en English

Central America/Mexico Migrant News Brief for March 4, 2016

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

A compilation of this week’s top articles and reports related to issues of migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish).

See: Root Causes; Mexican Enforcement; U.S. Enforcement; New Reports & Resources.

Root Causes

•  Berta Cáceres, Honduran Environment And Human Rights Activist, Murdered
Jonathan Watts, The Guardian, March 3, 2016
“Berta Cáceres, the Honduran indigenous and environmental rights campaigner, has been murdered, barely a week after she was threatened for opposing a hydroelectric project. Her death prompted international outrage at the murderous treatment of campaigners in Honduras, as well as a flood of tributes to a prominent and courageous defender of the natural world.”

•  Asesinan a 11 trabajadores en Opico
Ezequiel Barrera y Suchit Chávez, La Prensa Gráfica, 4 de marzo de 2016
“Once trabajadores fueron asesinados ayer en una zona rural del municipio de San Juan Opico, en La Libertad. Ocho de las víctimas eran empleados de una empresa distribuidora de energía y los otros tres eran agricultores de la zona, informaron la Policía Nacional Civil (PNC) y la Fiscalía General de la República (FGR). Ambas instituciones dijeron que esta matanza fue cometida por miembros de la pandilla del sector”.

•  It’s Official: San Salvador Is The Murder Capital Of The World
Robert Muggah, Los Angeles Times, March 2, 2016
“It’s official. El Salvador is the world’s most violent country and its capital, San Salvador, is the world’s most homicidal city. Salvadoran cities have seen more blood spilled than most conflict zones. They are also hemorrhaging people, many of whom are fleeing to Mexico and the United States.”

•  What’s in the Administration’s 2017 Central America Aid Request?
Adriana Beltran, WOLA, March 2, 2016
“Overall, the request sends a strong signal of the United States’ long-term commitment to helping Central America address the underlying factors fueling insecurity, impeding development, and causing many children, families, and individuals in El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras to leave home. Its success or failure, however, will be determined by the strategy behind the assistance, and the commitment and willingness of the governments of Central American to hold up their end of the bargain.”

•  Crime, Violence Driving Migration from Central America: Reports
Mike LaSusa, InSight Crime, March 2, 2016
“Several new reports highlight crime and violence as key factors driving large numbers of Central American citizens to migrate to the United States, suggesting current US efforts aimed at deterring migration may be misplaced.”

•  Central America Suffers Violence, Insecurity as Drug War Fails
TeleSur, March 2, 2016
“Rampant drug trafficking and related crimes in Central America and the Caribbean show no signs of slowing down and continue to pose security and stability risks for the region, according to a new report released on Wednesday. The International Narcotics Control Board 2015 annual report, which analyses the global drug trafficking situation, found that the drug situation in Central America and the Caribbean has sparked an increasing threat to security and the rule of law.”

•  La cifra de salvadoreños asesinados se dispara un 118 % respecto al inicio de 2015
Roberto Valencia, El Faro, 1 de marzo de 2016
“Si 2015 cerró con un promedio de 18.2 personas asesinadas cada día que convirtió El Salvador en el país más violento del mundo, superado solo por Siria, en enero de 2016 se promediaron 23.8 asesinatos al día (738 homicidios en 31 días); y en febrero, 22.8 (661 homicidios en 29 días), siempre según los datos preliminares facilitados por la Policía Nacional Civil (PNC)”.

•  Central Americans in Search of the American Dream
David Rosenberg, Slate, February 28, 2016
“Long before Donald Trump began talking about building a wall between the U.S.–Mexico border, Michelle Frankfurter read Sonia Nazario’s book, Enrique’s Journey, a nonfiction account of a boy’s passage from Mexico to the United States in search of his mother. A self-described lover of adventure novels that began with Jack London and continued with Cormac McCarthy, the book resonated with Frankfurter, who had been living, working, and traveling through Central America for 20 years.”

•  Mexico’s Most Violent State is Feeding America’s Heroin Problem
Christopher Woody, Business Insider, February 27, 2016
“The links between bloodshed in Mexico and US drug consumption are extensive. For Mexico’s most violent state, Guerrero, surging heroin use in the US has fed a cycle of violence that has killed and harmed thousands.”

•  Inquieta impunidad en México… ¡a EU!
Silvia Garduño, Reforma, 26 de febrero de 2016
“Al Gobierno de los Estados Unidos le preocupa la impunidad que prevalece en México, manifestó el Vicepresidente estadounidense, Joe Biden, en entrevista con REFORMA”.

