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Colombia News Brief for October 1-7, 2016

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Welcome to LAWG’s Colombia News Brief, a compilation of the last week’s top articles and reports on issues of peace, justice, human rights, and more in Colombia.

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Explaining the Referendum Vote

•   Atención: Gana el No en el plebiscito para la paz
Semana, 2 de octubre de 2016
“La victoria del No en las urnas con el 50,24 % pone en entredicho el proceso de paz con las FARC y deja a Colombia ad portas de una crisis institucional. ¿Qué va a pasar?”

•   Las víctimas votaron por el Sí
Semana, 2 de octubre de 2016
“Un vistazo a las regiones más afectadas por el conflicto permite ver una de las grandes paradojas de Colombia: quienes más muertos pusieron en la guerra apoyaron más el Acuerdo.”

•   Extreme Rainfall and Illegal Campaigning Mar Colombia Peace Vote: Observers
Brian Levesque, Colombia Reports, October 2, 2016
“Extreme rainfall and illegal campaigning by election officials are the greatest problems reported by electoral observers at Sunday’s referendum on peace with the Marxist FARC rebels.”

•   Most Affected Colombians Voted for Peace, Who Voted ‘No’?
TeleSur, 2 de octubre de 2016
“Looking closely at the geographical distribution of the vote, it seems that the “No” vote received more support in Colombian departments that are not as affected by the armed conflict.”

•   Antioquia, Santanderes y Eje, regiones que dieron el triunfo al ‘No’
El Tiempo, 3 de octubre de 2016
“Aunque 19 de los 32 departamentos de Colombia apoyaron los acuerdos de paz entre el gobierno Santos y las FARC, los votos fueron insuficientes para imponerse sobre el ‘No’.”

•   Why War-Torn Colombia Didn’t Vote for Peace
Nick Miroff, The Washington Post, October 3, 2016
“Colombia’s president moved quickly Monday to try to keep alive a peace bid with Marxist rebels after voters issued a shocking rejection of the pact — throwing into doubt efforts to end five decades of conflict and leaving both sides scrambling to plot their next moves.”

•   El veredicto final fue No
Verdad Abierta, 3 de octubre de 2016
“Con una participación que se ubicó en el 34.58 por ciento, los colombianos decidieron no apoyar el Acuerdo para la Terminación del Conflicto y la Construcción de una Paz Estable y Duradera. Ahora, todas las preguntas giran en torno a qué pasará con el proceso de paz.”

•   Deep Scars and Complacency Defeated Colombia’s Peace Deal
Kirk Semple & Nicholas Casey, The New York Times, October 3, 2016
“Lulled by the polls, the government failed to drive Colombians to the ballot box, resulting in anemic turnout in places that favored the deal. President Juan Manuel Santos had staked his legacy on achieving peace, but his approval ratings were so low that his endorsement may have actually hurt the deal’s chances.”

•   Colombia Didn’t Really Vote ‘No’ to Peace, It Mainly Didn’t Vote At All
Adriaan Alsema, Colombia Reports, October 3, 2016
“Colombia’s referendum on peace with the FARC, the country’s most important vote in recent history, had a stunningly low turnout of less than 38%, demonstrating how few Colombians participate in politics in spite the consequences.”

•   Colombian Rebel Chief: Referendum Is Not Binding
Latin American Herald Tribune, October 3, 2016
The referendum by which Colombians rejected the peace accord between the government and the FARC “has no judicial effect whatsoever,” the top leader of the guerrilla group said on Monday.

•   Did Human Rights Watch Sabotage Colombia’s Peace Agreement?
Greg Grandin, The Nation, October 3, 2016
“The peace deal, which was worked out during years of negotiations, mostly in Havana, was more aspirational than binding, offering hope that one of the world’s longest-running conflicts would come to an end.”

•   Human Rights Watch Statement on the Result of the National Plebiscite on the Peace Agreement With the FARC
José Miguel Vivanco, Human Rights Watch, October 3, 2016
We celebrate President Juan Manuel Santos’ decision to continue the peace negotiations with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) guerrillas.

