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Migration News Brief for November 5, 2021

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A compilation of recent top articles and reports related to issues of U.S. immigration and enforcement policy and migration from Central America and Mexico (articles in English and Spanish). Please feel free to send us recommendations or requests for upcoming news briefs: lalvarez@lawg.org.

Spotlight

South of Del Rio: The Shelters Welcoming Haitians in Mexico City 
Daniella Burgi-Palomino, LAWG, November 3, 2021
“Casa Tochan, like the other two migrant shelters that exist in Mexico City, has been well over capacity in recent weeks. Tochan is a shelter just for male migrants with only 30 beds. When I was there in mid-October the shelter had 40 migrants staying, over half Haitian, and the rest a mix of Central American and other migrants. At one point at the end of September they fit 76 migrants –on their floors, kitchen, closets, anywhere they could fit a mattress.”

U.S. Enforcement 

How Biden’s border plans went from hopeful to chaotic 
Elliot Spagat and Valerie Gonzalez, AP News, November 4, 2021
“For about four months before President Joe Biden took office, advisers engaged in intense internal debate about how quickly they should undo his predecessor’s hardline border policies. The answer, almost always, was that Donald Trump’s mark couldn’t be erased soon enough. Immigration advocates on the transition team defiantly shot down a detailed memo circulated among top aides that called for turning back some migrants who cross illegally by making them seek protection in other countries.” 

Biden appointees divided on use of Trump-era Title 42 immigration policy
Camilo Montoya-Galvez, CBS News, November 2, 2021
“Some administration officials “don’t want to see folks ever removed,” another Biden appointee said. “That’s not where President Biden is. That’s not where the mainstream Democratic Party is.” The disagreements between some of President’s Biden appointees who have pushed for tougher enforcement, including increased deportations, and others who support expanding access to the asylum system have hindered the administration’s policy objectives, the people involved in the discussions said.”

Biden Is Replaying a Forgotten U.S. Atrocity Against Haitian Refugees
Jeffrey S. Khan, Slate, November 2, 2021
“In spite of the change in administrations this past January, hardline immigration officials have continued to weaponize fears about COVID-19 as cover for the near-complete dismantling of asylum protections along the southern U.S. border. Haitians have become the public face of this program in recent months after the Department of Homeland Security sent thousands of them back to Haiti’s violence-torn capital, Port-au-Prince, without so much as an interview to determine if they might face persecution on their return.”

On ‘Remain in Mexico’ and Leaving the Biden Administration: An Audio Interview with Stephanie Leutert 
Melissa del Bosque, The Border Chronicle, November 2, 2021
“Until July, Stephanie Leutert served in the Biden administration as a senior adviser for migration policy at the U.S. Department of State’s Bureau of Population, Refugees, and Migration. Leutert moved to Washington, DC, with the idea of helping end some of the worst, inhumane immigration policies implemented by the Trump administration, including the Migrant Protection Protocols program, often referred to as “Remain in Mexico.”

Biden is replaying a forgotten US atrocity against Haitian refugees. 
Jeffrey S. Kahn, Slate, November 2, 2021
“In spite of the change in administrations this past January, hardline immigration officials have continued to weaponize fears about COVID-19 as cover for the near-complete dismantling of asylum protections along the southern U.S. border. Haitians have become the public face of this program in recent months after the Department of Homeland Security sent thousands of them back to Haiti’s violence-torn capital, Port-au-Prince, without so much as an interview to determine if they might face persecution on their return.”

Biden is pushing to end “Remain in Mexico.” But he may still have to enforce it. 
Ellen Ioanes, Vox, October 31, 2021
“On Friday, the Department of Homeland Security issued a new memo terminating the Migrant Protection Protocol, a Trump-era directive requiring migrants to wait in Mexico for US immigration court hearings. It’s President Joe Biden’s second attempt to end the policy after a previous effort was blocked in federal court.”

One dead, dozens detained after group of migrants tries to swim around U.S.-Mexico border fence
Paulina Villegas, The Washington Post, October 31, 2021
“A woman died, and 36 people were detained after they tried to swim around a metal border fence that stretches into the Pacific Ocean and separates Mexico and the United States, authorities said Saturday. The woman was part of a group of about 70 migrants attempting to enter the United States late Friday night by swimming from Tijuana, Mexico, around the border barrier and into San Diego, Customs and Border Protection said in a statement.” 

