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Migration News Brief for July 1, 2022

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Welcome to LAWG’s Migration News Brief, a compilation of recent top articles and reports related to issues of U.S. immigration and enforcement policy and migration from Central America and Mexico.

SPOTLIGHT

SCOTUS Upholds Termination Of MPP/Remain In Mexico

Welcome With Dignity, June 30, 2022

“Today, the Supreme Court of the United States upheld the Biden administration’s rescission of the Remain in Mexico program, formally known as MPP. Under the policy people seeking asylum were denied entry into the United States and were forced to wait in Mexico, often in dangerous areas while waiting for their case to be heard. In tandem with Title 42, Remain in Mexico has meant that our border has been effectively shut down for Black and Brown peop​​le seeking asylum. Today’s decision is one step towards restoring normalcy and dignity at our border.”

U.S. ENFORCEMENT

Supreme Court clears Biden to end Trump’s ‘Remain in Mexico’ policy

Robert Barnes, The Washington Post, June 30, 2022

“The Supreme Court on Thursday ruled for the Biden administration on a controversial immigration policy, saying it had the authority to reverse a Trump-era initiative that requires asylum seekers to remain in Mexico while their cases are reviewed in U.S. courts.”

With 53 people dead in Texas, here’s what you should know about migrant smuggling

Bill Chappell and Joel Rose, NPR, June 29, 2022

“The tragic deaths of at least 53 people in a tractor trailer in San Antonio are an emphatic reminder of the dangers migrants face — and how the risks have only gotten higher as both law enforcement and smugglers use increasingly sophisticated methods trying to outwit each other.”

Gun battles at sea: Cuba says it was in shootouts with boats heading to pick up migrants

Nora Gámez Torres, Miami Herald, June 29, 2022

“The Cuban Coast Guard was recently involved in two shootouts at sea with speedboats coming from the United States to pick up Cuban migrants, resulting in the death of one of the smugglers, according to the island’s ministry of the interior.”

The Tragedy in Texas Was Avoidable, Just Like Hundreds of Other Migrant Deaths on US Soil This Year

Adam Isacson, Washington Office on Latin America, June 28, 2022

“Mass death has once again hit the U.S.-Mexico border. And once again, it didn’t have to happen. As the border zone enters the hottest weeks of the summer, the U.S. government must begin, right now, a fundamental re-examination of the policies—the decisions made, and not made—that are leading to the preventable deaths of hundreds of people.”

Death is a constant risk for undocumented migrants entering Texas

Lomi Kreil and Uriel J. García, The Texas Tribune, June 28, 2022

“In 1987, 2003 and 2017, groups of migrants died of heat and dehydration in Texas after being trapped in stifling containers. Hundreds more die alone or in smaller groups as desperation drives them to take fatal risks.”

Biden’s nominee to run Immigration and Customs Enforcement withdraws

Maria Sacchetti, The Washington Post, June 27, 2022

“President Biden’s nominee to run U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement has abruptly withdrawn from consideration after months of uncertainty, leaving the Homeland Security agency that detains and deports undocumented immigrants without a confirmed director for the sixth consecutive year.”

Biden administration halts limits on ICE arrests following court ruling

Camilo Montoya-Galvez, CBS News, June 25, 2022

“The Biden administration on Saturday halted its limits on immigration arrests to comply with a court ruling that took effect over the weekend, leaving deportation agents across the U.S. without any official instructions on which immigrants they should, and should not, detain.”

US to offer 300,000 work visas for Mexicans, Central Americans

Kylie Madry, Reuters, June 22, 2022

“The United States will announce an offer of 300,000 work visas to Mexicans and Central Americans when the Mexican president visits Washington next month, Mexico’s interior minister said Wednesday.”

Without Access to Counsel, Detained Immigrants Face Increased Risks of Prolonged Detention and Unlawful Deportation

Aditi Shah, ACLU, June 22, 2022

“A new ACLU report reveals that detained immigrants at ICE detention facilities nationwide face pervasive barriers to accessing counsel.”

Abuses in the Air: Sports travel and deportation industry

Margaret Seiler, Witness at the Border, June 14, 2022

“Today University of Washington Center for Human Rights releases its latest research report on ICE Air deportation flights, revealing the extent to which major sports franchises and university athletic departments are enmeshed in the deportation industry, whether they know it or not.”