•   Understanding Colombia’s Vote Against the Peace Accords and What Lies Ahead: Especially for Churches Working for Peace
Michael Joseph, Colombia Calling, October 4, 2016
“My colleagues, friends and I watched, somewhat in shock, as report after report came in yesterday showing that the No vote had won in Colombia´s plebiscite on the peace accords that just a week earlier had been signed between the Government of Colombia and the FARC guerrilla.”

•   Why Referendums Aren’t as Democratic as They Seem
The New York Times, Amanda Taub and Max Fisher, October 4, 2016
“The voters of the world have had quite a year: They rejected Colombia’s peace deal; split Britain from the European Union; endorsed a Thai Constitution that curtails democracy; and, in Hungary, backed the government’s plan to restrict refugees, but without the necessary turnout for a valid result.”

•   How Colombia’s Voters Rejected Peace
Jon Lee Anderson, The New Yorker, October 4, 2016
“People everywhere may well be confused by the news coming out of Colombia. Last Monday, September 26th, in an elaborately staged treaty-signing ceremony in Cartagena de Indias, a colonial-era Caribbean city, President Juan Manuel Santos and Rodrigo Londoño Echeverri, alias Timochenko, the leader of the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, declared that the country’s fifty-two-year civil war was over.”

•   The Stunning Collapse of Colombia’s Peace Agreement With the FARC, Explained
Jennifer Williams, Vox, October 4, 2016
“On Sunday, Colombian voters narrowly rejected the government’s peace deal with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, in a stunning referendum vote that has thrown the peace process into disarray.”

•   Con el NO, pierden los campesinos desplazados por la violencia
Carlos Hernán Montoya Suárez, Agencia de Prensa IPC, 4 de octubre de 2016
“Uno de los temores de algunos promotores del NO en el plebiscito por la paz, era que el tema agrario estuviera en la agenda nacional.”

•   Colombia’s Right-Wing Populist Movement Defeated the Peace Deal. Here’s How We Know
Jennifer Cyr and Carlos Meléndez, The Washington Post, October 4, 2016
“Uribe’s active campaigning against the peace deal and his success in helping to defeat it has helped secure his position as one of Colombia’s most important political figures.”

•   The Wrong Choice in Colombia
Andrew Reiter, US News and World Report, October 4, 2016
“Colombians in a nation-wide referendum voted against the peace agreement signed by the government and the FARC rebel group. Colombians made the wrong choice for the wrong reasons.”

•   En porcentaje: así fueron los votos por el SÍ en Colombia
Agencia de Prensa IPC, October 4, 2016
“En la imagen se puede apreciar como en las regiones donde el SÍ ganó, los porcentajes estuvieron por encima del 50 y 60 por ciento.”

•   Gender Identity, and Other Reasons Colombians Rejected Their Peace Deal That Had Nothing to Do With the Peace Deal
Ana Campoy, Quartz, October 4, 2016
“Colombians were asked a simple yes or no question during a historic plebiscite on Oct. 2: Do you approve the peace deal negotiated between the government and FARC, the country’s largest guerrilla organization, to end their 50-year conflict? The outcome, by the thinnest of margins: no.”

•   Weekly Chart: Colombia’s No Vote by the Numbers
Holly K. Sonneland, Americas Society/Council of the Americas, October 5, 2016
“Analysts hurried to explain reasons that contributed to the vote against peace, citing everything from more effective propaganda from the No side, to President Juan Manuel Santos’ deep unpopularity among voters, and even a divisive issue of sexual education in schools that came up this summer and.”

•   Del Acuerdo de Santa Fe de Ralito al No contra las FARC
Verdad Abierta, 5 de octubre de 2016
“Hace 15 años el expresidente Álvaro Uribe y su equipo de trabajo comenzaron a diseñar un modelo de justicia transicional para aplicar a los paramilitares una vez dejaran sus armas y se desmovilizaran. Las primeras propuestas del senador del Centro Democrático distan de los reclamos que hoy le hace al acuerdo del gobierno nacional con este grupo guerrillero.”

•   How Rejected FARC Peace Deal Compares to Earlier Paramilitary Pact
Mimi Yagoub, InSight Crime, October 5, 2016
“The deal with the FARC is often compared to the “Justice and Peace Law,” the legislation passed in 2005 to open the door for right-wing paramilitary groups to demobilize. To be sure, many major points of the accord with the FARC are similar to the deal with the paramilitaries, notwithstanding some slight but important differences, which a slim majority of Colombians ultimately deemed unacceptable in the case of the FARC.”

