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Central America/Mexico Migration News Brief for April 26, 2017

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A compilation of recent top articles and reports related to issues of U.S. immigration policies and migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish). Please feel free to send us recommendations or requests for upcoming news briefs: ebuckhout@lawg.org.

US Immigration Updates

Congress Set to Deny Trump Wall Money
Burgess Everett, Jennifer Scholtes, Tara Palmeri, Politico, April 25, 2017
“President Donald Trump is almost certainly not going to get his money for a wall on the border with Mexico this week. But Republicans are confident they can deliver him a significant boost in border security spending that allows Trump to spin the government funding bill as a victory anyway.”

Federal Judge Delivers Another Blow to Trump’s Immigration Policies
Deepa Iyer, ColorLines, April 26, 2017
“Yesterday (April 25), U.S. District Judge William Orrick III issued a nationwide preliminary injunction to block a portion of President Trump’s January 25, 2017 executive order on interior immigration enforcement.”

Justice Department Warns Sanctuary Cities in California, 8 Other Jurisdictions to Cooperate with Immigration Enforcement
Joseph Tanfani, Los Angeles Times, April 21, 2017
“The Justice Department on Friday fired an opening shot in the Trump administration’s crackdown on so-called sanctuary cities, sending letters to nine jurisdictions asking for proof that they are cooperating with immigration enforcement, and indicating they are at risk of losing federal grants.”

Un juez federal en California bloquea temporalmente el retiro de fondos de Trump a las ciudades santuario
Melvin Felix, Univison Noticias, 25 de abril de 2017
“Los condados de San Francisco y Santa Clara llevaron a los tribunales la decisión del presidente sobre las ciudades santuario, acusándola de inconstitucional.”

Fearmongering at Homeland Security
The Editorial Board, The New York Times, April 21, 2017
“Of course it is necessary to take seriously threats from extremist groups and criminals, and take measures against them. But they do not justify Mr. Kelly’s incendiary message to his work force. The tone he sets can only encourage abusive behavior among his officers further down the chain of command against immigrants, and also lead to the curtailment of Americans’ civil liberties and privacy.”

Torn from Their Families for No Good Reason
The Editorial Board, The New York Times, April 21, 2017
“Anyone wanting vivid examples of the unjust consequences of Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly’s hard-line immigration policy need look no further than Maribel Trujillo-Diaz, a mother of four children living near Cincinnati, who is her family’s main breadwinner and who has no criminal record.”

The Trump Administration May Be Deporting ‘the Good Ones’
The Editorial Board, The Washington Post, April 20, 2017
“Homeland Security Secretary John F. Kelly says agents will focus enforcement on undocumented immigrants with criminal records, but numbers from the administration’s first weeks in office suggest a different, and concerning, pattern.”

First Protected DREAMer Is Deported Under Trump
Alan Gomez and David Agren, USA TODAY, April 18, 2017
“Montes had left his wallet in a friend’s car, so he couldn’t produce his ID or proof of his DACA status and was told by agents he couldn’t retrieve them. Within three hours, he was back in Mexico, becoming the first undocumented immigrant with active DACA status deported by the Trump administration’s stepped-up deportation policy.”

A ‘Dreamer’ Claims He Was Secretly Deported. The Government Claims It Never Happened.
Samantha Schmidt and Peter Holley, The Washington Post, April 19, 2017
“He is now one of the first ‘dreamers’ to be deported by President Trump, immigration advocates and lawyers say, violating the protected status that undocumented people brought to the United States as children have been granted.”

Trump the Candidate vs Trump the President on DACA
Claritza Jimenez, The Washington Post, April 19, 2017
“Although initially against DACA, President Trump has signaled this group could be spared from deportation.”

Illegal Immigration Fell Before Trump Took Office, Study Says
Laura Meckler, The Wall Street Journal, April 25, 2017
“The number of people living in the U.S. illegally touched its lowest level in a decade in the final years of the Obama administration, according to a new report that underscores how undocumented immigration was already in decline ahead of President Donald Trump’s tougher border stance.”