Migrant Shelters on the Border

Morgan Smith, Desert Exposure, June 2, 2022

“It’s Thursday, April 28, and we’re at a migrant shelter in Deming (pop. 23,000), the first of three shelters we’ll visit today and tomorrow. What happens if Title 42 is lifted or if the Supreme Court allows President Biden to do away with the Remain in Mexico program initiated by President Trump? What will this do to the numbers of migrants coming to our border seeking asylum and what role will these shelters play?”

MEXICAN ENFORCEMENT

EEUU, México, Guatemala y Honduras crean grupo contra el tráfico de personas

Vanessa, ConfidencialHN, 29 de junio de 2022

“Los Gobiernos de Estados Unidos, México, Guatemala y Honduras anunciaron este miércoles la creación de un grupo de trabajo para combatir el tráfico de personas, tras la muerte de 51 inmigrantes hacinados en un camión en San Antonio (Texas)”.

Report: Mexico’s immigration enforcement relies on military

AP News, May 24, 2022

“Mexico’s immigration enforcement is increasingly militarized with the armed forces and National Guard now accounting for more migrant detentions than immigration agents, according to a report published Tuesday by six nongovernmental organizations.”

ROOT CAUSES

‘I couldn’t have the baby’: Honduras’s poor suffer most from draconian abortion laws

Francesca Volpi, The Guardian, June 30, 2022

“It is a secret that spreads by word of mouth in poor neighbourhoods across Honduras; where to buy the pills, how to use them without being discovered, what to say if you have to go to the hospital. Blunt objects, herbal infusions, plant medicine all become tools of a deadly trade in illegal abortions when no other option exists.”

El Salvador to escalate its security crackdown after death of police officers

Tom Phillips, The Guardian, June 29, 2022

“El Salvador’s president, Nayib Bukele, has vowed to escalate his controversial “war on gangs” after three police officers were killed in what appeared to be the first major reaction to a security crackdown that critics have called one of the most dramatic in recent Latin American history.”

Reporter shot to death in Mexico, the 12th journalist killed there this year

The Guardian, June 29, 2022

“Yet another Mexican reporter has been shot to death, bringing to 12 the number of journalists killed this year in the country, one of the world’s most dangerous for media workers. Antonio de la Cruz, 47, was shot on Wednesday as he was leaving his house with his 23-year-old daughter, who was seriously injured, according to state prosecutors and the newspaper that employed him.”

El Salvador’s abortion ban: ‘I was sent to prison for suffering a miscarriage’

Will Grant, BBC News, June 28, 2022

“The news from the US that women face tighter restrictions on abortion has been felt in El Salvador, which itself has very strict laws preventing access.”

Guatemalan president arrives in U.S. for visit after snubbing summit

Sofia Menchu and Isabel Woodford, Reuters, June 27, 2022

“Guatemalan President Alejandro Giammattei landed in the United States for a two-day working tour on Monday, a presidential spokesperson confirmed, as bilateral ties remained strained after he opted out of the Summit of the Americas this month.”

Honduras en catástrofe educativa según informe de Unicef

Criterio.hn, 27 de junio de 2022

“Un informe publicado por el Fondo de las Naciones Unidas para la Infancia (Unicef), posiciona a Honduras en los últimos lugares con poco acceso a Internet en América Latina, con apenas un 20%, le siguen Surinam con 19%, Guatemala un 15%, y Haití con un 4%”.

ONU urge nuevamente a Honduras a aplicar amnistía migratoria  

Proceso Digital, 27 de junio de 2022

“La Organización de Naciones Unidas (ONU) urgió este lunes nuevamente al gobierno de Honduras a sancionar la ley de amnistía migratoria y beneficiar a los migrantes que quedan varados en el país centroamericano por no poder pagar la sanción administrativa que impone el Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM)”.

Guatemala court blocks anti-corruption agreement

Sonia Pérez D., The Washington Post, June 25, 2022

“A Guatemalan court has tossed out an agreement that made it easier to prosecute bribery involving the Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht — a ruling that favors a former cabinet official accused of corruption.”

US pressures El Salvador to extradite wanted MS-13 leaders

Nelson Renteria and Brendan O’Boyle, Reuters, June 24, 2022

“The U.S. State Department on Friday asked authorities in El Salvador to ‘immediately’ extradite leaders of the international criminal gang MS-13 to be put on trial in the United States.”

Ministerio Público es negligente con casos de violencia sexual y asesinatos de mujeres

Viena Hernández, Criterio.hn, 23 de junio de 2022

“Las mujeres y las niñas son diariamente víctimas de diferentes tipos de violencias sexuales, algunas sobreviven y otras son asesinadas, los registros sobre estos casos se manejan de manera negligente por parte del Ministerio Público y otras entidades, dificultando una vez más a la justicia y la forma correcta de establecer está información para la realización de estudios”.

