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Central America/Mexico Migration News Brief for July 29, 2016

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A compilation of the last two week’s top articles and reports related to issues of migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish).

Spotlight: U.S. Announces Increased Refugee Resettlement

•   LAWG Encouraged by USG Expanded Recognition of Central American Refugees, Urges More Policies to Address Humanitarian Crisis at Home and Abroad
Latin America Working Group, July 29, 2016
“LAWG is encouraged by the announcement made this week by the U.S. government to expand protection mechanisms for asylum seekers from the Northern Triangle countries of Central America….LAWG remains deeply concerned, however, by the lack of access to asylum and due process available to the families and children arriving at the U.S. border who would not be granted protections under the announcement as well as raids targeting and deporting these vulnerable populations since the beginning of this year.”

•   US Partners with Costa Rica to Protect Central American Refugees
Amanda Holpuch, The Guardian, July 26, 2016
“To address the needs of those who urgently need protection, the administration is partnering with Costa Rica, as well as the United Nations, which will help identify the most vulnerable people in Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala.”

•   U.S. Expands Initiatives to Address Migration Challenges
Office of the Spokesperson, Department of State, July 26, 2016
“Through coordination with UNHCR and IOM, the United States government will pre-screen vulnerable applicants from the region seeking protection… Additionally, for cases not requiring immediate transfer to Costa Rica, the United States is establishing an in-country referral program… The United States is also pleased to announce an expansion of our existing Central American Minors program…”
Leer en español aquí

•   U.S. to Admit More Central American Refugees
Julie Hirschfeld Davis, The New York Times, July 27, 2016
“The White House on Tuesday announced a substantial expansion of a program to admit Central American refugees to the United States, conceding that its efforts to protect migrants fleeing dangerous conditions has been inadequate and left too many vulnerable people with no recourse.”
Leer una versión en español: Estados Unidos expande el ‘deficiente’ programa de refugiados centroamericanos

•   Honduras Praises Expansion of U.S. Asylum Program for Central American Children
EFE, Fox News Latino, July 28, 2016
“Honduran President Juan Orlando Hernandez praised on Wednesday the expansion of the U.S. asylum program for Central American children, while urging Washington to address the ‘root of the problem.’… The Honduran leader emphasized the importance of the U.S.-sponsored Plan of the Alliance for Prosperity in the Northern Triangle of Central America, which is aimed at confronting the violence and economic deprivation that lead families to send their children on the dangerous journey to the United States.”

Root Causes

•   Death Squads May Return to El Salvador, Rights Monitor Warns
Telesur, July 29, 2016
“El Salvador runs the risk of seeing the reemergence of death squads as the government pursues a hardline approach in its efforts to tackle violent crime in the Central American country, national human rights ombudsman David Morales told EFE.”

•   El Salvador Police Arrest 77 in High-Profile Raids against Powerful MS13 Gang
Nina Lakhani, The Guardian, July 29, 2016
“Police and prosecutors announced a series of high-profile raids on Thursday against alleged leaders and business associates of the Mara Salvatrucha (MS13) gang, claiming to have delivered a severe blow to the group’s financial operations.”

•   La amenaza más grande a nuestra democracia es el crimen
Luis Laínez, La Prensa Grafica, 19 de julio de 2016
“Si i hay que resumir la estrategia de seguridad del Gobierno es esta: golpear contundentemente a las pandillas porque se han convertido en una seria amenaza del Estado mismo. Así lo cree fervientemente Óscar Ortiz, el vicepresidente de la República y encargado de ejecutar las medidas extraordinarias en contra de la delincuencia. Para él, lo más importante es golpear a las estructuras criminales, sin dejar de lado que hay controles más estrictos para evitar posibilidad de abusos de los cuerpos de seguridad”.

•   En el país más violento del mundo cada día se registran 30 nuevas armas
Metzi Rosales Martel, El Faro, 24 de febrero de 2016
“Los habitantes del país más violento del mundo han estado gastando en compras de armas de fuego más de un millón y medio de dólares al año, en un mercado en el que a pesar del gran margen de incertidumbre sobre la cantidad de armas en manos de civiles, si solo se tomaran las importadas legalmente en los últimos 10 años, alcanzarían para repartir una por cada 50 habitantes. En realidad la disponibilidad es mucho mayor, porque a las legalizadas hay que agregar las cientos de miles que ya inundaban este país centroamericano a inicios de la década pasada”.

