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Migration News Brief 4.2.21

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Migration News Brief for April 2, 2021 

Source: Frank_am_Main, Flickr

A compilation of recent top articles and reports related to issues of U.S. immigration and enforcement policy and migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish). Please feel free to send us recommendations or requests for upcoming news briefs: lalvarez@lawg.org.

 

Spotlight

#WelcomeWithDignity Families and Children at our border
Lauri Alvarez, Latin America Working Group, March 30, 2021
“People are fleeing increasing violence, political unrest, food insecurity, and countries destroyed by natural disasters. Even now, instead of refuge they are greeted with a flight back to these same dangers because Title 42, an order implemented by the Trump Administration under the guise of the pandemic, is still in place. It’s time that we hold our administration accountable to restoring dignity at our border and welcoming migrants with compassion and respect. Join us to make the call to #WelcomeWithDignity!”

What’s going on at the U.S. border & what is Title 42?
Daniella Burgi-Palomino & Lauri Alvarez, Latin America Working Group Education Fund, March 30, 2021
“If they’re not sent back to Mexico, families and single adults are placed on a plane shortly after being apprehended. There is no immigration proceeding or screening for protection. Sometimes flights to certain countries include migrants who have been deported from detention centers within the United States and migrants who have been expelled from the border on the same plane. Some flights make multiple stops in the United States to pick up migrants before departing. Many countries that migrants are returned to are still struggling to get the pandemic under control and do not have the infrastructure to welcome these returned migrants safely. In Guatemala, Honduras, and El Salvador, there is little support for returned migrants beyond the initial reception centers and the heroic but limited effort of some community and faith organizations that seek to provide migrants with alternatives once they’re in their communities.”

COVID-19

General

Latin America’s latest Covid surge could be worse than last year’s, experts warn
Reuters, NBC News, April 1, 2021
“Director Carissa Etienne said the end of the Southern Hemisphere summer, following holidays where people grouped together and spread cases, had prompted spikes. She urged citizens to stay at home and governments to think hard before lowering movement restrictions. So far this year, over 19.7 million COVID cases and 475,000 related deaths have been reported in the Americas, she said. Vaccines are rolling out – 124 million people have received one dose and 58 million have received two, PAHO said.”

DEA Report: Drug Traffickers Adapt to COVID-19 Crisis
Katya Bleszynska, InSIght Crime, March 23, 2021
“While COVID-19-related restrictions on vehicle transit between countries and global maritime shipping impacted cocaine networks early in the pandemic, the drug’s availability and pricing were ultimately unaffected in the United States. This is a clear indicator there is still a massive amount of cocaine flowing from South America and that the ‘supply chain remains intact,’ states the DEA report. Coca cultivation and cocaine production in South America have remained at near record levels.”

United States

For many migrants able to cross US border, there’s often chaos, COVID tests and then relief
Rick Jervis, USA Today, March 27, 2021
“Border agents are still returning many migrants — including families — to Mexico under a federal rule aimed at stopping the spread of COVID-19. But many others are being processed in. Church groups and local governments in the Rio Grande Valley have been coordinating efforts through weekly Zoom calls and providing key services — such as COVID-19 testing — as the families are apprehended by U.S. Border Patrol and quickly released into towns en route to their final U.S. destinations to await court hearings.”

El Salvador

El Salvador says to receive 1 mln vaccines from China on Sunday
Nelson Renteria, Reuters, March 27, 2021
“El Salvador’s president Nayib Bukele said on Saturday that 1 million Sinovac vaccines against COVID-19 would arrive in the Central American country early on Sunday from China. Writing on Twitter, Bukele said the vaccines were already en route and part of a purchase El Salvador made with Sinovac.”

Honduras

Suben a 187 mil 105 los contagios y 4 mil 557 las muertes por COVID-19 en Honduras
Proceso Digital, 27 de marzo de 2021
“Se confirmaron 678 nuevos casos de dos mil 742 pruebas PCR procesadas por el Laboratorio de Virología. Además, Sinager informó las muertes de 21 personas: 18 en el municipio del Distrito Central, uno en Choloma, uno en Macuelizo y uno en San Francisco de Ojuera. También se anunció la recuperación en las últimas horas de 357 pacientes, por lo tanto, el total de recuperados ascendió a 781 mil 394. Sobre el estado de salud de mil 012 personas hospitalizadas, 535 se encuentran estables, 416 en estado de gravedad y 61 permanecen en las unidades de cuidados intensivos (UCI)”.

