deported in 2011. Mr. Jimenez was, in her words, a ‘hard-working man — in the fields and construction.’ He was on his way to church one Sunday with his daughter, Elena, when a nominally ‘routine’ traffic stop turned his family’s routine life upside-down.”

•  Is the U.S. “Failing” Migrant Children Fleeing Violence?
By Sarah Childress, PBS Frontline, March 7, 2016

“A string of agencies are charged with ensuring children are properly screened for refugee or asylum claims, and ultimately transferred to safe homes until their cases can be heard in court…. children who slip through the cracks risk falling prey to human traffickers or other abuse in the U.S., or being deported home—sometimes to their deaths.”

•  Body Cameras on Border Patrol Agents Could Save Lives
By Pedro Rios, The Hill, March 10, 2016

In 2010, Anastasio Hernandez Rojas, a husband and father of five, was handcuffed, tortured and brutally beaten to death by 12 Border Patrol agents at the San Ysidro border crossing in California. The horrifying incident witnessed by dozens of people exposed a systemic problem with the nation’s largest law enforcement agency: that Border Patrol agents operate with impunity, without meaningful accountability, and in complete opaqueness.

•  CBP Board to Review Controversial Border Death
Tatiana Sanchez,San Diego Union-Tribune, March 9, 2016

“The board is set to review the 2010 death of Anastasio Hernandez Rojas, who died after a confrontation with border agents at the San Ysidro Port of Entry.”

•  Central American Immigrants Fleeing Due to Violence, Poverty, and Now Fears of Trump’s Proposals
Molly Hennessy-Fiske, Los Angeles Times, March 10, 2016
“As they have for the last two years, the migrant youths and families arriving at the small Roman Catholic church in the Rio Grande Valley told stories of fleeing the growing violence and staggering poverty of Central America. But some said they are also being driven north to the border town by a new fear—the U.S. presidential election.”

•  Obama Immigration News: Supreme Court To Hear Oral Arguments In DAPA/DACA Challenge That Affects 5 Million Immigrants
Cedar Attanasio, The Latin Times, March 4, 2016
“The court announced on on Friday that it will hear oral arguments in the case U.S. v Texas on Monday, April 18th.”

•  Mark Zuckerberg Asks Supreme Court to Support Obama’s Executive Action on Immigration
Jorge Rivas, Fusion, March 8, 2016
“‘Instead of inviting the economic contributions of immigrants, our immigration enforcement policies have often inhibited the productivity of U.S. companies and made it harder for them to compete in the global marketplace,’ read the brief, signed by Zuckerberg and more than 60 entrepreneurs and business leaders. ‘By contrast, the continuing threat of removal and other uncertainties facing undocumented individuals weaken our economy.’”

•  These Intimate Photos Perfectly Capture an Undocumented 21-year-old’s Dreams and Struggles
Daniel Hurtado, Fusion, March 9, 2016
“‘I have known no other land as my home,’ he says. ‘I feel American in every sense of the word.’ Now 21, Daniel is one of the nearly 750,000 beneficiaries of DACA, or Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals. Created by President Obama in 2012, the program temporarily defers deportations for eligible undocumented youth and gives them access to renewable two-year work permits and Social Security numbers.”

•  Immigration Saga Leaves Teen Trapped in Mexico
Jay Root and Julián Aguilar, The Texas Tribune, March 10, 2016
“Marcos Valencia is a stranger in the country of his birth. The stocky 19-year-old struggles with Spanish, doesn’t know a thing about Mexican history and can’t find a job. He spends his days dreaming of going home to Indiana, where he grew up from age three. But in the eyes of the law, his home is the cartel-infested state of Tamaulipas, Mexico, where he was born.”

•  Immigrant Crime Victims Seeking Special Visas Find a Tough Path
Liz Robbins, The New York Times, March 8, 2016
“Undocumented immigrants who are victims of crime and cooperate with law enforcement would have more avenues to apply for special visas that let them stay in the country and work legally. But the fanfare masked just how difficult it is to get one of the visas.”

•  Colibri Center Uses Forensic Science to Identify Remains of Migrants
Randi Lynn Beach, Phoenix New Times, March 10, 2016
“The Colibri Center, operating from a small office in the Pima County Medical Examiner’s Forensic Science Center, collects and organizes both the remains and belongings of the countless migrants who expire trying to cross the unforgiving Sonoran Desert along the U.S.-Mexico border south of Tucson.”

New Reports and Resources

•  Obama’s Terrorizing of Immigrant Communities On The Rise
Adam Luna,United We Dream, March 11, 2016
“Additionally, the data also reveal a disturbing increase in the number of deportations and the specific targeting of unaccompanied minors who have lacked any meaningful due process to argue their case. In the coming days, immigrant youth will take action against Obama immigration policies in cities across the country.”

•  Statement By Secretary Jeh C. Johnson On Southwest Border Security
DHS, March 9, 2016
“Recent enforcement actions, which focus on those apprehended at the border on or after January 1, 2014, continue. On January 4, I announced enforcement actions that took place on January 2-3. Further, at my direction, beginning January 23 ICE has been conducting ‘Operation Border Guardian,’ by which ICE has taken into custody 336 individuals.”

•  FightforFamilies.org
“In April of 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States will hear oral arguments to determine whether they will unfreeze the DAPA and Expanded DACA programs that would provide relief for millions of immigrant families & their communities.”
See site for variety of resources on the executive immigration action case.

•  Know Your Rights: What to Do if Questioned About Your Immigration Status, ACLU, March 2016
English
Español

•  Women Step Forward
National Domestic Workers Alliance, We Belong Together, Immigration Advocates Network
“Understand your immigration options, your rights, and how to prepare for the future.”

•  Community Resilience: Evolving Perspectives and Approaches to Migration
Event: American Red Cross, Wednesday, March 16, 2016 (9:00am 4:00pm)
“Join the American Red Cross for our migration conference….Panel discussion topics include migrant (re)integration, migrant mental health, protections for LGBT migrants, and migration policy challenges and opportunities.”
   
•  What Works in Reducing Community Violence: A Meta-Review and Field Study for the Northern Triangle
Democracy International, USAID, February 2016
“Despite the overwhelming urgency of the issue, the phenomenon of violence remains poorly understood in the Northern Triangle. The problem is not simply a lack of knowledge – although major gaps remain – it is that current knowledge, particularly evidence derived from rigorous research and evaluations– is not accessible to policymakers in the region in a readily usable and understandable format.”

•  Inconsistencias en el desempeño y gasto del Instituto Nacional de Migración
Insyde, marzo de 2016
 “A pesar del gasto más elevado en la historia del INM en 2014 y 2015, la detención en Estaciones Migratorias y el retorno de las personas siguen sin garantizar los derechos humanos de las personas migrantes.”Ver comunicado de organizaciones.

•  IOM, USAID Deliver Refurbished Migrant Centres in Central America
IOM, February 23, 2016
“Thousands of migrants returning to the Northern Triangle of Central America from the United States will now experience better reception conditions following IOM’s renovation of nine migrant care centres, three of which were delivered to the governments of El Salvador and Honduras this month.”

•  Potential Beneficiaries of the Obama Administration’s Executive Action Programs Deeply Embedded in US Society
Donald Kerwin, Robert Warren,Center for Migration Studies of New York, March 2016
“This paper offers a statistical portrait of the intended direct beneficiaries of DAPA, DACA, and DACA-plus. It finds that potential DAPA, DACA, and DACA-plus recipients are deeply embedded in US society, with high employment rates, extensive US family ties, long tenure, and substantial rates of English-language proficiency.”

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*The Central America/Mexico Migrant News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.