Mexican Enforcement

•  OAS Rights Commission Finds “Serious Crisis” in Mexico
Associated Press, The Washington Post, March 2, 2016
“The human rights situation Mexico is ‘tragic’ and the problems don’t just involve drug violence but also torture, impunity, excessive force and police collusion with criminals, an Organization of American States panel said Wednesday.”

•  El drama de los desaparecidos toca ahora a más y más niños
Juan Luis Garcia Hernández, Sin Embargo, 4 de marzo de 2016
“En México hay más de 27 mil desaparecidos, de acuerdo con cifras oficiales, y la presencia continua del crimen organizado en el país es uno de los factores que permitieron que estos crímenes se agravaran, aseguran expertos. Los niños son uno de los sectores más afectados e ignorados por la llamada guerra contra las drogas”.

•  Historia de migrante salvado por Hermanos en el Camino: “Yo estuve en manos de los Zetas”
Ollin Velazco, VICE Media, Sin Embargo, 27 de febrero de 2016
“José (no es su nombre real) es un migrante hondureño que estuvo a punto de morir en manos del cártel de los Zetas si no hubiera sido por un número telefónico, garabateado en un pedazo de papel, guardado casi por accidente”.

•  PGR debe abrir el expediente del caso San Fernando a familiares de migrantes asesinados: Corte
Animal Político, 2 de marzo de 2016
El fallo de los ministros de la Primera Sala de la Corte reconoce como víctimas a los familiares de los migrantes asesinados, les da derecho a tener copias del expediente de la PGR y acceso a mecanismos de reparación del daño.

•  Reconoce la Corte como víctimas a dos parientes de muertos en San Fernando
Jesus Aranda, La Jornada, 3 de marzo de 2016
“La primera sala de la Suprema Corte de Justicia de la Nación reconoció como víctimas a la madre y una hermana de dos salvadoreños cuyos cadáveres fueron encontrados en 2011 en el municipio de San Fernando, Tamaulipas, y determinó que la Procuraduría General de la República (PGR) debe darles acceso a los expedientes, peritajes y averiguaciones previas, además de entregarles las copias certificadas o simples que requieran”.

U.S. Enforcement

•  Can a 3-year Old Represent Herself in Immigration Court? This Judge Thinks So.
Jerry Markon, The Washington Post, March 4, 2016
“A senior Justice Department official is arguing that 3- and 4-year-olds can learn immigration law well enough to represent themselves in court, staking out an unconventional position in a growing debate over whether immigrant children facing deportation are entitled to taxpayer-funded attorneys.”

•  Youths Found at the Border Fleeing Violence Are Now Being Returned to the Flames
Ryan Pitkin, Creative Loafing Charlotte, March 2, 2016
“ICE representatives say they are simply enforcing the decisions of the immigration courts run by the Department of Justice…and that each person detained has already had their day in court. But advocates and city leaders say the courts don’t provide the proper due process for these young men.”

•  10 Shots Across the Border [English]
10 disparos a través la frontera [Español]
Mark Binelli, The New York Times, March 3, 2016
“The killing of a Mexican 16-year-old raises troubling questions about the United States Border Patrol.”

•  Immigrant Families on the Border Struggle with ‘Criminal’ Tag
Anna Casey, Reporting Texas, March 3, 2016
“Human Rights Watch found that one in five people charged with illegal entry and re-entry had children who were U.S. citizens. A quarter of those who were classified as ‘criminal aliens’ by immigration enforcement had illegal entry or re-entry as their most serious offense.”

•  ICE Raids Target Undocumented Immigrants for Mostly Minor Offenses
Rob Bryan, Truthout, March 2, 2016
“In the 2012 book Beyond Walls and Cages: Prisons, Borders, and Global Crisis, Ruth Wilson Gilmore, a professor at the City University of New York Graduate Center, describes how criminalization functions as a method of immigration control: ‘The way the system works it to move the line of what counts as criminal to encompass and engulf more and more people into the territory of prison eligibility, if you will.'”

•  IACHR Agrees to Hold Hearing on Central Americans Held in Detention
Human Rights First, March 3, 2016
“Human Rights First today praised the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) for its decision to hold a hearing to address the ongoing human rights violations of children and families fleeing persecution and violence in Central America who are detained in the United States.”

•  U.S. Issues 10,000 Deportation Orders for Young Central Americans
EFE, La Prensa, 29 de febrero de 2016
“The 55 immigration courts in the United States have handed down 10,142 deportation orders for Central American youngsters who came to this country unaccompanied by an adult since 2014.”