Salud: Casos de COVID-19 podrían aumentar en un 20 % tras Semana Santa
Felipe Valencia, Tiempo Digital, 27 de marzo de 2021
“El médico consideró que después del feriado es posible que los nuevos contagiados no encuentren un cupo en los distintos triajes del país. En ese sentido, destacó que la ocupación de los hospitales en las salas COVID ronda entre el 75 y 85 %. `Esperamos que luego del retorno, después de esta semana, muchos de los compatriotas que viajan a diferentes lugares, pueden llevar o traer el virus’, actoto”.

Mexico

Mexico’s indirect COVID-19 deaths may be over 120,000
Medical Xpress, March 31, 2021
“Fear may not have been the only factor. Many hospitals in Mexico simply did not have room for non-COVID-19 patients, or treatment may have been delayed because ambulances were tied up during the pandemic, or because some hospitals would not treat emergency patients until they had been tested for the coronavirus. Not including the indirect deaths, officials list 322,263 deaths directly caused by COVID-19.”

U.S. Enforcement

Immigrants with temporary status have grown deep roots in US
Amy Taxin, Jeff Roberson, Marcos Alemán , The Washington Post, April 2, 2021
“More than half of those with the status are from El Salvador, which was designated for the program after a 2001 earthquake. Many Salvadorans who initially qualified for TPS had fled their country after a civil war and have set down roots in communities from California to Arkansas. Most have no plan of returning to a country that still sees thousands leave each year in search of economic stability and safety from gangs.”

The CDC must rescind a misguided policy tying asylum seekers to COVID
Juliana Morris, Dona Kim Murphey, Ranit Mishori, The Hill, April 1, 2021
“This week, advocates across the U.S. are joining together in the ‘Title 42 Week of Action,’ marking the one year anniversary of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention invoking Title 42 of the Public Health Service Act to authorize the Department of Homeland Security to shut down U.S. land borders to newly arriving asylum seekers. This was done, ostensibly, to reduce the threat of COVID-19 spread. But it was a pretext. Behind the scenes, the act was ordered by the Trump administration to use the growing pandemic to advance its anti-immigrant agenda.”

Biden’s Treatment of Asylum-Seekers Looks a Lot Like Trump’s
Tina Vásquez, In These Times, April 1, 2021
“The raids that unfolded around Phoenix are perhaps the first (documented) cases of Title 42 used to expel migrants far from the borders. It is relevant to note that, while many associate CBP directly with the U.S. border, its reach is actually much larger. It has authority within 100 air miles of any land border or coastline, a territory that encompasses Phoenix, New York and many other major cities. According to the American Civil Liberties Union, nearly two-thirds of the U.S. population resides within CBP’s jurisdiction — in other words, the territory where Title 42 grants CBP license to quickly expel newly arrived migrants under the guise of public health.”

The Misery Trump Left at the Border Is Finally Being Revealed
Mary Giovagnoli, Ms. Magazine, April 1, 2021
“Thus far, according to an important report by the Haitian Bridge Alliance, the Quixote Center and the UndocuBlack Network, more Haitians (1,200) were expelled in the first two months of the Biden administration than in the preceding year. Many of those expelled were family groups, and none of them received a screening before being flown back to Haiti to determine whether their fears of imprisonment, torture or death should be examined by an immigration judge.”

Some migrants are being released into US without paperwork
Al Jazeera, April 1, 2021
“Last week, the agency added instructions to report to an ICE office within 60 days to adults’ booking documents. But some received no documents at all, including dozens at Our Lady of Guadalupe Catholic Church in the Texas border city of Mission, where about 100 migrants released by US authorities had been arriving each night to sleep on mats in classrooms in a shuttered elementary school. Carlos Enrique Linga, 27, waited at the shelter for a week without documents along with his five-year-old daughter, hoping to join a friend in Tennessee.”