Biden Immigration Enforcement Priorities Emphasize a Multi-Dimensional View of Migrants 
Muzaffar Chishti and Randy Capps, Migration Policy, October 31, 2021
“The civil enforcement guidelines announced in September, which go into effect on November 29, build on the Obama and interim Biden priorities but leverage a new conceptualization of prosecutorial discretion. Those earlier priorities continued the categorical approach, whereby immigration status, criminal history, and time spent in the United States were the primary factors for making enforcement decisions. However, the noncitizen’s U.S. criminal history was often the sole driver of action.”

Immigration cruelty isn’t just along the border 
Josue de Luna Navarro, Santa Fe New Mexico, October 31, 2021
“Images of Border Patrol officers on horseback whipping Black migrants shocked many Americans. President joe Biden called them “outrageous” and “wrong” and promised an investigation. Many members of Congress also spoke out. Given this reaction, you could be forgiven for thinking that abuse like this isn’t normal for Customs and U.S. Customs and Border Protection or U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement. But those of us who live in border states can tell you: It is.”

Record 557 migrant deaths tallied on US-Mexico border in 2021 fiscal year 
Geneva Sands, CNN, October 29, 2021
“There were 557 Southwest border deaths during the fiscal year, which ended September 30. That’s up from 254 deaths in fiscal year 2020 and 300 deaths in 2019, marking a significant increase amid a 30-record year for border crossings. The agency data on deaths dates to 1998. A majority of migrant border deaths have been related to heat exposure, according to the agency. Migrants often face dangerous terrain and can get lost as they try to make their way to the US.”

US to pay close to $1m to families separated at border: Report  
Al Jazeera, October 29, 2021
“The Biden administration has also been facing growing criticism from immigration advocates who say he has not done enough to reverse Trump’s legacy. Despite criticising the zero tolerance policy as “unjust”, the Biden administration continues to rely on Title 42, another Trump-era policy that allows for the immediate deportation of asylum seekers at the border, without the chance to apply. The rule cites the need to protect the country from the further spread of the coronavirus.”

The Border Isn’t Open. Just 1 in 3 People at the Border Last Year Could Access the Asylum Process. 
Aaron Reichlin-Melnick, Immigration Impact, October 26, 2021
“The Department of Homeland Security (DHS) published new data last week showing that over the past 12 months, the Border Patrol has carried out nearly 1.7 million apprehensions at the southern border—a record. Opponents of President Biden quickly jumped on the news to renew claims that the border is somehow open. But focusing only on that one number masks a fundamental truth: border security is tighter today than it was just two years ago under President Trump.”

Mexican Enforcement

Migrant caravan delayed in Mexico by shooting and suspected Dengue fever outbreak Anna Giaritelli, The Denver Gazette, November 3, 2021
“Between 2,000 and 3,000 migrants departed the Guatemala-Mexico border headed north on foot nearly two weeks ago. The group was walking through the Mexican state of Chiapas on its way to Mexico City, 800 miles away, but was blocked from continuing out of Chiapas by the Mexican military, as well as a mosquito-borne illness that has led to hospitalizations of children in the group, according to the Mexican government’s National Institute of Migration.”

Mexico’s National Guard kills Cuban migrant, wounds four others as caravan advances
Reuters, November 2, 2021
“A Cuban migrant was shot dead by the Mexican National Guard and four others were wounded after the vehicle they were in did not stop when ordered to do so, Mexican authorities said on Tuesday. The shooting occurred early on Sunday in the southern state of Chiapas, in an area where a caravan of migrants was heading towards the U.S. border. About 3,000 people set off on foot last month from the city of Tapachula on the Guatemalan border. Many have rejected visas offered by Mexico, saying they distrust the authorities.”