New York Becomes First State To Offer Legal Services To Immigrants Facing Deportation
Shanice Davis, Vibe, April 11, 2017
“According to New York Daily News, the Empire State is set to dedicate $10 million from its new budget to immigrant legal services, with $4 million designated for the Vera Institute of Justice, $2 million for the Hispanic Federation, and $1 million each for the New York Immigration Coalition, the Empire Justice Center, Catholic Charities Community Services and the Northern Manhattan Immigration Coalition for Immigrant Rights.”

Cien días de la invariable agenda antiinmigrante de Trump
Maribel Hastings, La Opinión, 24 de abril de 2017
“A punto de cumplirse los primeros 100 días del gobierno de Trump si algo queda claro es que su política antiinmigrante es quizá lo único que ha permanecido estable. De momento Trump no hace realidad una de sus promesas de campaña, revocar la Acción Diferida para los Llegados en la Infancia (DACA), e incluso le indicó a la Associated Press que los DREAMers pueden estar tranquilos, esto a pesar de que algunos han sido detenidos y otro, Juan Manuel Montes, fue deportado a México en un caso bastante confuso.”

USA Today: Top Federal Immigration Official Recommends End to TPS for 50,000 Haitians in U.S.
Sergio Bustos, Politico, April 21, 2017
“A top Trump administration official is recommending an end to Temporary Protected Status, or TPS, for Haitian immigrants, a designation that has allowed tens of thousands to live and work legally in the U.S. in the wake of natural disasters in their poverty-stricken homeland, USA Today reports.”

Watchdog Finds Immigration Enforcement Agency Lacks Manpower to Properly Track Immigrants
Dan Frosch, The Wall Street Journal, April 20, 2017
“The Homeland Security Department’s internal watchdog said Thursday that federal immigration officers aren’t sufficiently tracking thousands of undocumented immigrants who are awaiting possible deportation but aren’t currently in detention.”

Report: ICE Does Bad Job of Overseeing Deportable Immigrants
Alicia A. Caldwell, AP, The Washington Post, April 20, 2017
“The Homeland Security Department’s inspector general found that ICE deportation officers are routinely assigned to manage thousands of cases at a time and are so overburdened that the agency likely isn’t deporting all the immigrants it could.”

Attorney General Jeff Sessions: Sanctuary Cities ‘Undermine’ Gang Fight
Kevin Johnson, USA TODAY, April 18, 2017
“Attorney General Jeff Sessions took fresh aim at sanctuary cities Tuesday, asserting that their failure to cooperate with federal immigration authorities ‘dangerously undermines’ gang enforcement efforts.”

U.S. Top Court Leaves Intact Ruling Against Central America Asylum Seekers
Andrew Chung, Reuters, April 17, 2017
“The families, 28 women and 33 children ages 2 to 17 from El Salvador, Honduras and Guatemala, had hoped the justices would overturn a lower court’s ruling preventing them from having their expedited removal orders reviewed by a federal judge.”

Secretario Kelly: Nos enfocamos en delincuentes; hechos: ICE persigue a cualquiera
America’s Voice, Latino California, 17 de abril de 2017
“Durante su participación en el programa de NBC “Meet the Press” de ayer, el secretario del Departamento de Seguridad Nacional, general John Kelly, recurrió a los puntos de discusión del gobierno de Trump para asegurar que ICE se está enfocando en “delincuentes, múltiples condenas”. Negó que su agencia persiga a aquellos que no tienen historial delictivo, al declarar que “tiene que ser algo más”.”

ICE ha deportado a más de 25,000 inmigrantes no criminales desde enero
María Peña, La Opinión, 17 de abril de 2017
“El secretario de Seguridad Nacional, John Kelly, ha insistido en que EEUU está poniendo énfasis en la deportación de inmigrantes criminales, pero cifras de la Oficina de Inmigración y Aduanas (ICE), obtenidas hoy por este diario, indican que la agencia ha deportado a más de 25,000 inmigrantes indocumentados sin antecedentes penales entre enero y el mes  pasado.”

