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Migration News Brief for June 13, 2022

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Welcome to LAWG’s Migration News Brief, a compilation of recent top articles and reports related to issues of U.S. immigration and enforcement policy and migration from Central America and Mexico.

SPOTLIGHT

WelcomeWithDignity Responds to Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection from the Summit of the Americas
WelcomeWithDignity, June 10, 2022
“The Ninth Summit of the Americas concluded today with the announcement of the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection and a series of commitments from U.S. and regional governments to promote safe, humane, and orderly migration in our region. Members of the #WelcomeWithDignity campaign welcome efforts to respect the rights of migrants and asylum seekers, reunify migrant families, and uphold the right to seek protection. Across the region, xenophobia and racism (including anti-Black and anti-indigenous racism) have fueled  increasingly draconian migration policies that abrogate human rights obligations and cause death and suffering. The #WelcomeWithDignity campaign remains committed to working with partners in the United States and the region to affirm the human right to seek safety and build an asylum system that honors the dignity of all.”

U.S. ENFORCEMENT

US Accelerated Expulsions of Haitian Migrants in May
Eileen Sullivan, The New York Times, June 11, 2022
“The Biden administration expelled nearly 4,000 Haitians on 36 deportation flights in May — a significant increase over the previous three months — after renegotiating agreements with the island nation, which has been crippled by gang violence and an expanding humanitarian crisis.”

Immigrants defend AMLO and pressure Biden on immigration policy at Summit of the Americas in L.A.
Soudi Jiménez, Los Angeles Times, June 10, 2022
“‘President AMLO, here are your people!’ a cluster of Mexican immigrants shouted. ‘We love you, AMLO,’ one poster declared. In fact, Mexico’s populist president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, universally known as AMLO, had not, and will not, set foot in Los Angeles this week. He is boycotting the Summit of the Americas, a cause of no small aggravation to the Biden administration leading up to the five-day gathering of Latin American heads of state that wraps up on Friday.”

Statement from Congressman Castro on the Los Angeles Declaration of Migration and Protection
Office of Joaquin Castro, June 10, 2022
“The United States and our neighbors in the Western Hemisphere face shared migration challenges that deserve a unified and consistent response that respects the fundamental rights of migrants,” said Congressman Castro. “While this agreement is a good start, I believe it could have done more, including on securing protections for migrant families and children as I have pushed for. As the United States calls on our neighbors to do their part in managing this Hemispheric challenge, we must also lead by example by providing a pathway to citizenship for essential workers, expanding Temporary Protected Status for Hondurans, Guatemalans, Salvadorans, and Nicaraguans in the United States, and complying with international law by ending Title 42.”

Fact Sheet: The Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection US Government and Foreign Partner Deliverables
The White House, June 10, 2022
“Today, President Biden joins leaders from across the Western Hemisphere to present the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection at the Summit of the Americas. The Declaration seeks to mobilize the entire region around bold actions that will transform our approach to managing migration in the Americas. The Declaration is organized around four key pillars: (1) stability and assistance for communities; (2) expansion of legal pathways; (3) humane migration management; and (4) coordinated emergency response. In preparation for the Summit, the United States and other countries in the region developed a suite of bold new migration-related deliverables.”

Supreme Court limits excessive force claims against Border Patrol agents
Tierney Sneed and Ariana de Vogue, CNN, June 8, 2022
“The Supreme Court said Wednesday that a Border Patrol agent in Washington state cannot be personally sued in federal court for damages after a private citizen brought claims of illegal retaliation and excessive force. The decision continues a recent trend of the high court cutting back on the ability of individuals to sue law enforcement officers who violate their constitutional rights when there is no specific law authorizing such a claim to go forward.”

US officials under Trump slowed family reunifications, migrant lawyers say
Maria Sacchetti, The Washington Post, June 8, 2022
“Weeks into the Trump administration’s family-separation policy, immigration officials fired off emails saying something was awry. The children were being reunited too quickly with their parents, an official wrote on a Friday night in late May 2018.”

