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Migration News Brief 9.11.20

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A compilation of recent top articles and reports related to issues of U.S. immigration and enforcement policy and migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish). Please feel free to send us recommendations or requests for upcoming news briefs: lalvarez@lawg.org.

Source: Lauri Alvarez

Spotlight

Protect Brave Honduran River Defenders 
Antonio Saadipour Sellés, Latin America Working Group, September 11, 2020
“Brave leaders defending their communities’ rivers in Honduras from environmental damage from a mining company are facing being thrown in jail while they await trial. Already, eight community leaders have been locked in pre-trial detention for over a year. Now, a judge has revoked a measure protecting five additional community leaders from pre-trial detention. These defenders of the Guapinol and San Pedro Rivers represent just a handful of victims in a country where the rights of environmental defenders are violated every day.”

Serve Your People  
LAWGEF, KIND, Oxfam America, Climate Refugees, CWS, and WOLA, July 2020
Serve Your People provides a roadmap for transforming relations between the United States and the northern countries of Central America.The report highlights ways the United States can restore and advance protections for migrants and refugees and use principled diplomacy to stand with civil society forces for change. It provides U.S. policy recommendations for protecting human rights, providing opportunities for youth at risk, addressing gender-based violence, tackling the COVID-19 pandemic, supporting equitable development strategies, and helping countries address the impact of climate change.”

 

COVID-19

General

Coming Next to Latin America: Even More Political Fragmentation 
María Victoria Murillo, Americas Quarterly, September 8, 2020
“Outsiders and polarization are not new in the greion. But the combined effect of scarce fiscal resources and economic recession left by the pandemic is shifting the contours, because they make it much harder to build large coalitions than during the commodities boom. We may have a glimpse of this reshaping in the upcoming elections in Bolivia and Ecuador, where incumbents are unpopular, and health crises are deep.”

Pandemia provoca una caída de las remesas a Centroamérica
Voz de América, Despach 505, 5 de septiembre de 2020
“El Salvador, reportó un descenso del 40% de los montos enviados, siendo esa la cifra más alta registrada entre los seis países reseñados por Pew Research en base a los datos aportados por el banco central de cada país”.

After COVID-19, Latin America Braces for ‘Lost Decade’ 
Augusta Saraiva and Darcy Palder, Foreign Policy, September 4, 2020
“In 2020 alone, nearly 45 million more Latin Americans will be forced into poverty as a result of the coronavirus pandemic, with tens of millions pushed into extreme poverty, a recent study from the United Nations Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLAC) study estimated. More than one-third of the region’s population will face unemployment and food insecurity, threatening dire long-term impacts for Latin America.”

A Pandemic Within a Pandemic Across Latin America
The Conversation, US News, August 24, 2020
“Reports of rape, murder and domestic violence are also way up in Mexico.  In Guatemala, they’re down significantly —a likely sign that women are too afraid to call the police on the partners they’re locked up with. The pandemic worsened but did not create this problem: Latin America has long been among the world’s deadliest places to be a woman.”

United States

‘We sent 500 tests. They don’t answer calls’: Inside ICE’s coronavirus testing disaster
Patrick Michels, Laura C. Morel, Reveal News, September 10, 2020
“Internal emails obtained by Reveal from The Center for Investigative Reporting provide a behind-the-scenes look at the frustration that built up over months within the New Mexico Department of Health as officials with ICE or its contractors failed to test detainees exposed to the virus – or turned down vital testing assistance. State officials sought to control the spread of the virus at detention centers – including county jails and ICE facilities – worried that a COVID-19 outbreak in a correctional setting could spread into the community.”

The Trump Administration Is Considering Excluding Some Immigrant Children From A Controversial Pandemic Policy
Hamed Aleaziz, Buzzfeed News, September 8, 2020
“The Trump administration is considering changing a pandemic-related border policy to no longer quickly return unaccompanied children to four countries that require them to test negative for the coronavirus before entering, according to a draft of the order obtained by Buzzfeed News. The draft would amend an unprecedented order issued by the CDC earlier this year that allows border officials to expel immigrants at the southern border instead of housing them at facilities in the US for immigration proceedings.”

“There is no mercy”: As the Coronavirus Descended on the Border, the Trump Administration Escalated Its Crackdown on Asylum
Ryan Devereaux, The Intercept, September 5, 2020
“Border Patrol agents began throwing people back by the thousands, tossing men, women, and children across the international divide without a trace of due process. With hearings postponed and canceled, the wait grew increasingly indefinite and uncertain for the roughly 60,000 individuals in the administration’s Remain in Mexico program, many of them young families stuck in the continent’s most dangerous cities — places where more than 1,000 people had already been kidnapped, assaulted, or murdered.”