Trump’s Deportation Force Has Swept up Thousands of Undocumented Immigrants with No Criminal Record
Gabe Ortiz, Daily Kos, April 17, 2017
“Arrests of undocumented immigrants have surged more than 32 percent compared to this period last year, according to a new report from the Washington Post. Just as alarmingly, the arrests of undocumented immigrants with no criminal record have doubled from that same period, throwing cold water on Donald Trump’s claim that his unshackled deportation force is prioritizing so-called “bad hombres” for arrest.”

El barrio angelino donde nació la Mara Salvatrucha teme ‘daños colaterales’ por redadas de Trump
Isaias Alvarado, Univision Los Angeles, 21 de abril de 2017
“Vecinos y activistas temen que se estén planeando redadas contra miembros de la MS-13 en Rampart, el vecindario en el oeste de Los Ángeles donde se fundó la banda en la década de 1980, y que también sean deportados indocumentados sin antecedentes penales.”

Trump’s New Rules Could Swamp Already Backlogged Immigration Courts
Rick Jervis, Alan Gomez and Gustavo Solis, USA TODAY, April 17, 2017
“Coast to coast, immigration judges, prosecutors and defense attorneys are straining to decipher how the federal immigration rules released in February by the Trump administration will impact the system — amid an already burgeoning backlog of existing cases.”

Arresting Illegal Immigrants in Courthouses Violates Their Rights, Say Activists
Nicholas Ballasy, PJ Media, April 16, 2017
“Immigrant-rights advocates are calling for Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officers to not enter courthouses to arrest individuals living in the country illegally, arguing that such arrests violate their constitutional rights.”

Trump’s Sanctuary City Order Faces First Test in Court
Sara Randazzo and  Alejandro Lazo, The Wall Street Journal, April 14, 2017
“President Donald Trump’s order to pull funds from cities that refuse to assist in U.S. immigration enforcement faced its first test Friday in a federal courtroom here.”

DHS’ Kelly: Congress Needs to Fix Immigration Laws
Kevin Robillard, Politico, April 16, 2017
“‘And we are a nation of laws, and I would hope that the Congress fixes a lot of these problems.’”

DHS Secretary John Kelly: A Single DUI Could Lead to Deportation Proceedings
Esther Yu Hsi Lee, ThinkProgress, April 16, 2017
“During an interview on Sunday’s Meet the Press with host Chuck Todd, Department of Homeland Security (DHS) Secretary John Kelly affirmed that the Trump administration will pursue immigrants for possible deportation who were previously deemed as lower priority detainees under the Obama administration.”

U.S. Immigration Policy Propels an Invigorated Sanctuary Movement
Alexandra Délano Alonso, AULA Blog, April 18, 2017
“The Trump administration’s expansion of an already enlarged deportation apparatus and its attempt to establish a ban against immigrants from targeted countries has intensified the Sanctuary Movement and driven it to explore new ways of protecting undocumented migrants and other groups that are under attack.”

Voluntarios en EEUU acompañan inmigrantes ante autoridades
Claudia Torrens, Associated Press, Yahoo News, 25 de abril de 2017
“En varias ciudades de Estados Unidos, clérigos y voluntarios se dedican a acompañar a las cortes y oficinas de inmigración a extranjeros que viven ilegalmente en el país. “

U.S.-Mexico Border

Why We Need a Whistle-Blower in US Customs and Border Protection
John Washington, The Nation, April 25, 2017
“What we do know about the US Customs and Border Protection—the federal agency that oversees our country’s international trade, immigration services, and the increasingly militarized Border Patrol—is worrying. We know that CBP has a long history of racial profiling, excessive use of force, and mass surveillance.”

