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Colombia News Brief for November 12-18, 2016

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Welcome to LAWG’s Colombia News Brief, a compilation of the last week’s top articles and reports on issues of peace, justice, human rights, and more in Colombia.

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IMAGEN-16751432-2Source: Eliana Aponte / EL TIEMPO


Analysis of Revised Peace Accords

•   Colombia’s Revised Peace Accord
The Editorial Board, The New York Times, November 14, 2016
“Six weeks after Colombian voters narrowly rejected a peace agreement between the government and the country’s largest guerrilla group in a plebiscite vote, President Juan Manuel Santos over the weekend unveiled a revised accord that is a testament to what can be achieved through dialogue and compromise, even in a deeply polarized society.”

•   Las FARC y el Gobierno firmaron un mejor acuerdo
Juanita León & Juan Esteban Lewin, La Silla Vacía, 13 de noviembre de 2016
“Hoy, en medio de cierto afán y sin que los del No hubieran podido leer lo pactado, se firmó y se anunció el nuevo y definitivo Acuerdo de Paz con las FARC, poniendo así fin a la incertidumbre sobre el futuro de lo pactado después de que el acuerdo inicial fuera rechazado en las urnas el pasado 2 de octubre.”

•   Editorial: El nuevo acuerdo con las FARC
El Tiempo, 14 de noviembre de 2016
“Es de esperar que se llegue a un entendimiento general y que la oposición tenga nobleza y realismo.”

•   Conozca, uno a uno, los cambios en el acuerdo de paz
El Espectador, 14 de noviembre de 2016
“El país sabe que hay un nuevo acuerdo, los promotores del No ya manifiestan su inconformidad. ¿Son reales y de fondo las modificaciones? El Espectador se las presenta.”

•   Giving Peace a Second Chance in Colombia
Greg Grandin, The Nation, November 14, 2016
After the surprise public rejection of the first accord, a revised agreement to end decades of civil war just might squeak through.

•   Revised Colombian Peace Accord Released Today, Available Here
Ginny Bouvier, Colombia Calls, November 14, 2016
“Forty-one days after voters rejected a peace deal to end Colombia’s half-century old armed conflict, Colombian government and FARC-EP negotiators announced late Sunday night that they had completed a revised agreement.”

•   Key Changes to the New Peace Accord
Washington Office on Latin America, November 15, 2016
“In a display of political discipline and maturity unlike anything we’ve seen in Washington lately, Colombia’s government and the FARC guerrilla group have produced a new peace accord.”

•   Uribe critica que se haya cerrado el acuerdo sin mostrarlo a los voceros del No
El Espectador, 16 de noviembre de 2016
“En Twitter, el senador del Centro Democrático preguntó si el acuerdo estaba cerrado a nuevas modificaciones.”

•   As New Colombia Peace Plan Goes to Senate, Uribe Not Ready
Telesur, November 16, 2016
“Uribe says he is “not in a position” to debate the new Colombian peace plan which will be presented to Congress on Wednesday.”

•   Colombia’s Transitional Justice System ‘Needs 6 Months to Take Effect’
Adriaan Alsema, Colombia Reports, November 16, 2016
“Colombia’s transitional justice system that would prosecute the tens of thousands of war crimes committed during the country’s 52-year armed conflict needs at least six months to be set up, the senate president said Wednesday.”

•   ¿Se violó el cese al fuego? Gobierno y FARC chocan versiones
Semana, 16 de noviembre de 2016
“La muerte de dos miembros del frente 37 en combate al sur de Bolívar revive la vulnerabilidad en la que cayó la tregua bilateral y definitivo, una vez se postergó la implementación de los acuerdos.”

•   If at First You Don’t Succeed…
Economist, November 18, 2016
“According to Mr Santos, the result is a “renovated, adjusted, more precise and clarified” accord that takes account of many of the objections of the critics, led by Álvaro Uribe, his predecessor and now his chief foe.”

•   Santos se muestra decidido a llevar nuevo acuerdo de paz al Congreso
El Espectador, November 16, 2016
“El presidente aseguró que quiere implementar el proceso “lo más pronto posible”.”

•   Los pastores del No a los que no les gustó el nuevo acuerdo
Semana, 17 de noviembre de 2016
“Sus principales objeciones están relacionadas con el tema de género y con el hecho de no conocer las modificaciones finales del documento antes de ser publicadas por el Gobierno.”

•   Colombia: UN-Led Mechanism Investigating Alleged Ceasefire Violation
UN News Centre, November 17, 2016
“The tripartite Mechanism coordinated by the United Nations and comprising the Government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia-People’s Army (FARC-EP) has started investigations into a 15 November incident in the country’s Santa Rosa municipality that resulted in the deaths of two FARC-EP members.”