Smuggler drops young girls from border wall, flees leaving kids by themselves in desert
Aaron Martinez, El Paso Times, March 31, 2021
“An agent stationed in Santa Teresa, using a camera, caught a smuggler dropping a 3-year-old girl and 5-year-old girl from a 14-foot-high border wall onto the U.S. side of the border Tuesday evening near Mount Cristo Rey, U.S. Border Patrol officials said. The agent then alerted other agents to the area to recover the girls, who are sisters and from Ecuador, officials said. A video of the incident shows a smuggler climbing the wall, grabbing one of the girls by the arms, lowering her partway and then dropping her to the ground.”

Biden’s border ‘crisis’ has little to do with the border
Ishaan Tharoor, The Washington Post, March 31, 2021
“‘The emergencies of the past decade are really three chapters of the same struggle: an exodus from Central America has been under way, as families and children attempted to escape violence, poverty, and government corruption,’ wrote the New Yorker’s Jonathan Blitzer. ‘The immigration system at the border, which was built up in the nineteen-nineties, with single, job-seeking adults from Mexico in mind, was not designed to handle a population seeking asylum on this scale. On average, it takes almost two and a half years to resolve an asylum claim, and there’s now a backlog of 1.3 million pending cases, up from half a million under Obama.’”

4 reasons why migrant children arriving alone to the US create a ‘border crisis’
The Conversation, March 31, 2021
“Children also need translators and legal counsel during their immigration proceedings, and they cannot pay these costs. It falls to federal, state and local governments, as well as nonprofit organizations, to provide legal pro bono services. Despite these efforts, an estimated 75% to 90% of children undergo U.S. deportation proceedings without a lawyer to represent them, though in practice they are rarely deported.”

VP Harris, Guatemala’s Giammattei Discuss Immigration
Reuters, VOA News, March 31, 2021
“‘They agreed to explore innovative opportunities to create jobs and to improve the conditions for all people in Guatemala and the region, including by promoting transparency and combating crime,’ the statement said. President Joe Biden has named Harris to lead U.S. efforts with Mexico, Guatemala, Honduras and El Salvador to try to stem the flow of migration, which has climbed sharply in recent weeks. Harris thanked Giammattei for his efforts to secure Guatemala’s southern border, the White House said.”

Honduras police turn back U.S.-bound migrant caravan
Yoseph Amaya, Reuters, March 30, 2021
“The Honduran police set up a checkpoint near the Guatemalan border crossing at the northern town of Corinto. Migrants who did not have the required paperwork were driven 114 kilometers (71 miles) back to San Pedro Sula on police trucks and buses. Police official Jose Murillo said over 90% of migrants reaching Corinto had been turned around because they lacked proper identification or proof of COVID-19 tests.”

America’s Immigration Amnesia
Caitlin Dickerson, The Atlantic, March 29, 2021
“But for decades, most immigration experts have viewed border crossings not in terms of surges, but in terms of cycles that are affected by an array of factors. These include the cartels’ trafficking business, weather, and religious holidays as well as American politics—but perhaps most of all by conditions in the children’s home countries. A 2014 Congressional Research Service report found that young peoples’ ‘motives for migrating to the United States are often multifaceted and difficult to measure analytically,’ and that ‘while the impacts of actual and perceived U.S. immigration policies have been widely debated, it remains unclear if, and how, specific immigration policies have motivated children to migrate to the United States.’”

Biden must stop deportations to Haiti. It’s inhumane — and breaks his promise to us | Opinion
Marleine Bastien, Alix Desulme, Miami Herald, March 29, 2021
“Moïse lacks all credibility. There haven’t been legislative or mayoral elections in years; Moïse has scheduled an illegal referendum to make substantial changes to Haiti’s constitution that would give the president immense, unchecked power; he is implicated in massive corruption; and he is collaborating with criminal gangs that have committed many documented massacres, political assassinations and daily kidnappings. The crisis has reached unprecedented levels — kidnappings alone have increased 200 percent — and have everyday Haitians cowering in their homes, afraid even to send their children to school.”