5 Questions the Trump Administration Needs to Answer About the Border Wall
 Jenny Rowland and Philip E. Wolgin, The Center for American Progress, April 18, 2017
“The administration recently concluded a request for proposals from firms to construct the wall, and it has already started to send out notices to landowners along the border notifying them that the federal government will likely be seizing their private property.”

Border Lawmakers Balk at Donald Trump’s Wall Request
Laura Meckler and Kristina Peterson, The Wall Street Journal, April 21, 2017
“Not a single member of Congress who represents the territory on the southwest border said they support President Donald Trump’s request for $1.4 billion to begin construction of his promised wall, according to a Wall Street Journal survey, testing the administration’s ability to reach a deal on government funding next week”

El Paso Has Much to Show Sessions, Kelly: Editorial
Editorial Board,El Paso Times, April 19, 2017
“Attorney General Jeff Sessions and Homeland Security Secretary John Kelly will visit El Paso on Thursday as they tour the U.S.-Mexico border.
While they are here, they will see a border region that bears little resemblance to the rhetoric that comes from the administration they serve.”

Border Trip Reveals Homeland Sec. Kelly, Attorney General Sessions Split on Immigration, Drugs
Betsy Woodruff, The Daily Beast, April 18, 2017
“Homeland Security Sec. John Kelly and Attorney General Jeff Sessions—the two men tasked with implementing President Donald Trump’s immigration plans—will visit San Diego and El Paso this week, on a road trip where their contrasting focuses and styles could stand in stark relief.”

Rio Grande Valley is Unusually Quiet as Southwest Border Crossings Drop to Lowest Point in at Least 17 Years
Jenny Jarvie, Los Angeles Times, April 10, 2017
“Here in the Rio Grande Valley, ground zero since 2014 for the flow of asylum seekers fleeing violence and persecution in Central America, the number of families and unaccompanied children caught entering the United States has plummeted, from about 291 a day in January to just 37 a day in March.”

Juarez Has Become a Limbo for Central American Migrants Who Decided to Delay Plans to Cross into U.S
Borderzine Special Reports, Borderzine, April 20, 2017
“For years Casa del Migrante, a shelter in Ciudad Juarez, has been a haven and a crossing point for immigrants coming from the south, but the uncertainty of new immigration policies under the Trump presidency is convincing some of them to remain at the border indefinitely. In 2015  the shelter received 5,600 immigrants. Last year the number increased to more than 9,000, officials said.”

Cientos de haitianos se establecen en Tijuana y Mexicali para iniciar una nueva vida
Consuelo Pagaza, Animal Político, 23 de abril de 2017
“Cientos de haitianos comenzaron una nueva vida en México. Los restaurantes, el ambulantaje, hoteles y la construcción son los sectores en los que buscan un empleo que les permita subsistir en las ciudades fronterizas de Tijuana y Mexicali, Baja California.”

Wounded San Diego Activist is Recovering After Disappearing in Mexico
Jean Guerrero, PRI, April 19, 2017
“Details surrounding his disappearance are still unclear, but the office of Mexico’s attorney general said it has since launched an investigation into Castro’s “illegal deprivation of freedom.”

Immigration Policy Isn’t Just Borders and Fences. It’s Trade and Aid, Too.
Filiz Garup, The Washington Post, April 25, 2017
“Over the past two weeks, the White House has taken credit on multiple occasions for the decline in Mexican immigration to the United States. Yet while it’s true Mexicans are not coming in large numbers anymore, that’s hardly thanks to President Trump’s administration: Since the Great Recession, more Mexicans have been leaving than coming to the United States, for reasons related to labor markets and demographics both north and south of the border.”