•   Even With a New Colombian Peace Deal, What Happens in the Countryside?
Michael Albertus, The Washington Post, November 13, 2016
There’s little indication that the latest deal improves the terms of rural reform, particularly the role of land access and rural development in ending the conflict.

•   Este es el acuerdo final y no hay espacio para nueva negociación: De la Calle
El Espectador, 15 de noviembre de 2016
“El jefe del equipo negociador de paz del Gobierno aseguró que el acuerdo, que incluye el 80% de las propuestas del No, se debe implementar “ya. No podemos perder tiempo”.”

•   Santos ‘Studying’ Paramilitary Successors’ Request to Take Part in Colombia Peace Process
Adriaan Alsema, Colombia Reports, November 14, 2016
“Colombia President Juan Manuel Santos will study paramilitary successor groups’ request to take part in an ongoing peace process with Marxist guerrillas, according to the governor of the Antioquia province.”

•   Acuerdo sobre la Jurisdicción Especial para la Paz y las víctimas
Semana, 15 de noviembre de 2016
“En el nuevo documento se le ponen límites a la JEP en cuanto a su duración y a su competencia respecto a los civiles. También se limita el enfoque de género solo a los derechos de las mujeres.”

•   Colombia Has a New Peace Deal, But Challenges Remain
Jeremy McDermott, Insight Crime, Monday, 14 November 2016
“Forty days after Colombia rejected a peace agreement between the government and FARC rebels, a second deal has been signed with 56 amendments, getting the peace process back on track. Nevertheless, huge challenges remain.”

•   Colombia’s New Peace Deal With FARC Likely to Bypass Opponents
Joe Parkin Daniels, The Christian Science Monitor, November 15, 2016
“After voters narrowly rejected the first peace deal with the guerrillas, President Santos is likely to send a revamped agreement to Congress for ratification. What will opponents do?”

•   Grupo de víctimas apoya el nuevo Acuerdo
Maria Victoria Correa, El Colombiano, 15 de noviembre de 2016
“Un grupo de cerca de 100 víctimas hicieron público un comunicado en el que respaldan el nuevo Acuerdo e hicieron un llamado a la unidad nacional en torno a la reconciliación. Además, están promoviendo una marcha para este martes en Bogotá.”

International Reactions to Revised Peace Accords

•   World Leaders Celebrate Colombia’s New Peace Deal
Adriaan Alsema, Colombia Reports, November 14, 2016
“World leaders have congratulated Colombia after its government and country’s largest guerrilla group, the FARC, reached a revised peace deal six weeks after voters rejected the initial pact.”

•   US Cheers Colombia’s Modified Peace Agreement With Rebels
Fox News, November 12, 2016
“Colombia’s government and its largest rebel group signed a new, modified peace accord on Saturday following the surprise rejection of an earlier deal by voters in a referendum.”

•   International Criminal Court to Evaluate Colombia Peace Deal Revisions
David Maas, Colombia Reports, November 15, 2016
“The Chief Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC), announced that the body will closely review changes in Colombia’s revised peace deal.”

•   Ban Commends Colombian Government and FARC-EP for Concluding Modified Peace Agreement
UN News Centre, November 13, 2016
“United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has commended the efforts by the Government of Colombia and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia- People’s Army (FARC-EP) to conclude a modified peace agreement that incorporates many of the proposals of the groups representing Colombians who voted “No” in the 2 October plebiscite, Mr. Ban’s spokesperson said today.”

•   Santos Stresses Bipartisan US Support for Colombia Peace
David Maas, Colombia Reports, November 17, 2016
“President Juan Manuel Santos met with top US officials on Thursday in an effort to promote continued support for Colombia’s peace process during the Trump administration.”

Human Rights and Civil Society

•   Comunicado a la opinión pública
Colombia, 14 de noviembre de 2016.
“Víctimas del conflicto armado respaldan el Nuevo Acuerdo de Paz, hacen un llamado a la
unidad nacional en torno a la reconciliación e invitan a apoyarlo mediante movilizaciones y
mecanismos de participación ciudadana.”

•   Condenan a 21 militares por ‘falsos positivos’ de Soacha
El Tiempo, 17 de noviembre de 2016
“Los uniformados son responsabilizados de presentar a jóvenes como muertos en combate en el año 2008.”

•   Colombia’s Santos Mulls Peace Pact With Escobar-Linked Paramilitary Groups
Telesur, November 14, 2016
“The most notorious right-wing paramilitary forces in Colombia have lived on after demobilizing in the form of drug trafficking and crimes syndicates.”

*The Colombia News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.