•   Press release – Colombia: Plebiscite Result is Disappointing But Peace is Irreversible, Say MEPs
European Parliament, New Europe, October 5, 2016
“The rejection in last Sunday’s plebiscite of the peace deal agreed by the Colombian government and the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia (FARC) was a disappointment, but it does not compromise the peace process, which a majority of MEPs consider “irreversible”.”

•   Can Colombia Overcome Fear to Achieve Peace?
Jaime Abello Banfi, The New York Times, October 5, 2016
“The president of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, reacted to his defeat in Sunday’s peace deal plebiscite by calling on all sides, and especially former President Álvaro Uribe, to open a dialogue that eventually would lead back to the negotiating table.”

•   Colombia: Disturbing the Peace
John Feffer, Foreign Policy in Focus, October 5, 2016
“Should we rethink the way voters weigh in directly on matters of national security and international relations?”

•   What Displaced Colombians Living Abroad Think About the Peace Efforts
Jeffrey D. Pugh, The Conversation, October 5, 2016
“As a conflict resolution professor in the U.S. and director of a peacebuilding NGO in Ecuador, I have conducted dozens of interviews and hundreds of surveys with Colombian refugees in six provinces of Ecuador over more than a decade. This research provides a useful context for analyzing the effects of the Colombian peace process and the rejection of the current deal on neighboring countries and the region.”

•   Did an Anti-LGBT Panic Help Defeat Colombia’s Peace Deal?
Brendan O’Boyle, Americas Quarterly, October 6, 2016
“An unrelated controversy over gender identity helped mobilize Colombia’s social conservatives against the FARC peace agreement.”

•   The “Spiral of Silence”: How Pollsters Got the Colombia-FARC Peace Deal Vote so Wrong
Matt Moffett, Vox, October 6, 2016
“Colombian voters’ rejection on Sunday of a peace agreement to end the country’s 52-year conflict with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia, or FARC, was a backbreaking defeat for the Bogota government. It was also an embarrassment for Colombian pollsters, who were so confident the accord would be approved that they muffed their country’s most consequential election in a generation.”

•   Inside Colombia’s Failed Referendum on Peace
Andrea Fernández Aponte, Nation and States, October 7, 2016
“The threat of returning to violence looms over Colombia. And while yet another falling out would affect all Colombians, it is necessary to point out that those living in areas that have seen the most violence will be disproportionately affected if the war resumes. The victims of the conflict had the biggest stake in the referendum. The “No” win was a huge loss for them—both because of their past and their now uncertain future.”

After the Referendum, What Next?

•   “No me rendiré, seguiré buscando la paz hasta el último momento de mi mandato”
Semana, 2 de octubre de 2016
“El presidente Juan Manuel Santos anuncia que el cese al fuego bilateral y definitivo seguirá vigente y convoca a quienes votaron por el No para encontrar el camino a seguir.”

•   “Las FARC mantienen su voluntad de paz”: ‘Timochenko’
Semana, 2 de octubre de 2016
“En un corto pronunciamiento, el máximo jefe de las FARC aseguró que el grupo guerrillero “quiere la paz” y usarán sólo la “palabra” para construirla.”

•   Renegociar el acuerdo de paz: ¿Es posible?
Semana, 3 de octubre de 2016
“Al Gobierno le llevó cuatro años llegar a un pacto con las FARC. Estos son los cinco puntos que podrían volver muy compleja la nueva negociación sobre lo pactado que se abrió con el uribismo.”

•   Ban Ki-moon envía a Cuba a su enviado especial tras No en el plebiscito
El Espectador, 3 de octubre de 2016
“El secretario general de la ONU afirmó que hubiera preferido que el resultado del plebiscito fuera “diferente”.”

•   “La perspectiva de paz continúa”: ‘Timochenko’
El Espectador, 3 de octubre de 2016
“El máximo comandante de las FARC manifestó que existe una voluntad entre las dos partes para sacar adelante el proceso. “Desde hace mucho tiempo le estamos planteando al Gobierno que es necesario un pacto político en Colombia”.”