•   Organized Crime and Migration in the Northern Triangle and Mexico
Inter American Dialogue, July 21, 2016
“…sending migrants back without the assurance of a safe return and without the opportunity to claim asylum is unacceptable and conflicts with the obligations of both the United States and Mexico when faced with a situation where individuals are forced to leave their countries because of violence. In the past three years, 50,000 people have been murdered in the Northern Triangle, more than in the United States which has a population ten times larger… changes in the nature of migratory flow from economic to forced displacement can be explained by high levels of criminal violence. While economic reasons still drive migrants to make the long and difficult journey, the experience of violence is fundamental and in many cases serves as a trigger.”

•   Guatemala Prison Programs Rehabilitate 70% of Minors: Report
David Gagne, InSight Crime, July 18, 2016
“A new report says more than two-thirds of all jailed youths in Guatemala are “rehabilitated” while incarcerated, a rare bright spot for the country’s oft-maligned penitentiary system that also highlights the challenges of reintegrating gang members into society… The court’s statement is an unusually promising indicator of improvement in Guatemala’s penitentiary system, at least at the juvenile level.”

•   The Legacy of Berta Cáceres: What Environmentalists Can Learn From Human Rights Groups
Frank Smyth, Philanthropy News Digest, July 19, 2016
“The murders of Cáceres and so many others prove beyond a doubt that not only are “green” activists on the frontlines of social justice and human rights struggles around the world, they are being targeted at a greater rate than journalists or human rights or LGBT activists… First, however, we need to understand that if environmental activists are going to do their work, and do it well, they need to be safe. And safety begins with solidarity.”

•   The ‘Narco of Narcos’ Has Come Out of the Shadows
Christopher Woody, Business Insider, July 18, 2016
“According to Mexican military and government sources, the recent appearance of large drug shipments and a spike in violence in the area are the result of the reemergence of one of the most powerful figures on Mexico’s narco landscape: Rafael Caro Quintero, the ‘narco of narcos’ and one of the US Drug Enforcement Administration’s most wanted men… Jockeying between rival criminal groups seems to be confirmed by rising violence in the city — 16 homicides in the first six days of July, after a May that saw nearly double the killings recorded in the same month last year.”

•   After Years of Decline, Mexico’s Murder Rate is Heading Back to Peak Drug War Levels
Nathaniel Janowitz, Vice News, July 22, 2016
“According to official figures released this week, the number of murders in Mexico during the first half of this year was around 15 percent higher than in the same period of 2015.”

•   Emergency Measures Haven’t Slowed Rising Violence against Women in Mexico State
Alan Hernández, Vice News, July 28, 2016
“Years of pressure from activists and victims over rampant gender-related violence in Mexico State eventually led the government to declare an official “gender alert” in July 2015. One year on, things look even worse.”

•   Organized Crime Loopholes Water Down Mexico Justice Reform
Mike LaSusa, InSight Crime, July 18, 2016
“The exceptions, outlined in a new report from the Washington Office on Latin America (WOLA), provide for the use of a controversial measure known as ‘arraigo,’… mandatory pretrial detention of organized crime suspects, the interception of their private communications, and the restriction of detainees’ communication and visitation rights….these exceptions ‘severely limit or negate the safeguards of the new system,’ laid out in a series of reforms passed by Mexico’s legislature in 2008.”

•   Guatemala Security: ‘Those Who Can Afford It Buy Protection’
Anna-Catherine Brigada, BBC, July 21, 2016
“With an average of 13 murders per day across the country last year, Guatemala is one of the most dangerous nations in the world, outside of a warzone. Bedevilled by drug gangs, grinding poverty and an abundance of guns, violent crime rates are sky high… It adds that the situation is a ‘serious concern’, not helped by ‘weak law enforcement and judicial systems’, or the country’s ‘legacy of societal violence’ – a reference to the Guatemalan Civil War that ran from 1960 to 1996. Under such circumstances it is perhaps no surprise that the country’s private security sector is booming.”

•   Mutilados por la Bestia alertan del peligro de la migración ‘forzada’ a Estados Unidos
Belhu Sanabria, La Opinión, 20 de julio de 2016
“Los indocumentados se enfrentan a la pesadilla de su vida al subir al también llamado ‘Tren de la muerte’, dice el inmigrante hondureño José Luis Hernández, quien ha perdido la pierna y el brazo derecho y parte de su mano izquierda, mutiladas por las ruedas de La Bestia, tren que toman miles de inmigrantes centroamericanos en México para llegar a la frontera sur de Estados Unidos… Hernández dijo que realizó la travesía para ayudar a su familia para que tenga una mejor vida”.