Honduran boy, 5, endures monthlong separation from family after crossing U.S. border
Cindy Carcamo, Los Angeles Times, March 29, 2021
“From the start, Luz said she had complied with everything the caseworker at the Texas shelter asked of her. She sent him her identification information and the boy’s birth certificate. When the shelter asked for her fingerprints and those of her sponsor, they both submitted them, even though it is not mandatory under ORR guidelines. A few weeks later, Joshua was transferred to Cayuga Centers in New York City. Luz said the caseworker told her they moved the boy to New York to make room for more children at the Texas shelter. When he arrived, the new caseworker called Luz asking for her son’s birth certificate, her identification and other information she already had given to the caseworker in Texas.”

Biden and the Blame Game at the Border
Jonathan Blitzer, The New Yorker, March 28, 2021
“The word ‘crisis’ is both an overstatement and an understatement of the situation. There were more families and children seeking asylum at the border under Trump in 2019 than there are now. And the current numbers, if higher than Biden anticipated, are not unexpected. The pandemic has led to renewed desperation in Central America, as have two hurricanes that devastated the region last fall, displacing tens of thousands of people. Yet, in another sense, the situation is worse than much of the public understands, because the issues involved are genuinely complex and nearly impossible to settle as long as policymakers in Washington continue to regard decency as a sign of political weakness rather than of moral strength.”

Expelled from US at night, migrant families weigh next steps
Elliot Spagat, AP News, March 28, 2021
“The decisions unfold amid what Border Patrol officials say is an extraordinarily high 30-day average of 5,000 daily encounters with migrants. Children traveling alone are allowed to remain in the U.S. to pursue asylum while nearly all single adults are expelled to Mexico under pandemic-era rules that deny them a chance to seek humanitarian protection. Families with children younger than 7 are being allowed to remain in the U.S. to pursue asylum, according to a Border Patrol official speaking to reporters Friday on condition of anonymity. Others in families — only 300 out of 2,200 on Thursday — are expelled.”

Roma, Texas and the Central American Exodus
Víctor Peña, El Faro, March 27, 2021
“In just four hours on Friday, March 26, around 300 people crossed the Rio Grande and set off along the dirt roads to Roma, where they were detained by Border Patrol. The majority of them were Hondurans, then Guatemalans and Mexicans, with a few Salvadorans as well. Many families traveled with their children, and 20 minors said that they had crossed Mexico by themselves.”

Judge Dana Marks On How The Biden Administration Can Address Immigration Backlogs
NPR, March 26, 2021
“It is sheer numbers, and it’s the fact that resources allocated to immigration enforcement have far outpaced those that have been allocated towards the court hearings. And yet, we’re a natural outgrowth of additional enforcement. In 2018, Congress appropriated $16.7 billion to Customs and Border Patrol, $7.5 billion to Immigration and Customs Enforcement, who do the interior enforcement and only 437 million to the immigration courts.”

9-Year-Old Migrant Girl Dies Trying to Cross Rio Grande Into U.S.
Miriam Jordan, New York Times, March 26, 2021
“Humanitarian groups leave water jugs in desolate areas on the migrant trail in Arizona where the terrain and heat pose great risks to crossers. Since 2004, about 3,400 migrants have perished in southern Arizona. Last year, 227 bodies were recovered, the most in a decade. Humane Borders, which tracks and maps the deaths, and the Pima County medical examiner in Tucson attributed the high number to the hottest and driest summer in that state’s history.”

ASYLUM-SEEKERS EXPELLED BY BIDEN ADMINISTRATION SAY THEY FEEL DECEIVED
Debbie Nathan, The Intercept, March 24, 2021
“Welcome to Miami. An official said this mockingly to her and her fellow passengers, she recalled — all Central American parents with young children — as the U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement plane descended. They had departed from Brownsville, Texas, but they knew they weren’t in Miami, she said. Instead of a coastal city, they saw mountainous terrain.”

Black Immigrants Matter
Jack Herrera, The Nation, March 24, 2021
“For decades, black immigrants have faced excessively high rates of detention and deportation. According to a report from BAJI, while Black immigrants make up less than 5.4 percent of the undocumented population in the United States, they made up 10.6 percent of all deportation proceedings from 2003 to 2015—almost double their share of the undocumented population. Under the Obama administration, billions of dollars flowed to immigration enforcement, and more people were removed, and at a faster rate, than under any other president in history.”