Mexican Enforcement

En los límites de la frontera, quebrando los límites: situación de los derechos humanos de las personas migrantes y refugiadas en Tenosique, Tabasco
Hogar Refugio para Personas Migrantes, Tenosique, Tabasco, Informe 2016
“Tal parece que la tragedia es permanente; tal parece que nos hemos acostumbrado a escuchar el clamor, los gritos tumultuosos de aquellas y aquellos que van a la intemperie cargando su único patrimonio que han conseguido en su corta o larga, pero nunca dolorosa existencia: el sueño de una vida mejor. Y desafortunadamente, aquellas, aquellos que salen ahora de sus países para, literalmente, sobrevivir encuentran ya desde el inicio del camino en México, persecución, humillación, ultrajes sexuales, extorsión, muerte.”

Mexican Deportees, Once Ignored Back Home, Now Find ‘Open Arms’
Elisabeth Malkin, The New York Times, April 15, 2017
“Now, Mexican politicians are eagerly embracing them, portraying deportees as the embodiment of President Trump’s hostility toward their country and their people — even though deportations of Mexican citizens actually fell in the opening months of his term.”

The Central American Mothers Tracing the Footsteps of Their Missing Migrant Children in a Caravan
Consuelo Pagaza, Equal Times, April 17, 2017
“Rubén Figueroa, the south-south east coordinator of the Mesoamerican Migrant Movement (MMM) which supports and is behind the organisation of the mothers’ caravan, notes that with the arrival of Donald Trump as President of the United States, ‘there will be more radicalisation and xenophobia [in Mexico], which will lead to even greater insecurity for migrants on the migratory route that has occurred ever since the Mexican government [of Enrique Peña Nieto] announced [in July 2014] the Southern Border Plan.’”

Search for Missing Migrant Rights Activist Begins in US, Mexico
Telesur, April 16, 2017
“A transnational search effort has been launched to find activist Hugo Castro, a U.S. citizen who disappeared Friday while traveling alone as a part of a refugee assistance trip.”

Mexico’s Military Is A Lethal Killing Force – Should It Really Be Deployed As Police?
Luis Gomez Romero, Huffpost, April 24, 2017
“Mexico has endured all these pains and more, including 150,000 murders and some 26,000 disappearances, during its brutal ten-year war against drug cartels.”

Roots Causes, Country Conditions

Security Concerns Remain Despite Drop in Homicides in Honduras
Parker Asmann, InSight Crime, April 20, 2017
“Authorities in Honduras say that their fight against organized crime is responsible for the country’s plateauing homicide rate, highlighting the complex interaction between hard-line security policies and levels of violence.”

Homicides in Guatemala
InSight Crime
“This project explores the challenges and lessons of disaggregating gang-related and drug trafficking-related murders.”

Mafia of the Poor: Gang Violence and Extortion in Central America
ETH Zurich, April 2017
“This report focuses on the rise of Central American gangs, the ubiquitous violence that has followed in their wake, and the unsuccessful attempts by the region’s governments to address the social ills created by the ‘Mafia of the poor.’”

Trump Falsely Claims Obama Policies to Blame for Growth of MS-13 Gang in the U.S.
Amy Sherman, Miriam Valverde, Politifact, April 18, 2017
“Trump’s tweet came days after four young men were found brutally murdered in Central Islip in Long Island. The Suffolk County police commissioner said he suspects the MS-13 involvement.

7 Things the Trump Administration Gets Wrong about MS13
Héctor Silva Ávalos, InSight Crime, April 19, 2017
“But the verbal offensive by the president and the attorney general, as well as their statements on the origins and evolution of the gang, are for the most part false or misleading.”

Central America Worries About More Gang Deportations from US
Associated Press, The Washington Post, April 20, 2017
“Attorneys general in Central America expressed concern Thursday over comments from their U.S. counterpart suggesting increased deportations of gang members by the United States.”