Amid coronavirus, Trump moved to expel immigrants—but Border Patrol didn’t test any of them
Malaika Tapper, The Intercept, September 3, 2020
“Documents disclosed by the Department of Homeland Security, which oversees immigration enforcement, on Monday show that, between March 7 and May 8, as the pandemic became a nationwide public health emergency, Border Patrol had administered coronavirus tests to a total of zero of the people it apprehended.”

El Salvador

‘No options’ for El Salvador’s pregnant girls raped in lockdown
Anastasia Moloney, Reuters, August 31st, 2020
“More than 100 girls in El Salvador, some as young as 10, got pregnant after being raped at home during the coronavirus lockdown, but strict laws mean they have no safe options to end unwanted pregnancies, campaigners said on Monday.”

Guatemala

Guatemala to reopen borders next week after 6 months
Associated Press, KSAT 12, September 10, 2020
“Guatemala’s government has reported about 80,000 COVID-19 infections and nearly 3,000 deaths. More than half of the country’s municipalities continue to be on the highest level of health alert.”

Honduras

Transportistas hondureños bloquean calles para exigir ayuda estatal y trabajo
EFE, Yahoo News, 7 de septiembre de 2020
“Centenares de conductores de taxis y autobuses del transporte público iniciaron este lunes un paro en las principales ciudades de Honduras para exigir que el Gobierno les permita trabajar o les entregue un subsidio ante la falta de trabajo por el confinamiento para frenar la expansión de la COVID-19”.

Mexico

Matamoros refugee camp shrinking as COVID-19, border restrictions hinder volunteer efforts
Sandra Sanchez, ABC27 News, September 8, 2020
“That has not only caused hardship for volunteers who cross the border regularly to help the migrants in Matamoros, but it has also stoked desperation among the migrants themselves, many who are now starting their second year living in the tent encampment, most forced to remain in Mexico during their asylum proceedings under the Trump administration’s Migrant Protection Protocols (MPP) program.”

Los inmigrantes, duramente afectados por la pandemia, están enviando aún más dinero a México
Wendy Fry, Alexandra Mendoza, The San Diego Union-Tribune, 8 de septiembre de 2020
“México recibió 3.53 mil millones de dólares en remesas en julio—la mayor parte de los Estados Unidos—un aumento del 7 por ciento con respecto al mismo mes en 2019, según mostraron el martes los datos del banco central de México.”

Adolescentes y jóvenes hondureñas en México: ¿cómo imaginar nuevas soluciones?
Gretchen Kuhner, El Financiero, 1 de septiembre de 2020
“Hoy, a pesar de las restricciones impuestas por la pandemia, y como resultado de la severa crisis socioeconómica causada por la corrupción y represión que vive América Central, miles de personas siguen escapando de la pobreza y la violencia extrema que viven sus países. Cada vez hay más mujeres que huyen junto con sus familias de la violencia y la falta de oportunidades para solicitar asilo”.

U.S. Enforcement

A migrant mother saw her disabled son walk into the U.S. Then he disappeared 
Mimi Dwyer, Kristina Cooke, Sofia Menchu
“The story of how Gustavo disappeared and then reappeared in Guatemala is emblematic of what the U.S. Immigration rights activists say is an opaque, chaotic new system that President Donald Trump’s administration has implemented to expel migrants including unaccompanied children during the pandemic.”

Whistleblower details alleged politicization of intelligence at DHS
Benjamin Siegel, Josh Margolin, and Lucien Bruggeman, ABC News, September 9, 2020
“According to Murphy, in addition to efforts to downplay Russia’s role in election meddling, those leaders sought to downplay the threat posed by domestic white supremacy groups and manipulate statistics about terrorist entries along the southern border.”

2 O’dham actvists arrested after blocking border wall construction in southern Arizona
Rafael Carranza, AZ Central, September 10, 2020
“The two activists are members of the O’odham Anti Border Collective and Defend O’odham Jewed, a grassroots movement of tribal members and allies formed in opposition to border wall construction on ancestral tribal lands and to the desecration of sacred sites. The group said Wednesday’s protest was led by ‘O’odham u’wui,’ or women, and referred to them as ‘water and land defenders.’”

Exclusive: Trump administration considers postponing refugee admissions, U.S. official says
Ted Hesson, Mica Rosenberg, Reuters, September 10, 2020
“The possible postponement – one of several options under discussion – would mean some or all refugee admissions could be frozen until a legal challenge to a 2019 Trump order on refugees is resolved “with some greater degree of finality,” the official told Reuters.”