•   Pandillas de El Salvador causan decenas de miles de deserciones escolares
Sean Tjaden y Mike LaSusa, InSight Crime, 25 de julio de 2016
“Según datos del ministerio de educación salvadoreño, dados a conocer por El Diario de Hoy, el número de niños que abandonan sus estudios básicos se triplicó bruscamente de 13.000 en 2014 a 39.000 en 2015. Más aún, El Diario de Hoy informa que las cifras oficiales pueden no reflejar toda la magnitud del problema. Según el medio noticioso, un estudio realizado en 2015 por el sindicato nacional de maestros de El Salvador estimó que 100.000 estudiantes habían dejado la escuela, básicamente por amenazas de pandillas”.

•   Guatemala Risks Becoming a Failed State, Ex-President Says
Latin American Herald Tribune
“Vinicio Cerezo, who in 1991 became the first Guatemalan head of state in four decades to hand over power to a democratically elected successor, said the Central American nation faces dangerous consequences due to a failure to fully implement the 1996 Peace Accords… The Guatemalan governing apparatus is currently characterized by endemic incompetence and lethargy, resulting in an inability to fulfill its obligations, the 73-year-old attorney said.”

Mexican Enforcement

•   Criminal Groups Benefit from Mexico’s Crackdown on Migrants
Deborah Bonello, InSight Crime, July 28, 2016
“Criminal groups and corrupt officials are the main beneficiaries of a US inspired shift in Mexico’s policy that is endangering migrants, according to a new report, and the recent US decision to allow more Central American immigrants refugee status will do little to protect them from abuse south of the Rio Grande.”

•   US and Mexico’s Mass Deportations Have Fueled Humanitarian Crisis, Report Says
Nina Lakhani, The Guardian, July 27, 2016
“Mass deportations and inadequate asylum procedures in Mexico and the US have fueled a humanitarian crisis where desperate Central Americans seeking refuge from rampant violence are routinely preyed upon by criminal gangs and corrupt officials, according to a new report by the International Crisis Group (ICG)….Last year, Mexico deported 165,000 Central Americans, while the US expelled 75,000.”

•   Improving Migration and Refugee Protection Protocols
Office of the Press Secretary, The White House, July 22, 2016
“The United States and Mexico intend to develop a training program for Mexico’s National Migration Institute (INM) to begin in early 2017. This training will enhance INM’s capacity to identify and interview vulnerable populations, consistent with international standards. The training will also include repatriation best practices and provision of migrant services. This initiative builds upon recent commitments from the Government of Mexico to expand the number of asylum adjudicators and assistance personnel within the Mexican Commission of Aid to Refugees (COMAR). The training will include repatriation best practices and provision of migrant services.”

•   My Turn: Central Americans Are Running for their Lives but toward Detention and Deportation
Arnie Alpert, Concord Monitor, July 28, 2016
“Mexico apparently got the message. Since it introduced a new ‘Southern Border Program’ (or ‘Plan Frontera Sur’), apprehension and deportation of Central American migrants has gone up….So, while the program may reduce the number of migrants who reach the U.S. border, it worsens the real crisis.”

•   México levanta un muro invisible: deporta a 9 de cada 10 centroamericanos que van a EEUU
Patricia Vélez Santiago and Alejandro Fernández Sanabria, Univision, 15 de julio de 2016
“Nueve de cada 10 ciudadanos de El Salvador, Guatemala y Honduras presentados ante una autoridad migratoria en México fueron deportados en los primeros cuatro meses de este año… En ese período, 43,506 ciudadanos de las naciones que conforman el llamado Triángulo Norte fueron devueltos a sus países desde territorio mexicano… Los guatemaltecos detenidos tras ingresar a México en forma irregular fueron los más deportados (96%) entre enero y abril de este año, seguidos por los hondureños (92%) y los salvadoreños (87%), reflejaron los cálculos realizados”.