Migrant Families Are Still Being Separated
Henry Graber, Slate, March 24, 2021
“After four years of President Donald Trump’s harsh immigration policies, many advocates for Central American migrants welcomed a change in administration. But after two months in office, President Joe Biden has given a clear message to people arriving at the U.S.-Mexico border: ‘Don’t come.’ Still, thousands of people, including an increasing number of unaccompanied children, are making the trek and forcing Biden to face his first big immigration test.”

Opinion | Focus Deterrence on Organized Crime, not Migrants
Mexico Today
“After 9/11, as the US expanded the wall, hired more border patrol agents and invested vast sums in border security, it became harder and harder for migrants to cross. That didn’t do much to deter undocumented migration, but it did incentivize organized crime to get into the migration business. Today, there are large swaths of the border where it is impossible for migrants to cross without paying a criminal organization.”

Mexican Enforcement

‘Mommy, I Have Bad News’: For Child Migrants, Mexico Can Be the End of the Road
Maria Abi-Habib, New York Times, April 2, 2021
“In 2018, 1,318 children were admitted into shelters for unaccompanied minors in Ciudad Juárez, the local authorities said. By 2019, the number of admissions had grown to 1,510 children, though it dipped to 928 last year because of the pandemic. But in the first two and a half months of this year, the number has soared to 572 — a rate that, if kept up for the rest of the year, would far surpass 2019, the highest year on record. ”

Mexican Police Who Massacred Guatemalan Migrants Get Their Guns from the U.S.
John Lindsay-Poland, The North American Congress on Latin America, April 1, 2021
“The massacre is the latest of thousands of attacks by both state and non-state groups in Mexico, who have forcibly disappeared an estimated 35,000 migrants. The Camargo tragedy took the largest number of victims of any single state atrocity in Mexico in more than five years, when federal police killed more than 20 alleged members of a criminal organization in Tanhuato, Michoacán in May 2015. Outside of confrontations with criminal organizations, the killing of the Guatemalan migrants in Camargo is the worst atrocity since the forced disappearance of 43 student teachers from the Ayotzinapa Normal School in Guerrero in September 2014.”

Ni con visa se puede ingresar a México vía terrestre
Radio Progreso, 30 de marzo de 2021
“La primera caravana de unas 7 mil personas fue reprimida en Vado Hondo, Guatemala el pasado 18 de enero. El cónsul mexicano residente en Honduras dice que, a través del Plan de Desarrollo Integral, su país está contribuyendo al financiamiento de dos programas dirigidos a jóvenes para mermar la migración, porque están conscientes que la gente se va por falta de empleo o situaciones de violencia. Con este proyecto se está beneficiando a unos 10 mil jóvenes emprendedores a nivel nacional”.

Mexican soldiers seized after Guatemalan killed near border
Associated Press, KVOA News, March 30, 2021
“Mexican and Guatemalan officials say that some 300 residents of a remote stretch of the countries’  border held 15 Mexican soldiers captive for hours after one of the soldiers shot and killed a Guatemalan citizen at a checkpoint. Mexico’s defense secretary said Tuesday the events stemmed from ‘an erroneous reaction on the part of military personnel’ who fired on a vehicle reversing away from a checkpoint on Monday. The soldiers, three vehicles and 17 guns were released after Mexican officials agreed to economic reparations and legal proceedings against those responsible.”

Mexico: Tulum police accused of ‘murder’ over death of woman knelt on by officers
The Guardian, March 29, 2021
“The scenes drew comparisons with the death of George Floyd in Minneapolis after a white police officer pressed his knee against his neck. Salazar had been living in Mexico for some years on a ‘humanitarian visa’, said Nayib Bukele. ‘She was brutally murdered by Tulum police officers in Quintana Roo, Mexico,’ El Salvador’s president wrote.”

Killing of Salvadoran Refugee by Police in Mexico Incites Furor
Oscar Lopez, The New York Times, March 29, 2021
“The woman, Victoria Esperanza Salazar Arriaza, died on Saturday after being detained by the police in Tulum, a resort town on the Yucatán Peninsula. Videos shared on social media show an officer kneeling on the woman’s back as she cried out. Officers can later be seen dragging her limp body into the back of a police truck. Authorities in the state of Quintana Roo confirmed on Monday that the cause of death was a fractured spine, and four officers were arrested in connection with the killing.”