•   “Es el momento de encontrar una paz que nos una todos”: Peñalosa
El Espectador, 3 de octubre de 2016
“Tras conocer los resultados del plebiscito, el alcalde de Bogotá respaldó al presidente e invitó a ver esta situación como una oportunidad para hacer una gran unión por Colombia.”

•   De la Calle pone su cargo a disposición del presidente Santos
El Espectador, 3 de octubre de 2016
““No seré obstáculo para lo que sigue”, señaló el jefe del equipo negociador del Gobierno en La Habana.”

•   De la Calle puso a disposición su cargo como jefe negociador
El Tiempo, 3 de octubre de 2016
“Señaló que asume “la responsabilidad política” de la derrota en el plebiscito por la paz.”

•   A Post-“No” Recovery Requires Quick Action and Realism About What is Achievable
Washington Office on Latin America, October 3, 2016
‘The FARC’s leadership says it will continue to seek peace. The leading proponents of the “no” vote, especially former President Álvaro Uribe, say they want dialogue with the Santos government on a “better” accord. Still, in the new post-plebiscite reality, those who seek war are more likely to get it.”

•   After Voters Reject Peace Deal With FARC, What’s Next For Colombia?
NPR, Camila Domonoske, October 3, 2016
“Terms were agreed on, a deal was finalized, the accord was signed — and then, in a stunning turn of events, the people of Colombia voted against the agreement in a national referendum Sunday…. So. What now?”

•   What’s Next for Colombia and FARC?
J. Weston Phippen, The Atlantic, October 3, 2016
“Uncertainty dominates Colombia after voters rejected a deal that would have officially ended the country’s 52-year war with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC).”

•   Los líderes políticos de Colombia tratan de salvar el proceso de paz tras el ‘no’ a los acuerdos
Javier Lafuente, El País, 3 de octubre de 2016
“Colombia trata de digerir aún el resultado del plebiscito de este domingo. El rechazo en las urnas al acuerdo entre el Gobierno y las FARC, que nadie supo predecir, obliga a la élite política y a la guerrilla a tratar de consolidar la unión de un país fracturado en dos.”

•   Colombia’s ‘No’ Vote Leaves FARC in Dangerous Limbo
Jeremy McDermott, InSight Crime, October 3, 2016
“The fallout of the political bombshell detonated by Colombia’s narrow rejection of the peace agreement negotiated by President Juan Manuel Santos and the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia – FARC) is still unfolding.”

•   Colombia Rejects Deal to End FARC Conflict: What Happens Next?
Euan McKirdy and Rafael Romo, CNN, October 3, 2016
“In the weeks leading up to Sunday’s vote, many Colombians were angered by what they saw as insufficient punishment for those who perpetrated a litany of crimes against their people.”

•   Voters Said “No” to Peace in Colombia. What’s Next?
Vanda Felbab-Brown, Brookings, October 3, 2016
“Colombia and the world were shocked Sunday night when a Colombian national referendum on the peace accord with the country’s main leftist guerrilla group rejected the deal. The margin for “no” was razor-thin: With some 13 million people voting, 50.2 percent opposed the deal while 49.8 percent supported it.”

•   Uribe propone amnistía a guerrilleros sin condenas y “alivio judicial” a policías y soldados
El Espectador, 3 de octubre de 2016
“El expresidente y hoy senador, uno de los principales voceros del “No” que se impuso este domingo en el plebiscito, empezó a manifestarse sobre el redireccionamiento al proceso de paz que rechazó la mayoría de colombianos.”

•   U.S. Scrambles to Support Santos After Shock Defeat of Peace Deal
John Hudson, Foreign Policy, October 3, 2016
“The setback in Bogota also dealt a blow to Washington, which had been banking on a settlement after spending more than $10 billion over 16 years to combat the FARC.”

•   Morales: Colombia Needs to Guarantee Peace with Social Justice
Latin American Herald Tribune, October 3, 2016
“Bolivian President Evo Morales said Monday that Colombia needs to guarantee that peace prevails there by implementing social justice, after the triumph of the “No” option in the weekend referendum on the peace pact Bogota signed with the FARC guerrillas.”