Advocacy groups call on Biden to make migration commitments at Summit of the Americas
Rafael Bernal, The Hill, June 7, 2022
“More than 100 civil society groups called on the Biden administration to make a series of commitments on migration policy beyond any multilateral deal reached at the Summit of the Americas. The hemispheric summit is expected to yield at least one major migration agreement, the Los Angeles Declaration on Migration and Protection, which will include commitments by the U.S., Canada and Spain to improve their refugee programs.”

Harris’ tough task addressing migration to the southern border not getting any easier one year later
Jasmine Wright and Priscilla Alvarez, CNN, June 6, 2022
“Vice President Kamala Harris made a late May call to Honduras’ President Xiomara Castro with a subtle nudge that would neatly encapsulate her fraught task of addressing the root causes of migration to the southern border. From her West Wing office, she received an update on the Central American leader’s progress to combat corruption, a source familiar with planning told CNN. And in return, Harris relayed a succinct message: The United States would welcome Castro’s participation at the high-profile Summit of the Americas that President Joe Biden will host this week in Los Angeles.”

Hondureños vuelven a las calles de Washington para pedir un nuevo TPS
Proceso Digital, 5 de junio de 2022
“Cientos de hondureños regresan a las calles de Washington este lunes en la quinta mega marcha para solicitar un nuevo Estatus de Protección Temporal (TPS) que conceda el beneficio migratorio a los connacionales afectados por los huracanes Eta e Iota”.

US to allow more flight routes to Cuba in latest restriction lift
Al Jazeera, June 2, 2022
“The administration of United States President Joe Biden has allowed more flight routes from the US to Cuba, lifting restrictions put in place under former President Donald Trump. The restrictions lifted on Wednesday by the US Transportation Department removed a ban on US airlines and chartered flights flying to major cities outside of Havana, including Camaguey, Cayo Coco, Cayo Largo, Cienfuegos, Manzanillo, Matanzas and Santiago de Cuba.”

The Biden administration’s unfulfilled promise of humane border policies
Juliana E Morris, The Lancet, May 28, 2022
“Under Donald Trump’s Migrant Protection Protocols (MPPs)—colloquially known as Remain in Mexico—over 70 000 non-Mexican asylum seekers, mostly from central America, were forced to await their asylum hearings in often dangerous border towns in Mexico. After being shunted to Tijuana, Mexico, a father of two was brutally killed there—one of 1544 MPP victims known to have been murdered, raped, tortured, or kidnapped; 84% of asylum seekers ejected from the USA under the MPPs have developed post-traumatic stress disorder, their ordeal at the border compounding trauma experienced in their home countries.”

How Asylum Seekers Cross the Border
Kirsten Luce and Eileen Sullivan, The New York Times
“The southern border is seeing a historic spike in migrant crossings. A New York Times photographer documented three ways that people cross the border into the United States.”

MEXICAN ENFORCEMENT

INM disuelve caravana de miles de migrantes que buscaban llegar a Estados Unidos 
Aristegui Noticias, 11 de junio de 2022
“Autoridades mexicanas disolvieron una caravana de casi 7 mil migrantes que buscaban llegar a Estados Unidos, informó este sábado Instituto Nacional de Migración (INM), un día después de que líderes del continente acordaron un plan para hacer frente a la crisis migratoria de la región”.

Mexico: Asylum Seekers Face Abuses at Southern Border
Human Rights Watch, June 6, 2022
“Migrants and asylum seekers who enter Mexico through its southern border face abuses and struggle to obtain protection or legal status as a result of policies aimed at preventing them from reaching the US, Human Rights Watch said today. As leaders meet in Los Angeles for the Summit of the Americas, they should commit to ending abusive anti-immigration policies and to ensuring people seeking protection are received humanely in the US, Mexico, and elsewhere.”