Fiscalía: Óscar Ortiz participó en “métodos de lavado” en caso Chepe Diablo
Bryan Avelar, Factum, 17 de abril de 2017
“El vicepresidente de El Salvador, Óscar Ortiz, está más cerca de lo que dice de las actividades ilícitas de José Adán Salazar Umaña, alias Chepe Diablo, capturado el pasado 4 de abril bajo cargos de lavado de dinero. La investigación fiscal que llevó a la captura de Salazar Umaña y otras tres personas indica que Ortiz no solo es accionista de la sociedad Desarrollos Montecristo S.A. de C.V., involucrada en el caso, sino que también realizó, a título personal, actividades que el mismo Ministerio Público califica como “métodos de lavado de dinero”.”

Mexico and the USA – Neighborhood Problems: Ignorance and Uncertainty
Laura Tejada, Blasting News, April 25, 2017
“Mexico and the United States are linked by several factors: political, economic, commercial, geographical, historical and social. However, the decisions and projects of the new American president, especially in regard of the migration dossier – today considered the salvation of Trump’s presidential failure, so far–, have created tensions between the two neighbouring countries.”

Fugitive Mexican Politician Arrested in Guatemala
Latin American Herald Tribune
“The 43-year-old Duarte was the subject of an international arrest warrant on organized crime and other charges.”

Mexican Human Rights Commission Condemns Killing of Reporter
Reuters, US News, April 15, 2017
“Mexico’s human rights commission on Saturday condemned the killing of a police beat reporter in western Mexico, the latest in a string of journalists shot down in acts that may be connected to their work.”

War on Press Rages on: 5th Mexican Journalist Killed in 7 Weeks
Telesur, April 18, 2017
“Last year was the deadliest year for journalists in Mexico in the past decade according to rights groups, and the bodies only continue to pile up.”

Mexico: Surge in Drug Gang Violence Leaves 35 Dead in One Weekend
Reuters, The Guardian, April 24, 2017
“Fights between gangs have increased since the arrest last year of Sinaloa cartel boss Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman.”

Gender Identity Recognition at the Border and Beyond
Lisa Skeen, Open Society Foundations, April 5, 2017
“In many places, it remains difficult or even impossible for people to obtain legal identity documents that match their gender identities. This exposes trans and intersex people to discrimination, and undermines their human rights to personal security, privacy, and freedom from inappropriate searches. Trans and intersex people are especially vulnerable when crossing borders, as they may be detained or singled out for suspicion because of inaccurate documentation or a lack of awareness of bodily diversity”

Mexico’s Unrelenting Violence is Climbing to New Highs
Christopher Woody, Business Insider, April 22, 2017
“In March, Mexico had more than 2,000 homicide cases in a month for the first time since summer 2011, when the country was mired in the throes of a bloody cartel war.”

Cumbre militar en Cozumel, escenario del debut de México como líder regional
Dolia Estévez, SinEmbargo, 21 de abril de 2017
“Por segunda vez en menos de tres meses, la alta jerarquía militar de Estados Unidos y México volverán a reunirse a puerta cerrada y lejos del escrutinio de los medios. El último encuentro fue en Tapachula a fines de enero sobre el que sólo los estadounidenses informaron. Esta vez, los máximos encargados de la seguridad de ambas naciones se encontrarán en Cozumel en el marco de la V Conferencia de Seguridad en Centroamérica (CENTSEC), programada del 23 al 25 de abril.”

Exclusive: U.S. Offers to Fund Mexico Heroin Fight as 2016 Output Jumps – U.S. Official
Gabriel Stargardter, US News, April 21, 2017
“The United States has offered to help fund Mexico’s efforts to eradicate opium poppies, the U.S. assistant secretary for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) said on Friday, as Mexican heroin output increased again last year.”

Over 14,000 Women Are Raped in Mexico Every Year: Report
Telesur, April 21, 2017
“This figure could represent only 20 percent of actual cases, given that 80 percent of cases are not reported, according to Amnesty International.”