•   As Colombian Voters Reject Peace Deal, Ban Pledges UN Support as Country Seeks Way Forward
UN News Centre, October 3, 2016
“In the wake of a referendum that defeated the peace accord signed by the President of Colombia and the country’s largest rebel group just days ago, United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon commended the parties for their determination, saying he believed peace could still be achieved and that all Colombians who had committed to ending the 50-year conflict should not be discouraged.”

•   Los costos políticos del plebiscito
El Espectador, 4 de octubre de 2016
“Renunció la ministra Gina Parody y corren voces de más salidas. Humberto de la Calle puso su cargo a disposición del presidente ayer, pero este lo ratificó como jefe del equipo negociador.”

•   “Va a ser una diálogo rápido y eficiente”: Luis Carlos Villegas
El Espectador, 4 de octubre de 2016
“En entrevista con RCN Radio, el ministro de Defensa explicó que ya se comunicó con los delegados del Centro Democrático y les pidió que su primera reunión se haga lo más pronto posible.”

•   Hora de escuchar a la oposición
El Espectador, 4 de octubre de 2016
“Tras una reunión en la Casa de Nariño, los partidos que respaldan el proceso de paz con las FARC ratificaron su apoyo al presidente Santos. El uribismo, que no acudió al encuentro, nombró tres compromisarios para dialogar.”

•   Las tres primeras propuestas de Uribe para seguir con proceso de paz
El Tiempo, 4 de octubre de 2016
“El exmandatario planteó varios puntos para conversar: amnistías y alivio a militares, entre ellos.”

•   Las condiciones que tendrían las FARC para cambiar acuerdo de justicia
El Tiempo, 4 de octubre de 2016
“Abogado de las FARC propone que presidente y expresidentes estén incluidos en justicia transicional.”

•   “Yo voy allá si me da la cita”: Uribe a Santos
Semana, 4 de octubre de 2016
El senador del Centro Democrático pidió públicamente una reunión al presidente de la República para exponer sus preocupaciones frente al proceso de paz. Se espera la respuesta del mandatario.

•   Uribe Proposes Compromises With FARC Already in Colombia Peace Deal
Brian Levesque, Colombia Reports, October 4, 2016
“In his first contribution to a peace deal between Colombia’s government and FARC rebels, former President Alvaro Uribe made proposals already agreed to in a signed pact he helped sink in a referendum on Sunday.”

•   El acuerdo de paz del Gobierno y las Farc sí tiene salida
Francisco Barbosa, El Tiempo, October 4, 2016
‘El veto popular se impone al Presidente de la República, pero no al Congreso ni mucho menos a la Corte Constitucional, que deberá pronunciarse sobre los actos legislativos a favor de la paz.

•   Diálogo amplio nacional para salvar el Acuerdo de Paz
Colectivo de Abogados José Alvear Restrepo, 4 de octubre de 2016
“El Colectivo de Abogados “José Alvear Restrepo”, Cajar, organización que ha dedicado su existencia a la defensa de derechos humanos y a la construcción de paz en Colombia, frente al resultado electoral del plebiscito por la paz, y las salidas que se han propuesto para avanzar en el cumplimiento del Acuerdo Final de La Habana, llama a todas las fuerzas concernidas a encontrar un compromiso urgente para salvar el proceso entre el gobierno y las Farc-EP.”

•   ‘No’ Vote on Peace Deal Could Cost Colombia a Little US Aid
Voice of America, October 4, 2016
“Colombia’s rejection of a deal to end 52 years of civil war will not end U.S. plans to send significant aid next year, although it might prompt lawmakers to keep back some of the $450 million that had been expected, congressional aides said Tuesday.”

•   Colombia Pact’s Foes Seek Jail for FARC Rebels
Sara Schaefer Muñoz & Kejal Vyas, Wall Street Journal, October 5, 2016
“FARC commanders who have committed atrocities should go to jail, two leaders in Álvaro Uribe’s conservative party said, a day before the former president was expected to hammer home that tough stance in a face-to-face meeting with President Juan Manuel Santos.”