•   Crisis migratoria en albergues de Tijuana
Univision, 17 de julio de 2016
“…han sobrepasado los límites de la máxima capacidad. Estos lugares fueron creados para tendré un promedio de 20-30 extranjeros han sobrepasado los mil quinientos… los inmigrantes nacionales llegan huyendo de la violencia ya amenazas de muerte en su estado de origin… activistas dicen que la responsabilidad es del gobierno mexicano… está haciendo un llamado de parte de activistas pro inmigrantes para que se declare en conjunto entre los EEUU, Mexico, y paises centroamericano a eso como una crisis migratorio internacional…”

•   Tren “La Bestia” se descarriló en México por exceso de carga
teleSUR, 20 de julio de 2016
“La Casa-Refugio del Migrante ‘La 72’ de Tenosique, Tabasco (sureste de México), informó que la madrugada de este martes se descarriló el tren de carga conocido como ‘La Bestia’, que utilizan inmigrantes para cruzar la frontera de Guatemala a México… El refugio de migrantes apuntó que aunque no se registraron víctimas que lamentar ni lesionados, sobre ‘La Bestia’ viajaban aproximadamente unas 80 personas quienes se salvaron del hecho“.

•   Piden informes de las estaciones migratorias
Victor Ballinas,  La Jornada, 18 de julio de 2016
“La Comisión Permanente del Congreso solicitó al Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM), a la Coordinación General de la Comisión Mexicana de Ayuda a Refugiados (Comar) y a la Quinta Visitaduría de la Comisión Nacional de los Derechos Humanos (CNDH) un informe sobre las condiciones que privan en las estaciones migratorias del país, especialmente en la estación Siglo XXI, ubicada en Tapachula, Chiapas”.

•   México, potencia migratoria
Jean Meyer, El Universal, 7 de julio de 2016
“Pero cuando nos quejamos de la política migratoria de EU, que expulsa cada año una multitud de mexicanos, levanta vallas y muros, maltrata a los ilegales, cuando no asusta Donald Trump, olvidamos que Mexico es tambien una potencia migratoria que practica la expulsión masiva de los que entran por nuestra frontera del sur… El punto más llamativo y dramático es el siguiente: en 2015, Estados Unidos deportó 206  mil mexicanos y México deportó a su vez 203 mil extranjeros, centroamericanos en su gran mayoría”.

•   Mexico to Investigate Migrant Children Drowned off Pacific Coast
Anahi Rama, Reuters, July 22, 2016
“Initial findings suggest the children were with their father when the boat they were in capsized in heavy rain, prosecutors from the southern state of Chiapas said in a statement. The prosecutors office said the three victims were from El Salvador, but the Honduran foreign ministry said two of the children were Honduran. The prosecutors office did not return calls to clarify.”
Leer una versión en español

•   Violó INM amparo al deportar a hondureña encarcelada y absuelta de trata: abogadas
Elio Henriquez, La Jornada, 20 de julio de 2016
“Apuntaron que después de la intervención de la defensa y tres años de cárcel, Delmis fue absuelta el pasado primero de junio, pero el INM violó un amparo y la deportó. Agregaron que la defensa había solicitado que la diócesis de San Cristóbal de las Casas custodiara a la centroamericana, petición que fue rechazada a pesar de estar prevista en la Ley General de Migración”.

•   Mexico’s Other Border Problem Might be Its Biggest One
Karen Rodriguez, Newsy, July 27, 2016
“Activists accuse Mexico’s Southern Border Program of failing to protect migrants from corruption and extortion by government officials.”

U.S. Enforcement

•   Señor Presidente, basta ya de deportar a refugiados centroamericanos
Jessica Orellana, Univision, 25 de julio de 2016
“Si hemos visto un flujo constante de familias y jóvenes centroamericanos llegar a este país durante los últimos dos años, es porque las mujeres y los jóvenes en estos países han sido víctimas de abusos ineludibles por parte de pandillas y oficiales corruptos”.

•   We’re Helping Deport Kids to Die
Nicholas Kristof, The New York Times, July 16, 2016
“If other countries were forcibly returning people to their deaths, we would protest. But because we Americans worry about refugees swarming across our borders, we help pay for Mexico to intercept them along its southern border and send them — even children like Elena — back home, where they may well be raped or killed… Mexico doesn’t seriously screen most people for refugee status before sending them back. In the U.S. in 2014, only 3 percent of minors detained were deported; in Mexico it was 77 percent, according to the Migration Policy Institute.”
Leer en español

•   Mr. Obama’s Dubious Detention Centers
Editorial Board, The New York Times, July 18, 2016
“The family detention centers the Obama administration has been operating in Texas and Pennsylvania have been an expedient way to handle the soaring numbers of Central Americans, many of them young children, who have arrived at the Southern border since 2014. They give a sense that Homeland Security has the border situation under control, and they supposedly send a message to other would-be refugees not to come… It would be far better to to score a humanitarian victory by reuniting children and families, especially since data show that Central Americans with asylum claims are far more likely to show up in court — and win their cases — when they have lawyers.”