Biden pick creates furor, underscoring bitterness over Obama immigration policyRafael Bernal, The Hill, September 9, 2020
“Immigration advocates are livid over the Biden transition team’s addition of Cecilia Muñoz, a former Obama administration official who was the public face of that administration’s immigration policy.”

A Federal Judge Ordered The Trump Administration To Stop Detaining Immigrant Children In Hotels
Adolfo Flores, Buzzfeed News, September 4, 2020
“Since March, private contractors working for Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) have been detaining hundreds of children who arrive at the border without their parents or legal guardians in a system of hotels. The children are then quickly sent back to their home countries without being able to access the nation’s immigration system under a coronavirus pandemic order.”

Más de 28,000 inmigrantes hondureños fueron deportados entre enero y agosto 
La Prensa, 3 de septiembre de 2020
“Un total de 28,182 hondureños fueron deportados, la mayoría por Estados Unidos y México, en los primeros ocho meses del año, una cifra inferior un 64.4% al mismo periodo de 2019, cuando retornaron 81,936 personas, informó este jueves una fuente oficial en Tegucigalpa.”

ICE Is Making Sure Migrant Kids Don’t have COVID-19—Then Expelling Them to “Prevent the Spread” of COVID-19
Dara Lind and Lomi Kriel, ProPublica, August 10, 2020
“Court documents, and information given by Immigration and Customs Enforcement to congressional staff last week, reveal that the Trump administration has agreed to test every child in its custody before sending them back to their home countries under the expulsion policy. ICE’s comprehensive testing appears to undermine the rationale for mass expulsion policy: that it is necessary to ‘prevent the introduction’ of COVID-19 into the United States.”

Mexican Enforcement

Mexico diverted money from development to contain migration
María Verza, AP News, September 8, 2020
“Under pressure from the United States to reduce migration, the Mexican government diverted money from a fund intended to spur regional development to instead renovate immigration detention centers and bus migrants from the U.S.-Mexico border. According to information obtained by the Associated Press through public records requests, the administration of President Andrés Manuel López Obrador designated more than $4 million from the Mexico Fund last year to immigration containment purposes.”

México usó fondos para el desarrollo económico de Centroamérica para restringir a migrantes de esos países
María Verza, The Associated Press, 8 de septiembre de 2020
“El Gobierno de Andrés Manuel López Obrador usó más de 4 millones de dólares del Fondo México para arreglos en centros de detención migratoria y para trasladar a migrantes y solicitantes de asilo devueltos desde Estados Unidos, según información y documentos obtenidos por la agencia de noticias The Associated Press (AP). Varias de esas personas migrantes terminaron siendo repatriadas desde México o abandonadas a su suerte en ese país.”

Destinarán mil 603 millones de pesos a control migratorio en presupuesto 2021
Roxana González, El Sol de México, 8 de septiembre de 2020
“Para fortalecer la política migratoria con énfasis en el respeto y protección de los derechos humanos, subraya, el INM continuará implementando acciones para regular los flujos migratorios al interior del país de manera segura, proporcionando ayuda y orientación a las personas migrantes principalmente aquellos en situación de vulnerabilidad.”

Asylum-seekers in Matamoros fear they’ll be forgotten
Dianne Solis, Dallas News, September 7, 2020
“Hundreds of asylum-seekers are still holding on in a tent camp across the river from Brownsville. Poor health conditions and the threat of kidnappings and violence are with them always. They remain dispossessed of nearly everything but hope.”

Root Causes

Was There a Quid Pro Quo Between Trump and the Guatemalan Presidency?
WNYC, September 10, 2020
“But last year, when the CICIG began investigating allegations against Morales, the anti-corruption body was shut down. And now, Ivan Velasquez is alleging that the U.S. government helped support the shuttering of the commission, in exchange for support from Guatemala for the Safe Third Country Agreement —- a policy to stop migration flows to the U.S.”

Guatemala: Rights Official at Risk of Criminal Prosecution
Human Rights Watch, September 9, 2020
“On August 12, 2020, Guatemala’s Supreme Court ruled that Rodas had failed to comply with a 2017 decision that ordered the Ombudsperson’s Office (Procurador de los Derechos Humanos, PDH) to cease activities that support or promote abortion, present access to abortion as a right, or promote its legalization. The court ordered the Prosecutor’s Office to investigate whether Rodas is guilty of non-compliance with a judicial decision, a crime under Guatemalan law punishable with up to three years of prison.”

Guatemala: Organization Denounces Land Rights Activist Murders
TeleSur, September 9, 2020
“According to the statement, Guatemala’s government withdrew several institutions that enforced and veiled over land rights, such as the Secretariat for Agrarian Affairs (SAA), the Presidential Commission for the Coordination of Executive Policy of Human Rights (COPREDEH), and the Secretariat for Peace (SEPAZ).”