•   Enviado especial de EE.UU. viaja a La Habana para apoyar renegociación de acuerdo de paz
El Espectador, 5 de octubre de 2016
“El enviado de EE.UU. para el proceso de paz, el diplomático Bernie Aronson, viajará a La Habana a petición de las partes con el fin de apoyar el trabajo del Gobierno colombiano sobre el acuerdo de paz con la guerrilla FARC.”

•   Pastrana, promotor del No, pidió a Santos activar de inmediato las zonas de concentración
El Espectador, 5 de octubre de 2016
“En la reunión que se llevó a cabo en la Casa de Nariño, el expresidente aceptó que el acuerdo final tiene muchas cosas que rescatar, pero también otras que implementar.”

•   Kerry Sends Envoy Back to Havana to Attend Colombia Peace Process Crisis
Adriaan, Alsema, Colombia Reports, October 5, 2016
United States Secretary of State John Kerry sent Special Envoy to Colombia’s peace talks back to Havana to assist in crisis negotiations that follow the rejection of a peace deal with the FARC in a referendum on Sunday.

•   ‘La voluntad de paz de las víctimas debe ser respetada’
El Tiempo, 5 de octubre de 2016
“Las víctimas de Bojayá rechazan límite al cese al fuego y piden reunirse con Santos.”

•   Víctimas y organizaciones de DDHH de Antioquia se pronuncian sobre diálogo político
Agencia de Prensa IPC, 5 de octubre de 2016
“Ante el desconcertante resultado del Plebiscito por la Paz, celebrado el pasado domingo 2 de octubre, las organizaciones de víctimas y de derechos humanos del departamento de Antioquia, abajo firmantes, expresamos a la opinión pública nacional e internacional lo siguiente.”

•   Background Briefing on the Colombia Peace Process
U.S. Department of State, October 5, 2016
“President Santos has made it clear that he is open to and seeks a dialogue with those who voted no as well as those who didn’t vote at all, to see if he can build a new national consensus that will allow for a final peace settlement.”

•   Uribe avanza más en su coalición que en la discusión del Acuerdo
Juanita León & Juan Esteban Lewin, La Silla Vacia, 5 de octubre de 2016
“Hay muchas formas de interpretar la reunión que acaba de terminar entre el ex presidente Álvaro Uribe y Juan Manuel Santos…”

•   Guerrilleros de las FARC comenzaron a movilizarse de los Llanos del Yarí a sus campamentos
El Espectador, 6 de octubre de 2016
Los mandos medios de la guerrilla recibieron la orden desde La Habana como medida de seguridad ante el posible fin del cese el fuego bilateral.

•   Letter to President Santos on Future of Peace Process
José Miguel Vivanco, Human Rights Watch, October 6, 2016
“Human Rights Watch fully supports your government’s efforts to reach a viable agreement to end decades of violent conflict and advance the protection of fundamental rights in Colombia. We therefore commend your commitment to renewing negotiations in the aftermath of the plebiscite that rejected the original agreement.”

•   Colombia’s Students Succeed Where Politicians Failed: Mobilize Masses for Peace
Adriaan Alsema, Colombia Reports, October 6, 2016
“Supporters of peace are organizing major peace marches throughout Colombia, achieving where Colombia’s political class failed: convincing people to participate politically in favor of peace.”

•   Así se vivió la multitudinaria marcha por la paz en Colombia
CNN Español, 5 de octubre de 2016
“Una marcha multitudinaria por la paz se realizó en 14 ciudades de Colombia. Las manifestaciones fueron convocadas por estudiantes de 26 universidades para exigir un acuerdo tras el rechazo de lo pactado con las FARC en el plebiscito del pasado domingo.”

•   Uribismo regaña a Juan Carlos Vélez y niega estrategia en el No
El Tiempo, 6 de octubre de 2016
“Vélez dijo que campaña se basó en “dejar de explicar los acuerdos” de paz firmados con las FARC.”

•   ¡Acuerdo ya!, fue la proclama de la marcha por la paz de Colombia
El Tiempo, 6 de octubre de 2016
“Una extensa mancha blanca recorrió en la tarde del miércoles el centro de Bogotá, entre el Planetario Distrital y la plaza de Bolívar. A su paso se escuchaban proclamas como “¡Acuerdo ya!” y “¡Yo soy paz!”.”