•   Protecting the Right to Counsel in Immigration Court
Kristie De Peña, The Hill, July 27, 2016
“Improving the speed and integrity of the process has become urgently necessary… Granting counsel in immigration cases will help in several ways. It allows overburdened immigration judges to offload tasks… expeditiously review copies of relevant documents provided by the Department of Homeland Security… coordinate translators ahead of hearings to translate applicants’ statements, identify the relevant facts, and present them clearly and concisely to the fact-finder.”

•   How Karla Ortiz, 11-year-old Daughter of Undocumented Immigrants, Made a Powerful Political Case
Janell Ross, The Washington Post, July 26, 2016
“An 11-year-old girl, accompanied by her mom, took the podium at the Democratic National Convention Monday night and brought the country inside her world….Every day as Karla makes her way to school she’s filled with a specific fear. That is the fear one or both of her parents may simply be gone, picked up by federal immigration officials and put on the path to deportation.”

•   Tim Kaine Interview on Unaccompanied Children, DREAMers, and Immigration Reform
Immigration Prof, Law Professor Blogs Network, July 25, 2016
Transcript of Tim Kaine’s interview with Rebeka Smyth aired on Telemundo.

•   Migrants Continue to Risk Lives Crossing US Border from Mexico
Greg Flakus, VOA News, July 25, 2016
“The desert, which straddles the U.S.-Mexico border, is a rocky, dry and mostly desolate area, especially on the north side of the border. In summer months, temperatures can exceed 40 degrees Centigrade. But thousands of people trudge across this desert every year… But many of these people are driven by poverty and, especially in the case of Central Americans, by fear of violence in their home nations. They say they have little choice but to try again and again.”

•   Border Poll Finds U.S.-Mexico Border Residents Overwhelmingly Value Mobility, Oppose Wall
Alfredo Corchado, The Dallas Morning News, Cronkite News, Univision News, July 18, 2016
“Residents who live along the U.S.-Mexico border overwhelmingly prefer bridges over fences and are dead set against building a new wall, according to a Cronkite News-Univision-Dallas Morning News poll. Outsiders may warn of imminent danger along the U.S.-Mexico border. But the poll found people who live here view themselves as part of a misunderstood community that wants easy mobility for daily commuting, less waiting on international bridge lines and an easier path to U.S. citizenship.”

•   Supreme Court to Consider Whether DHS Can Subject Noncitizens to Prolonged, Mandatory Detention
Kristin Macleod-Ball, Immigration Impact, July 11, 2016
“Last month, the Supreme Court announced that, in fall 2016, it will hear arguments in Jennings v. Rodriguez, a challenge to the prolonged detention of noncitizens in removal proceedings. At issue is whether the government can keep a noncitizen who is fighting her deportation case locked up for however long the notoriously lengthy proceedings last, or whether she must receive a bond hearing after she has been detained for six months, where an immigration judge will decide, on an individualized basis, whether continued detention is necessary.”

•   Continúa la ola de deportaciones de indocumentados
“Los ocho años de gobierno de Barack Obama han sido particularmente duros a lo que preocupa de gran manera la comunidad… … Juan José Gutiérrez asegura que es falso que los autoridades enfocan en personas con antecedentes criminales… ‘en la práctica sabemos.. que mas de cuarenta por ciento de los arrestados y arrestadas y deportados y deportadas son personas que no tienen record criminal…’”

•   White House Seeks Another Chance in Immigration Case
Julian Aguilar, Texas Tribune, July 18, 2016
“The Obama administration on Monday asked the U.S. Supreme Court to reconsider the legality of the president’s controversial immigration enforcement plan, which stalled last month when the high court deadlocked on an appeal…The filing for rehearing by the Department of Justice concedes the Supreme Court rarely rehears ordinary cases. But it argues it’s not unheard of when the court is missing a justice.”
Leer en español: Gobierno de EEUU pide revisar plan migratorio con 9 jueces

•   Sanctuary Cities Are Some of the Few Safe Havens for Undocumented Immigrants
Michelle Chen, The Nation, July 18, 2016
“In reality, the only thing consistent about immigration-law enforcement is that it has been consistently arbitrary. Advocacy groups have learned by now that they can rely on officialdom to recognize their rights, so they’re pressing for local resistance… Ultimately, the climate and conduct of local police’s handling of immigration issues involves negotiating power on the community level, not what’s said on the Senate floor or in executive orders.”