Resources and Actions

Urgent Action–Tell Congress: NO Wall, NO Shutdown
Andrea Fernández Aponte and Emma Buckhout, Latin America Working Group, April 25, 2017
“This wall goes against our country’s values. What’s more, it will not stop immigration. Instead, it will place the most vulnerable people seeking protection at our border—especially families and children—at greater risk, forcing them to take even more perilous routes and pushing them into the hands of smugglers, traffickers, organized crime, and corrupt officials. It will also jeopardize our relationship with Mexico and our Central American neighbors. Above all, building a physical barrier will do nothing to address the root causes of extreme violence and poverty driving people from their homes in the first place.”

U.S. Senate Report: Wall Costs Could Soar Toward $70 Billion
U.S. Senate Committee Homeland Security and Government Affairs, April 18, 2017
“The Democratic staff of the Senate Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Committee today issued a report detailing that costs for the Administration’s proposed concrete wall along the southern border could soar to nearly $70 billion—not including the significant costs and legal resources required for land acquisition. The report is based in part on documents and briefings provided by Customs and Border Protection (CBP) officials.”

The Facts on Immigration Today: 2017 Edition
CAP Immigration Team and Michael D. Nicholson, Center for American Progress, April 20, 2017
“Below are the latest and most essential facts about immigrants and immigration reform in the nation today.”

The First 100 Days: Summary of Major Immigration Actions Taken by the Trump Administration
Sela Cowger, Jessica Bolter, and Sarah Pierce, Migration Policy Institute, April 2017
“This fact sheet examines the major immigration actions taken to date, in particular the executive orders signed on interior enforcement, border enforcement, the original and revised travel bans, and ‘Buy American and Hire American,’ along with related adminstration implementation memoranda.”

Why Caution is Needed Before Hiring Additional Border Patrol Agents and ICE Officers
Josiah McC. Heyman, Ph.D, American Immigration Council, April 24, 2017
“The last time the Border Patrol received a large infusion of money to hire thousands of new agents, cases of corruption and misconduct spiked in the agency. New hires were not sufficiently vetted, novice agents were not adequately supervised, and agents who abused their authority acted with impunity. Now the Trump administration wants to repeat history by hiring thousands of additional Border Patrol agents, as well as Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officers, without introducing the reforms and safeguards needed to avoid the abuses and scandals of the past.”

Five Reasons Trump’s Immigration Orders Harm Children
Wendy Cervantes and Christina Walker, CLASP, April 2017
“Research shows that harsh immigration enforcement policies have consistently undermined the health, economic security, and overall wellbeing of children in immigrant families.1 Earlier this year, the Trump Administration issued two executive orders that drastically expand the intensity and scope of federal immigration enforcement activities in the United States. These orders include policy changes that will have damaging consequences for children living in mixed-status immigrant families, the vast majority of whom are U.S. citizens, as well as unaccompanied children seeking protection here.”

Central American Immigrants in the United States
Gabriel Lesser and Jeanne Batalova, Migration Policy Institute, April 5, 2017
“In 2015, approximately 3.4 million Central Americans resided in the United States, representing 8 percent of the 43.3 million U.S. immigrants. Eighty-five percent of Central Americans in the United States were from the Northern Triangle, formed by El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras. “

What is the “Trump Effect” on Migration? It’s Too Early to Draw Conclusions
Adam Isacson, WOLA, April 17, 2017
“March tends to be a heavier-than-average month for arrivals of migrants at the U.S.-Mexico border. This year is different, though: the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) reports apprehending only 12,193 migrants at the border in March 2017, including 1,043 unaccompanied children and 1,125 members of family units, primarily from Guatemala, El Salvador, and Honduras.”

Juan Manuel Montes Bojorquez v. United States Customs and Border Protection and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services
United States District Court for the Southern District of California, April 18, 2017
“Plaintiff Juan Manuel Montes Bojorquez (“Mr. Montes”) brings this action under the Freedom of Information Act (“FOIA”), 5 U.S.C. § 552, for injunctive and other appropriate relief seeking the disclosure and release of agency records improperly withheld by Defendants United States Customs and Border Protection (“CBP”) and United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (“USCIS”).”