México intercepta a 89 % más migrantes en el primer trimestre de 2022
EFE, 4 de junio de 2022
“El Gobierno mexicano interceptó a 77.626 migrantes de enero a marzo de 2022, un aumento interanual del 89,3 % frente al mismo trimestre del año pasado, según se indica en el informe “Estadísticas migratorias. Síntesis 2022”, publicado hoy. Los ‘extranjeros presentados o canalizados por la autoridad migratoria’ de los primeros tres meses de 2022 son casi el doble de los 41.005 del mismo periodo de 2021, detalló el informe de la Unidad de Política Migratoria de la Secretaría mexicana de Gobernación (Segob)”.

México autoriza que miles de migrantes avancen desde la frontera sur
EFE, 1 de junio de 2022
“El Gobierno mexicano autorizó este miércoles la salida masiva de hasta 11.000 migrantes que están varados desde hace dos meses en Tapachula, en la frontera sur del país, a la espera de continuar su camino para cruzar a Estados Unidos. El operativo está listo para que en cualquier momento las autoridades puedan llevarse a los migrantes a otros diez estados de México para que puedan realizar sus tramites migratorios y obtener un visado con validez de un año”.

ROOT CAUSES

Cumbre de las Américas: Líderes de 20 países comprometidos a proteger la seguridad y la dignidad de todos los migrantes
Pasos de Animal Grande, 11 de junio de 2022
“En el marco de la Novena Cumbre de las Américas, celebrado en Los Ángeles, lideres de 20 países han firmado una declaración donde reiteran la voluntad de fortalecer los esfuerzos nacionales, regionales y hemisféricos a fin de crear las condiciones para una migración segura, ordenada, humana y regular, así como fortalecer los marcos necesarios para la protección y cooperación internacional”.

Remesas suben un 20.1% en Honduras en los primeros cinco meses de 2022
Vanessa, ConfidencialHN, 9 de junio de 2022
“Honduras sumó entre enero y mayo de 2022 un total de 3,440.8 millones de dólares en remesas, lo que supone un 20.1 % más respecto al mismo período de 2021, informó este jueves el Banco Central del país centroamericano (BCH)”.

Deportaciones al norte de Centroamérica suman 69,188, un 107 % más que 2021
Proceso Digital, 9 de junio de 2022
“Las deportaciones al Triángulo Norte de Centroamérica llegaron a 69,188 en el primer cuatrimestre del 2022, un 107.8 % más que las registradas en el mismo lapso de 2021, según cifras de la Organización Internacional para las Migraciones (OIM) consultadas este jueves por Efe”.

FACT SHEET: Vice President Harris Announces More Than $1.9 Billion in New Private Sector Commitments as Part of Call to Action for Northern Central America
The White House, June 7, 2022
“Vice President Kamala Harris today announced more than $1.9 billion in new private sector commitments to create economic opportunity in northern Central America, more than doubling the value of initial private sector investments in response to her Call to Action.  As part of her role addressing the root causes of migration from Central America, in May 2021, the Vice President launched the Call to Action for businesses and social enterprises to make significant commitments to promote economic opportunity for people in the region. This is in support for the U.S. Strategy to Address the Root Causes of Migration which the Vice President launched in July 2021. A summary of progress in implementation of the Root Causes Strategy can be found here.”

Tackling migration, Harris backs investment in Latin America
Amy Taxin, Chris Megerian, and Joshua Goodman, Associated Press News, June 7, 2022
“Vice President Kamala Harris said Tuesday that the Biden administration’s work to attract investment to Central America, part of the U.S. effort to reduce migration, has generated $3.2 billion in private-sector commitments.”

Faith groups call on US to pressure Guatemala on democracy, human rights
John Lavenburg, Crux, June 7, 2022
“Coinciding with this year’s Summit of the Americas, exiled Guatemalan justice officials and migration leaders are sounding the alarm on the nation’s continued corruption, and calling on the Biden administration to send a clear message that it won’t be tolerated.”

Más de 700 mil menores están excluidos de educación en Honduras
Joel Perdomo, Proceso Digital, 7 de junio de 2022
“Honduras afronta serios desafíos en su sistema educativo y ello se ve reflejado en que más de 700 mil menores se encuentran fuera del mismo y la mitad de los niños que comienzan la primaria no llegan al noveno año”.