Root Causes

Honduran president’s brother sentenced to life in prison for drug trafficking
Jeff Ernst, David C Adams, Univision, 30 de marzo de 2021
“Former Honduran congressman Juan Antonio ‘Tony’ Hernandez, was sentenced to life plus 30 years in prison in New York federal court on Tuesday almost 18 months after he was convicted in the same court on drug trafficking and related weapons charges. ’Based upon Juan Antonio’s free choice to engage in a life of drug trafficking over a 12-year period … a sentence of life imprisonment is richly deserved,’ said Judge Kevin Castel. The judge also sentenced Hernandez to pay $138.5 million dollars in forfeiture for trafficking an estimated 185,000 kilos of cocaine.”

Honduras hired elite D.C. law firm in failed lobbying effort to derail ‘state-sponsored drug trafficking probe’ of president’s brother
Spencer S. Hsu, The Washington Post, April 1, 2021
“In those filings, the firm on Sept. 23, 2019, disclosed an agreement letter signed Aug. 27 by Honduras’s finance minister at the time, Rocío Tábora, agreeing to pay the firm $475,000 through Nov. 30 and hourly afterward, plus expenses, to provide legal services ‘in an international capital markets transaction.’ The firm also disclosed it had agreed to provide related advice and due diligence to Honduras, one of the poorest and most violent countries in the Western Hemisphere, and to engage in political activities on its behalf on ‘matters affecting U.S.-Honduran relations.’ The agreement was signed by firm partner Eli Whitney Debevoise II, who was President George W. Bush’s Senate-confirmed U.S. representative to the World Bank from 2007 to 2011.”

The reason many Guatemalans are coming to the border? A profound hunger crisis.
Kevin Sieff, The Washington Post, April 1, 2021
“Guatemala now has the sixth-highest rate of chronic malnutrition in the world. The number of acute cases in children, according to one new Guatemalan government study, doubled between 2019 and 2020. The crisis was caused in part by failed harvests linked to climate change, a string of natural disasters and a nearly nonexistent official response. Supply-chain disruptions then led to a spike in prices. The cost of beans in Guatemala went up 19.6 percent last year, according to the World Food Program.”

A Final Blow to Guatemala’s Justice System
Álvaro Montenegro, El Faro, 31 de marzo de 2021
“The country’s legal framework is designed in such a way that all cases involving questions of constitutionality, whether they’re of the public interest or not, end up at the court. This is why in legal circles, it is known as ‘the celestial court.’ There is a significant risk that the new court, loyal to the corrupt, will undo more than a decade of transformative work to advance the cause of justice in Guatemala.”

Biden’s Promise of US “Leadership” in Central America Has an Ominous Ring
Johan Ordonez, Truthout, March 31, 2021
“Their essence: that millions of dollars in “aid” money should be poured into upgrading local military and police forces in order to protect an economic model based on private investment and the export of profits. Above all, the privileges of foreign investors must not be threatened. As it happens, this is the very model that Washington has imposed on the countries of Central America over the past century, one that’s left its lands corrupt, violent, and impoverished, and so continued to uproot Central Americans and send them fleeing toward the United States.”

El Salvador president says missing teen found, daughter of woman killed by police
Nelson Renteria, Reuters, Yahoo! News, March 31, 2021
“‘The oldest daughter of Victoria has been found. She is now in the custody of FGE,’ Bukele tweeted, referring to the state attorney general’s office. ‘She is physically well.’ Quintana Roo’s attorney general’s office also did not respond to a request for comment. Salazar’s partner was arrested on Tuesday for abuse of her and her daughters, Quintana Roo Governor Carlos Joaquin said.”

Videos muestran que Victoria sufrió un ataque nervioso antes de que los policías la mataran
Daniel Lizárraga, El Faro, 30 de marzo de 2021
“En un informe de la Fiscalía General de Quintana Roo hecho público ayer se determinó que los agentes generaron ‘una fractura en la parte superior de la columna vertebral producida por la ruptura de la primera y segunda vértebra”’ La Fiscalía determinó, además, que el uso de la fuerza por parte de los policías fue ‘de manera desproporcionada’. Los agentes serán acusados de feminicidio y enfrentan una pena no menor a 40 años”.