Country Conditions in Central America and Asylum Decision-Making: Report from a January 2017 Workshop
Jayesh Rathod, Eric Hershberg, Dennis Stinchcomb, American University-Center for Latin American and Latino Studies, April 18, 2017
“In order to foster the collaboration that could inform the equitable adjudication of these cases, a cross-disciplinary team at American University convened an international group of researchers and practitioners with expertise across three areas: 1) country conditions in Central America; 2) psychological assessment of asylum seekers; and 3) asylum adjudication and evolving jurisprudence on asylum law in the U.S.”

Annual Report of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights on the Human Rights Situation in Honduras
United Nations General Assembly, Human Rights Council, February 9, 2017
“In his report, the High Commissioner describes the situation of human rights in Honduras; the fight against impunity and the strengthening of the justice sector in a context of violence; the environment in which human rights defenders operate and the steps required for their protection; and the human rights situation of women and indigenous peoples. He also provides an overview of the challenges in the development sphere and their impact on economic and social rights. “

As Mexican Share Declined, U.S. Unauthorized Immigrant Population Fell in 2015 Below Recession Level
Jeffrey S. Passel and D’Vera Cohn, Pew Research Center, April 25, 2017
“The number of unauthorized immigrants living in the United States in 2015 fell below the total at the end of the Great Recession for the first time, with Mexicans continuing to represent a declining share of this population, according to new Pew Research Center estimates based on government data.”

Protecting Assets and Child Custody in the Face of Deportation
AppleSeed Network, 2017 Version
“As millions of immigrant families face fear and uncertainty, Appleseed is updating its 2012 manual, “Protecting Assets and Child Custody in the Face of Deportation.”
This one-of-a-kind resource is designed for immigrants and those who work with them; the host of attorneys, nurses, social workers, religious workers who are stepping up in challenging times. Appleseed’s Manual will help families develop plans in advance to deal with critical financial and family issues in the event of deportation, arrest and other family emergencies.”

Do You Oppose the Border Wall? Call Your Representative to Let Them Know.
Loren Riesenfeld, WOLA
“As Congress debates the federal budget, you can make a difference by calling your elected representative and telling them why you think the border wall would be expensive, ineffective, and harmful to communities across the United States—as well as for U.S. relations and interests in Latin America.”

Support Lawyers for Unaccompanied Children
Kids in Need of Defense
“Please tweet and urge your Representative to support the Fair Day in Court for Kids Act (HR 2043) introduced by Rep. Lofgren (D-CA). This vital legislation will ensure that unaccompanied refugee and immigrant children seeking safety have an attorney by their side throughout their deportation proceedings.”

Bring Kenault Home!
National Immigrant Justice Center
“Senators Tim Kaine and Mark Warner have the power to urge ICE to #BringKenaultHome. Call them now!”

Join the 2017 Spring Days of Action!
SOA Watch
“SOA Watch’s 2017 Spring Days of Action are now through May 12, 2017! During the next month, we want you to contact your Representative and/or take part in actions in honor of Berta Caceres and in support of Central American asylum-seekers.”

U.S. Commission on Civil Rights Expresses Concern with Immigrants’ Access to Justice
United States Commission on Civil Rights, April 24, 2017
“The Commission is concerned that some of the most vulnerable individuals’ access to justice is hindered by the recent actions of the federal government. The Commission urges Attorney General Sessions and Department of Homeland Security Secretary Kelly to consider the fair administration of justice when determining how and where they send Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) agents.”

Action Alert: Stop President Trump’s Border Wall
League of United Latin American Citizens
“Contact your Member of Congress and tell them to oppose any efforts to fund Trump’s border wall and deportation force.”

Firmar la salida voluntaria de EEUU: el último recurso
Jorge Cancino, Univision Noticias, 24 de abril de 2017
“Esta es una nueva selección de las respuestas de abogados especializados a las preguntas sobre inmigración que envían los usuarios a la redacción de Univision Noticias.”

*The Central America/Mexico Migration News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group

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