Ausencia de presidenta Castro en Cumbre no interfiere en relación con Honduras: Casa Blanca
Marcia Perdomo, Criterio.hn, 7 de junio de 2022
“Al tiempo que la campaña mediática contra la presidenta Xiomara Castro por su no asistencia a la Cumbre de las Américas continúa causando revuelo en Honduras, desde la Casa Blanca se expone que las buenas relaciones continuarán y que es su ‘derecho soberano’”.

Guatemala registra diez departamentos en emergencia alimentaria
Telesur, 6 de junio de 2022
“Guatemala se ubica como el segundo país de América Latina y el Caribe con mayor inseguridad alimentaria, trascendió este lunes a tenor de un informe publicado por la Red Mundial sobre las Crisis Alimentarias. El texto refiere que de los 22 departamentos que conforman la nación guatemalteca, diez viven bajo un escenario de emergencia, y 12 se clasifican en situación de estrés, incluida el área metropolitana”.

Acnur inaugura oficina en el sur de Honduras para apoyar a los inmigrantes
Vanessa, ConfidencialHN, 3 de junio de 2022
“La Agencia de las Naciones Unidas para los Refugiados (Acnur) inauguró este viernes su nueva oficina en Choluteca, región sur de Honduras, para fortalecer el acceso a inmigrantes que llegan a esa región del país centroamericano, con la intención de seguir en ruta hacia los Estados Unidos.”

Niñez migrante no ve un futuro alentador en Honduras
Viena Hernández, Criterio.hn, 3 de junio de 2022
“La migración jamás podrá detenerse, señalan analistas y especialistas en el tema y además parece no haber voluntad para contrarrestarla, y mientras tanto aumentan las cantidades de personas que continúan abandonado Honduras, exponiéndose a violaciones de derechos humanos”.

América sufre su mayor crisis migratoria a causa de la violencia y la pobreza
EFE, 3 de junio de 2022
“América vive una de sus mayores crisis migratorias con cientos de miles de transeúntes intentando llegar a EE.UU. para lograr el «sueño americano», cada vez más difícil por las constantes deportaciones y el peligro de las fronteras, especialmente las de México y la de Panamá con Colombia”.

La resiliencia, clave contra acoso online de mujeres periodistas en Honduras
EFE, 2 de junio de 2022
“Expertos destacaron este jueves en Honduras la importancia de fortalecer en las mujeres periodistas la resiliencia, es decir, la capacidad de superar circunstancias traumáticas, frente al acoso al que son sometidas en redes sociales, una violencia poco visible que causa problemas psicológicos”.

Beyond the U.S.-Mexico Border: Migration Trends in the Americas, Explained
Lizabelt Avila and Maureen Meyer, Washington Office on Latin America, May 26, 2022
“The United States will host and chair the ninth Summit of the Americas the week of June 6, 2022, in Los Angeles, California. The Summit will focus on “Building a Sustainable, Resilient, and Equitable Future” and while migration is not an announced theme, it is expected to be a central topic of discussion. In the lead up to the Summit, the Biden administration has been negotiating bilateral arrangements on migration and protection with individual governments in the region, and plans to sign a hemispheric declaration on this issue during the Summit.”

100 días del Gobierno de Castro, ¿hacia dónde avanzan las acciones en materia de derechos humanos?
Centro de Estudio para la Democracia, 25 de mayo de 2022
“El 7 de mayo del 2022, el Gobierno de la presidenta Xiomara Castro cumplió 100 días al frente de la gestión pública del Estado de Honduras. A más de tres meses de su ascenso al poder, es importante hacer una lectura de hacia dónde avanza en materia de reivindicación y respeto a derechos humanos. Por eso, este informe indaga, en el primer apartado, el estado de las 30 propuestas de los primeros 100 días de Gobierno[1], desde la perspectiva de los Derechos Económicos, Sociales, Culturales y Ambientales (DESCA). En el segundo apartado se identifican las posibles tendencias de la política de derechos humanos de la actual gestión gubernamental. Y, en tercer y último apartado, a manera de recomendaciones, se puntualizan los principales retos del Gobierno, para avanzar en la implementación de políticas sociales desde la perspectiva de los DESCA”.