•   Federal Immigration Court System has Backlog of Over 50,000 Pending Cases
AP, The Oregonian, July 20, 2016
“The Justice Department’s Executive Office for Immigration Review said Wednesday there are now 500,051 pending immigration cases in the agency’s courts. The backlog has been steadily rising in recent years as the number of unaccompanied children and people traveling as families have been caught crossing the Mexican border illegally. Since 2011 more than 200,000 cases have been added to the court’s docket and backlog is likely to continue growing.”

•   Más de 65 mil hondureños deben acudir a cortes de migración de Estados Unidos
Proceso Digital, 24 de julio de 2016
“Pese a que los casos pendientes correspondientes a hondureños superan los 65 mil,  no es el grupo con mayor número de casos en pausas en las cortes de inmigración. En ese sentido, el estudio establece que los hondureños se posesionan en cuarto lugar en cuanto a mayor número de casos pendientes en las cortes de inmigración de EEUU. De los 496 mil 704 casos acumulados hasta finales de junio 128 mil 424 corresponden a mexicanos, 93 mil 510 a salvadoreños, 71 mil 911 a guatemaltecos y 65 mil 25 a hondureños, detalla”.

•   At Mexican Border, He Puts Emphasis on the Basic Rights of Migrants
Whitney Eulich, The Christian Science Monitor, July 21, 2016
“…part of the STHRC’s work is to help identify remains and inform worried families abroad about those who die here on their attempted journey north. The STHRC is a one-of-a-kind organization in this rural Texas county that also tries to prevent the deaths of migrants passing through this rough terrain….‘The conversation is all about border enforcement. But we are here to place an emphasis on human rights.’”

•   Number of Immigrants Caught at the Southwest Border Dip in June
Aaron Nelsen, San Antonio Express News, July 24, 2016
“Total apprehensions of unauthorized immigrants along the Southwest border fell in June to 34,463 from 40,349 the previous month, while the combined number of minors and families who entered the country illegally declined to 11,442 in June from 12,399 in May.”

•   Migrants and Smugglers Won’t Be Stopped by Donald Trump’s Wall, Ranchers Say
Dan Barry, The New York Times, July 24, 2016
“Ranchers near the Mexican border see smugglers and sometimes find bodies, but
they favor a different approach to illegal immigration from Donald J. Trump’s wall.”

•   Salvadoreños temen que Trump les quite el TPS si llega a la presidencia
Isaías Alvarado, La Opinión, 26 de julio de 2016
“Casi 200,000 salvadoreños en todo el país se volvieron a registrar en el TPS el año pasado. Quienes se reinscriban podrán permanecer bajo su protección por otros 18 meses, del 10 de septiembre de 2016 al 9 de marzo de 2018… Aunque Trump no se ha pronunciado específicamente sobre la eliminación del TPS -concedido a los originarios de más de una decena de países, como Nicaragua, Honduras, Ecuador y Haití-, se opone a otros alivios similares como DACA, que ayuda a los estudiantes indocumentados”.

Reports and Resources

•   Easy Prey: Criminal Violence and Central American Migration
International Crisis Group, July 28, 2016
“This report examines… the massive emigration of citizens who leave not just seeking a better life, but in many cases to save their lives. It is based on dozens of interviews with officials and experts in Mexico and Guatemala… on testimony of migrants themselves about the dangers in their countries of origin and on their journeys. The first section explores conditions along a historically porous border, the estimated dimensions of the flow of irregular migrants and refugees and the push/pull factors behind Central American migration, including how organised crime generates forced displacement. Then it looks at how criminal groups, including human trafficking networks, exploit migrants and refugees on their way through Guatemala and Mexico. The final sections analyse the region’s response to the humanitarian crisis, whether through inadequate asylum systems or meagre protection for deported migrants.”
Leer en español aquí

•   UNHCR Eligibility Guidelines for Assessing the International Protection Needs of Asylum-Seekers from Honduras
UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), July 27, 2016
“UNHCR Eligibility Guidelines are issued by the Office to assist decision-makers, including UNHCR staff, Governments and private practitioners, in assessing the international protection needs of asylum-seekers.”

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*The Central America/Mexico Migration News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.