Más de cinco mil familias maya-chortí incomunicadas por daños a infraestructura

Proceso Digital, 23 de junio de 2022

“Las lluvias de los últimos días han provocado daños considerables a la infraestructura en el occidente de Honduras, lo que mantiene incomunicadas a cinco mil familias de la etnia maya-chortí”.

No One is Safe in Bukele’s Gang War

Jorge E. Cuéllar, NACLA, June 23, 2022

“Now in its third month, El Salvador’s state of exception rolls on with no end in sight. The protracted emergency, which has thrown all constitutional guarantees aside, began after the gangs—MS-13 and Barrio 18—unleashed a homicide wave at the end of March that left 87 people dead in the quick span of 72 hours. The government responded with a forceful crackdown that has since detained more than 40,000 Salvadorans, the vast majority of whom have little to do with gang activity. According to the human rights group Cristosal, at least 18 people have been killed in custody.”

Entre 2014 a 2022 han deportado 96 mil niñas, niños y adolescentes de Honduras

Viena Hernández, Criterio.hn, 23 de junio de 2022

“Del 2014 a la fecha deportaron cerca de 96 mil niñas, niños y adolescentes, mientras que tan solo en 2022 han sido retornados 8,121. Estos infantes ya sufrieron o estuvieron expuestos a todo tipo de peligros, y continuarán así debido al constante deseo de emprender un viaje a su suerte por la ruta migratoria, pues en Honduras no ven la forma de tener mejores oportunidades y ayudar a su familia”.

THE CASH BEFORE THE KILLING- Newly Released Documents Reveal International Funding Trail Preceding the Murder of Berta Cáceres

Jared Olson, The Intercept, June 23, 2022

“Two days before Berta Cáceres was killed in Honduras, a bank in the Netherlands released just over $1.7 million to a concrete company through an offshore account. Two years earlier, the Dutch-state-owned bank FMO had signed on to finance the controversial Honduran Agua Zarca dam project. Led by a company called Desarrollos Energéticos Sociedad Anónima, or DESA, the dam was the joint effort of David Castillo and Daniel Atala Midence, the company’s respective CEO and CFO. Cáceres, a renowned environmental activist and leader in the Indigenous Lenca community, was the driving force behind the protests against it.”

La fobia a la comunidad LGBTQ+ muestra una cara de violencia en la migración 

Raúl Caporal, The Washington Post, 22 de junio de 2022

“Fernando es un chico gay venezolano que salió de su país por las constantes amenazas del crimen organizado hacia su lugar de trabajo: una discoteca LGBTQ+. En su migrar tuvo que enfrentarse a cambios de clima drásticos y ver cómo otras personas morían en el camino. Isabel, una mujer trans hondureña fue abusada sexualmente por autoridades de su país y está amenazada de muerte; huyó a México y se resguardó en Tapachula, Chiapas, donde se ha disparado la concentración de migrantes pertenecientes a la comunidad LGBTQ+”.

Migrantes en tránsito por Honduras siguen pagando multas porque amnistía no se ha sancionado 

Criterio.hn, 17 de junio de 2022

“Los migrantes en tránsito por Honduras siguen pagando multas porque la amnistía aprobada en el Congreso Nacional en mayo pasado aún no ha sido sancionada por la presidenta Xiomara Castro”.

ACTIONS, ALERTS, AND RESOURCES 

Weekly U.S.-Mexico Border Update: Migrant death toll, Remain in Mexico, Paroles and caravan arrivals, security in Mexico 

Adam Isacson, Washington Office on Latin America, June 24, 2022

“With this series of weekly updates, WOLA seeks to cover the most important developments at the U.S.-Mexico border.”

La Situación De Derechos Humanos En Honduras

Eimhin O’Reilly y otros, Peace Brigades International, Mayo 2022

“En la semana anterior de las elecciones, Brigadas Internacionales de Paz (PBI) Honduras facilitó dos espacios de intercambio en San Pedro Sula y Tegucigalpa con ocho organizaciones defensoras de derechos humanos de diferentes partes del país. Teniendo en cuenta la historia reciente de Honduras, aprovechamos estos espacios para discutir mecanismos de monitoreo y protocolos de seguridad durante el contexto electoral así como retos y pendientes que tendría el gobierno entrante”.


* The Migration News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.

P.S. Do you know of someone who might be interested in receiving the Migration News Brief? Tell them to email ysanchezesparza@lawg.org.