Una empresa que une a Giammattei con Miguel Martínez 
Pavel Gerardo Vega, Plaza Publica, 9 de septiembre de 2020
“En septiembre de 2017, el jefe del Ejecutivo y el director del Centro de Gobierno celebraron una asamblea de accionistas en la que aprobaron que Martínez ocupe el cargo de representante legal y administrador único de Soluciones Integrales Profesionales, S.A. Uno de los socios fundadores es el actual registrador de la Propiedad”.

Megaproyectos, crimen organizado, agroindustria y desalojos provocan desplazamiento forzada 
David Toro, Prensa Comunitaria, 8 de septiembre de 2020
“Durante la presentación, la investigadora Morales indicó que los desalojos, aún bajo sustento legal, propician el desplazamiento forzado porque el Estado no ha cumplido con los estándares internacionales de derechos humanos. El informe agrega que el desplazamiento tambien puede ser provocado por la imposición de megaproyectos, crimen organizado, agroindustria y falta de certeza jurídica de las tierras”.

Spanish trial brings hope of justice for victims of Salvadoran death squads
Sam Jones, The Guardian, September 7, 2020
“‘It’s not just a crime that happened 30 years ago, it’s about what impunity really means.’ A verdict is expected this month. For Carlos, the trial has not been about revenge or hatred – ‘it wouldn’t really make any sense’ – but about an end to impunity.”

3 Dirty Secrets Revealed by the El Salvador Gang ‘Negotiations’ 
Steven Dudley, InSight Crime, September 4, 2020
“The gangs have been given more control over concession sales inside the jails, a return to segregated jail cells whereby gangs are separated by gang affiliation, and the promise of social and economic programs inside and outside prisons. In return, the gang leaders keep the violence to a minimum and ‘support’ Bukele’s party, Nuevas Ideas (New Ideas), in its efforts to seize control of congress and numerous important city halls in elections set for February 2021.”

5 Garífuna Leaders Are Still Missing in Honduras
Massay Crisanto, The Nation, September 3, 2020
“On July 18 at 5:30 am, men wearing police uniforms kidnapped the five leaders after forcefully invading their homes, breaking windows, tampering with locks, and forcing the Garífuna men—Alberth Centeno, Milton Martínez, Suami Mejía, Gerardo Róchez, and Junior Mejía—out of their homes. They have not been seen since. The men were kidnapped on a Saturday during which the State of Honduras restricted civilian movement due to Covid-19, allowing only state officials, authorities, and health workers to move freely.”

Gobierno de Bukele lleva un año negociando con la MS-13 reducción de homicidios y apoyo electoral 
Carlos Martínez, Óscar Martínez, Sergio Arauz y Efren Lemus, El Faro, 3 de septiembre de 2020
“A lo largo de los meses se pactó la reducción de homicidios y se discutieron beneficios carcelarios y apoyo electoral para Nuevas Ideas en 2021. El Faro obtuvo cientos de páginas de informes de inteligencia penitenciaria y libros de novedades de dos cárceles de Máxima Seguridad, que prueban encuentros del director de Tejido Social, Carlos Marro Marroquín, y del director general de prisiones, Osirius Luna, con líderes pandilleros”.

Cuatro mujeres periodistas denuncian ataques en su contra 
Lourdes Álvarez Nájera, Prensa Comunitaria, September 1, 2020
“Los ataques provienen de diversos perfiles, pero en la mayoría son hombres, que utilizan palabras denigrantes, de burla y de amenaza. Con estas acciones buscan poner en duda la credibilidad y la ética de ellas y su trabajo periodistico que refiere a casos de violencia contra las mujeres, abuso sexual y hasta corrupción”.

Actions, Alerts, and Resources

A New Latin America Foreign Policy Agenda for the Next Administration
NACLA, September 5, 2020
“Over 100 organizations that work on issues related to Latin America and the Caribbean sent a letter to Democratic nominee Joe Biden and President Donald Trump calling for the next administration to adopt a new Good Neighbor Policy toward the region based on non-intervention, cooperation and mutual respect.”

Guapinol Resiste 
ACAFREMIN, 2020
“Este informe documenta los hallazgos de una delegación interdisciplinaria e internacional de académicos/as y un periodista/abogado que visitó el norte de Honduras del 8 al 15 de junio de 2019 con la misión de verificar información sobre violaciones de derechos humanos contra defensores ambientales que se oponen a los proyectos mineros de la empresa Inversiones Los Pinares (ILP) en el municipio de Tocoa, Colón”.