•  Blood on Our Hands: Stop the Raids
Rev. John Dorhauer, The Hill, February 29, 2016
“Why are these raids happening? The reason is political. In a toxic and anti-immigrant environment, the administration is trying to deter migrants by spreading terror and fear. However, when someone’s life is threatened, their urgent need to flee cannot be stopped, even by draconian fear tactics.”

•  Watchdog Reports Show Inadequate Medical Care as Problem in U.S. ICE Detention Facilities
Lawyer Herald, February 29, 2016
“A study led by three watchdog groups shows that inadequate medical care is the number one leading cause of in-custody deaths in the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention facilities.”

•  Soy Nero, un filme sobre soldados migrantes que buscan identidad
Martin Reischke, El Daily Post, 27 de febrero de 2016
“La nueva película de Rafi Pitts, que se estrenó la semana pasada en el festival de cine Berlinale, no es una cinta típica de la migración mexicana hacia Estados Unidos. En ella se cuenta la historia de los ‘Green Card Soldiers’ y está inspirada en el destino de los veteranos que, después de haber servido en el ejército de Estados Unidos, son deportados de ese país.”

•  Immigration Reform Leaders Urge Presidential Candidates to Show Compassion, Craft Solution-Based Message
Michael Oleaga, Latin Post, February 29, 2016
“Twenty-four faith leaders from Texas and Georgia, two of the states hosting primaries on March 1, wrote a letter to all candidates, calling on them to create a ‘new, solutions-based message’ on immigration that includes border security, the well-being of immigrant communities and the economy.”

New Reports and Resources

•  Pies descalzos: Un canto de esperanza
La 72, febrero de 2016
“El presente boletín, es una franciscana gota contra-corriente dentro del gran caudal del complejo fenómeno migratorio”.

•  IACHR Publishes Report on the Human Rights Situation in Mexico [English]
CIDH publica informe sobre la situación de derechos humanos en México [Español]
IACHR, March 2, 2016
“The report analyses the severe human rights crisis that Mexico faces, with particular emphasis on disappearances (particularly forced disappearances), extrajudicial executions, torture, as well as citizen insecurity, access to justice and impunity.
Read the full report in English.
Lee el reporte completo en español.

•  Southwest Border Security: Additional Actions Needed to Assess Resource Deployment and Progress
Rebecca Gambler, U.S. Government Accountability Office, March 1, 2016
“This statement discusses (1) DHS efforts to deploy resources on the southwest border and measure the effectiveness of these resources in securing the border, and (2) DHS efforts to develop performance goals and measures for achieving situational awareness and border security.”

•  DACA at Year Three: Challenges and Opportunities in Accessing Higher Education and Employment
Robert G. Gonzales, et al., American Immigration Council, February 2016
For these young people, the opportunities DACA has afforded them have resulted in a renewed hope, more concrete goals, and better performance at school and at work.

•  Criminalización de defensores de derechos humanos en el contexto de proyectos industriales: un fenómeno regional en américa latina
Movimiento Mundial de los Derechos Humanos, febrero de 2016
“Por tanto, el presente informe se organiza en cuatro capítulos. El primero presentará un resumen de casos específicos de defensores y defensoras indebidamente criminalizados en los citados países. A partir de los referidos casos, el segundo capítulo pondrá en evidencia los actores involucrados en el proceso de criminalización y, el tercero, las violaciones de derechos humanos generadas por el uso indebido del derecho penal para sustentar dicha criminalización. Finalmente, el cuarto capítulo presentará algunas recomendaciones a modo de conclusiones.”

•  United States v. Texas
Fight for Families, February 2016
“In April of 2016, the Supreme Court of the United States will hear oral arguments to determine whether they will unfreeze the DAPA and Expanded DACA programs that would provide relief for millions of immigrant families & their communities.”

•  Derribando Muros: Boletín del Observatorio de Migración
INSYDE, Febrero 2016

•  Óscar Martínez’s New Book Vividly Demonstrates Why People Are Fleeing Central America
Ilan Stavans, In These Times, March 3, 2016
“In ‘a History of Violence,’ the reporter and award-winning author of ‘The Beast’ looks at endemic drug violence.”

•  Stop Kimberly’s Deportation and Stop the Raids!
Petition by Karen Lucas, AILA
“We are asking Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) to stay the deportation of Kimberly Pineda Chavez, a 10th grade student at Collins Hill High School who was arrested by ICE on her way to school and has now been detained for more than 5 weeks. She may be deported as soon as Monday.”

Do you know of someone who might be interested in receiving the Migrant News Brief? Forward this e-mail and have them sign up here.

*The Central America/Mexico Migrant News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.