Mujeres en el campo sobreviven a la violencia sexual sin justicia
Contra Corriente, 27 de marzo de 2021
“De 2014 a 2020 el MP recibió denuncias de 19,815 mujeres víctimas de agresiones que las leyes hondureñas califican como delitos contra la libertad sexual: violación, rapto, hostigamiento sexual, incesto, estupro, trata de personas y explotación sexual. De este dato solo 3821 víctimas consignaron la ocupación del agresor, de ese total 2265 eran hombres que laboraban en el campo. Karol Bobadilla, abogada con experiencia en acompañamiento a mujeres sobrevivientes de violencia, dice que en las zonas rurales ninguna institución que atiende casos está capacitada: «muchas veces habían fiscales asignados, pero no hablaban ni con las víctimas y solo llegaban a las audiencias sin haber consensuado las líneas de investigación a seguir, sin haberles tomado el testimonio antes para ver si algo podía afectar el proceso, para ver en sí los hechos y que es lo que pretende la víctima con ese proceso judicial», dice”.

La criminalización de defensores de derechos humanos en Centroamérica es creciente
Defensores en Línea, 25 de marzo de 2021
“La criminalización no es el único riesgo que corren los defensores de derechos humanos en Centro América, también hay otros problemas como la libertad de expresión, la destrucción del tejido social en las comunidades, la militarización y la vigilancia, los ataques e intimidaciones, y la estigmatización. Otro de los elementos que surgió en el foro fue la impunidad, el que es utilizado por las personas que se concentran en el poder para hacerla valer para así mismo, para mantener sus privilegios y de esta manera castigar a quienes se oponen a sus intereses. ‘La criminalización es la utilización de marcos jurídicos, de estrategias, de acciones políticos judiciales con la intención de dar un tratamiento de ilegítimo o ilegal a la defensa de los derechos humanos’, señaló Anabella Sibrián, directora de Protection International Mesoamérica en Guatemala”.

Alejandra, la niña víctima de violación, y una sentencia agridulce para las mujeres en Honduras
Criterio, 25 de marzo de 2021
“‘Son lamentables las debilidades en el proceso investigativo con los retrasos y demoras en las diligencias y en las audiencias, que evidencian la falta del recurso humano especializado y competente que se necesita en nuestra ciudad’, dice el comunicado. Pero el de Alejandra es un caso más de los miles que existen en Honduras, donde niñas y mujeres siguen esperando justicia para ellas, agrega el documento según el cual la impunidad en los casos de violencia sexual es de un 93%”.

Estados Unidos creará ente para combatir corrupción en Centroamérica
Juan Caros Rivera, La Prensa, 24 de marzo de 2024
“La administración de Biden invertirá en el Triángulo Norte, pero, a la vez, pondrá a disposición instituciones estratégicas, como la Oficina de Control de Bienes Extranjeros (Ofac), Departamento del Tesoro, Departamento de Estado y Departamento de Justicia para perseguir a ciudadanos que, a través de la corrupción y actividades delictivas, han empobrecido y convertido en zonas violentas a estos países”.

Actions, Alerts, and Resources

COMUNICADO PÚBLICO
Red Franciscana para Migrantes, 1 de abril de 2021
“El caso de Victoria no es aislado. Miles de mujeres migrantes que huyen de la violencia en su país de origen, paradójicamente son víctimas de violencia directa, estructural y simbólica en territorio mexicano, convirtiéndolas en un grupo vulnerable que urge sean atendidas con dignidad y respeto a sus derechos humanos, conforme a lo establecido en el articulo 1º de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos y en los diferentes Tratados Internacionales subscritos y ratificados por el Estado mexicano”.

Pulling Back the Curtain-Analysis of New Government Data on Temporary Protected Status
Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc., March 30, 2021
“The Temporary Protected Status Advocacy Working Group led by Catholic Legal Immigration Network, Inc. or CLINIC, in partnership with Alianza Americas; the National Day Laborer Organizing Network (as a core member of the National TPS Alliance) and National Immigration Project of the National Lawyers Guild released a report, ‘Pulling Back the Curtain: Analysis of New Government Data on Temporary Protected Status,’ with brand new, state-by-state data on people living in the United States with TPS.”

* The Migration News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.