ACTION, ALERTS, AND RESOURCES

From Deterrence To Integration: Civil Society Voices On Migration Policy In The Americas
Human Rights Watch, June 10, 2022
A video recording of  “From Deterrence To Integration: Civil Society Voices On Migration Policy Challenges and Good Practices In The Americas.”

Weekly US-Mexico Border Update: Summit of the Americas, Migrant Caravan, Family Separations, Border Patrol Lawsuits
Adam Isacson, Washington Office on Latin America, June 10, 2022
“With this series of weekly updates, WOLA seeks to cover the most important developments at the U.S.-Mexico border.”

Visa Regimes: A Threat to Migrants’ Access to Safety and Asylum
Women’s Refugee Commission, June 8, 2022
“In this explainer, the Women’s Refugee Commission describes the US strategy of visa regimes; some of the regimes that have been put in place so far; the heightened risk of danger migrants in the Americas face with visa regimes in place; and how migrants’ ability to access protection may be jeopardized by these migration control measures. WRC recommends that the United States and countries in the region develop protection-centered solutions, instead of enforcement-based strategies, to address migration.”

Observaciones a las recomendaciones emitidas por la CIDH en el Informe sobre Migración forzada de personas nicaragüenses a Costa Rica
CEJIL, 8 de junio de 2022
“El Centro por la Justicia y el Derecho Internacional (CEJIL) junto al Colectivo de Derechos Humanos Nicaragua Nunca +, Centro de Derechos Sociales de la persona migrante CENDEROS, Centro de investigación en Cultura y Desarrollo (CICDE) se complacen en compartirles el informe Observaciones a las recomendaciones emitidas por la CIDH en el Informe sobre Migración forzada de personas nicaragüenses a Costa Rica. Este informe fue desarrollado con el fin de abonar a la supervisión realizada por la Comisión de este flujo migratorio”.

ICE Air Flights May 2022
Thomas H Cartwright, Witness at the Border, June 5, 2022
“Record month: 806 total ice air flights was the highest since at least January 2020, and above the prior high month of September 2021 at 769. Record lateral flights of 85 were a key driver.”

Climate Adaptation in the Northern Triangle: How the United States Can Foster Locally Led and Sustainable Change 
Nate Graham, MK Vereen, and Allison Woolverton, The Dialogue, June 3, 2022
“The countries of Central America’s ‘Northern Triangle’ — El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras — are already suffering from the effects of climate change, facing droughts and floods that threaten food and water security and catastrophic storms that jeopardize safety, health, and livelihoods. These impacts exacerbate a host of other factors driving mass migration within and from the region, including to the United States. More than two million people are estimated to have left El Salvador, Guatemala, and Honduras since 2014, many fleeing violence and economic hardship, and climate change increases vulnerability to these issues while amplifying the consequences of systemic issues such as a lack of education and employment opportunities, poor water management, and inequality and marginalization. These factors in turn hamper the ability of Northern Triangle countries and communities to adapt to climate change.”

Struggling to Survive: Plight of Asylum Seekers at Mexico’s Southern Border Highlights Need for Regional Action
Stephanie Brewer and Maureen Meyer, Washington Office on Latin America, June 2, 2022
“Seeking asylum is never an easy process. Families, children, and adults forced to flee their homes experience the trauma of violence or other life-threatening circumstances at their place of origin, the rupture of leaving their past lives behind, and the uncertainty of where and how to find refuge. But in recent years, this already difficult path has become increasingly fraught with obstacles for the rising population of protection-seeking people arriving at Mexico’s southern border, the majority of whom make their asylum claims in the city of Tapachula, Chiapas.”

  • The Migration News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.

P.S. Do you know of someone who might be interested in receiving the Migration News Brief? Tell them to email ysanchezesparza@lawg.org.