•   El silencio y la paz
Juanita León & Juanita Vélez, La Silla Vacia, 6 de octubre de 2016
“Ayer en la noche, por varios minutos, en la Plaza de Bolívar en Bogotá solo se oyeron los ladridos de los perros. Fue un silencio poderoso, convocado por universitarios, para marchar por la paz y contra la guerra.”

•   Estudiantes y educadores para superar el ‘pazxit’
Óscar Sánchez, El Tiempo, 5 de octubre de 2016
“El camino ahora es más largo, pero si lo transitamos reflexivamente, con los maestros, los estudiantes, las escuelas, las universidades y la sociedad que cree en los niños, niñas y jóvenes como prioridad, será un camino más sólido.”

•   Colombia Conflict Victim Urges ‘No’ Voters to Forgive FARC
Wyre Davies, BBC News, October 6, 2016
“At the height of the conflict between the Colombian government and left-wing FARC guerrillas, Mr Bermudez – then a 26-year-old policeman – was on patrol in a rural area in the south of the country when he stepped on a landmine.”

•   How Colombia Peace Crisis Could Shake Up Criminal Landscape
Mimi Yagoub, Insight Crime, October 6, 2016
“Colombia’s surprise rejection of a peace agreement between the government and the hemisphere’s longest-running insurgency could push rebel factions to abandon the tenuous peace process and return to criminal activities.”

•   Ley de Justicia y Paz para las FARC, un camino inviable
Diana Durán Núñez, El Espectador, 6 de octubre de 2016
“El fiscal Néstor Humberto Martínez propuso aplicar la Ley 975 de 2005, diseñada para los paramilitares, a las FARC. Expertos sostienen que es descabellado.”

•   Saving Colombia’s Peace
The Economist, October 6, 2016
“In a plebiscite on October 2nd Colombians made fools of the opinion pollsters and voted to reject his government’s peace agreement with the FARC guerrillas by the narrowest of margins—less than 0.5%.”

•   Colombia’s Peace Deal Rejection Returns Álvaro Uribe to Political Limelight
Sibylla Brodzinsky, The Guardian, October 7, 2016
“The former Colombian president may find his hand strengthened if fresh talks take place with FARC rebels.”

Nobel Peace Prize for President Santos

•   Colombia’s President, Juan Manuel Santos, Is Awarded Nobel Peace Prize
Nicholas Casey, New York Times, October 7, 2016
The president of Colombia was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize on Friday for pursuing a deal to end 52 years of conflict with a leftist rebel group, the longest-running war in the Americas, just five days after Colombians rejected the agreement in a shocking referendum result.

•   “Nobel es un mandato para seguir trabajando por la paz”: Santos
El Espectador, 7 de octubre de 2016
“El presidente Juan Manuel Santos dedicó el galardón a las víctimas del conflicto e invitó a todas las fuerzas políticas a alcanzar la paz de Colombia.”

•   Uribe felicita a Santos por Nobel y desea que “conduzca a cambiar acuerdos dañinos”
El Espectador, 7 de octubre de 2016
“El expresidente y ahora senador felicitó al primer mandatario por haber sido galardonado con el premio Nobel de paz.”

•   El apoyo a Santos tras ganar el Nobel se hace más fuerte
El Espectador, 7 de octubre de 2016
“Desde distintas esquinas le han mandado al presidente Santos felicitaciones y le recuerdan que deben seguir adelante con el proceso.”

•   Colombian President Wins Nobel Peace Prize for Rejected Peace Deal
Joshua Keating, Slate, October 7, 2016
“The Norwegian Nobel Committee has thrown some curveballs over the past decade, with prizes for Barack Obama in 2009 and the European Union in 2012, but this year’s award to President Juan Manuel Santos for his work to end the long-running conflict in Colombia, just days after voters narrowly rejected the peace agreement he had negotiated, is still a head-scratcher.”

•   ‘Recibo el premio en nombre de todas las víctimas’: Presidente
El Tiempo, 7 de octubre de 2016
“Debemos unirnos para culminar este proceso de paz: dijo el mandatario desde la Casa de Nariño.”

 *The Colombia News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.