Haití y Honduras lideran peticiones de asilo en México este 2021 
Proceso Digital, 2 de noviembre de 2021
“El Gobierno mexicano recibió de enero a octubre 108.195 peticiones de migrantes que buscan refugio, un número récord que supera a cualquier periodo similar o año completo, informó este martes la Comisión Mexicana de Ayuda a Refugiados (Comar). La cifra es más de tres veces la del mismo periodo de 2020, cuando hubo 31.995 peticiones en el punto más álgido de la pandemia, pero también es poco más de 73 % mayor que las cerca de 62.400 solicitudes de los primeros 10 meses de 2019”. 

Mexico’s Elite Marines Got US Training While Accused of Disappearing People 
Emily Green, Vice, November 1, 2021
“Almost two dozen elite Mexican marines received training from the United States before—and in some cases after—they were accused of kidnapping civilians who were never seen again, according to documents and people familiar with the case. The connection, which VICE World News is reporting for the first time, raises new questions about U.S. oversight of the hundreds of millions of dollars it invests in helping Mexican security forces fight the drug war.”

Confía Ebrard en apoyo de Biden para Centroamérica – Luces del Siglo
Oscar Uscanga, Luces del Siglo, 1 de noviembre de 2021
“El gobierno de Estados Unidos está a la espera de la aprobación de su presupuesto para determinar cuánto aportará a programas de Honduras, El Salvador y Guatemala para disminuir la migración, aseguró ayer Marcelo Ebrard, secretario de Relaciones Exteriores. El propio gobierno estadounidense, dijo, planteó a México su compromiso para impulsar programas de reforestación, aprender oficios y dar empleo en Centroamérica”. 

Mexico To Grant Humanitarian Visas To Children, Pregnant Women 
Aden Choate, The Organization for World Peace, October 31, 2021
“In a move distinguished from recent action toward individuals in transit, Mexico announced on Thursday that it would grant humanitarian visas to pregnant women and children, part of the most recent group traveling from Central America and the Caribbean through Mexico. These visas will last a year and enable access to healthcare, work authorization and other public services during the lengthy asylum process in Mexico City and further north, near the U.S. border.”

México: Encuentran muerto a niño haitiano desaparecido en Chiapas
Al Día Dallas, 29 de octubre de 2021
“En el operativo de búsqueda participaron la Secretaría de Marina, la Secretaría de Seguridad Pública y Protección Ciudadana Municipal, la Fiscalía de Atención a Migrantes y la Policía Especializada.Luego de que se reportara la desaparición, el martes, las autoridades empezaron la búsqueda, incluso con el uso de un dron y buzos de la Secretaría de Marina, dijeron las autoridades. El cuerpo quedó a disposición de la Fiscalía de Atención a Migrantes, y empezarán un proceso de investigación”

Root Causes

‘So many have gone’: storms and drought drive Guatemalans to the US border 
Nina Lakhani, The Guardian, November 1, 2021
“In this parched region, communities rely on rainfall to feed their families, and in 2019 worked together to build water reservoirs high in the mountains in order to better cope with increasingly frequent droughts and unpredictable rains which caused their maize and bean crops to fail. But the following year brought the opposite problem. After years without enough rain, two powerful hurricanes, Eta and Iota, struck within a fortnight of each other, causing flash floods and landslides that left dozens of people trapped in partially collapsed houses.”

Honduras presidential candidate arrested
Marlon Gonzalez, Washington Post, November 4, 2021
“Just weeks before Honduras holds presidential elections, an independent candidate who was one of the first to publicly accuse President Juan Orlando Hernández’s brother of ties to drug trafficking was arrested Thursday on money laundering charges. Santos Rodríguez Orellana, a former army captain, was arrested at the Toncontín airport in Tegucigalpa as he returned from a visit to the Bay Islands. His wife and mother-in-law were also arrested.”

Honduras a las puertas de nueva crisis postelectoral que en materia económica sería 
Criterio.hn, 4 de noviembre de 2021
“Cuando faltan 24 días para la realización de las elecciones generales, la incertidumbre que rodea el proceso electoral  podría generar una nueva crisis postelectoral con mayores repercusiones en materia económica sumado a la problemática causada por la pandemia de la COVID-19 y las repercusiones por la devastación de los fenómenos climáticos Eta e Iota”. 

CNA respalda a Gabriela Castellanos tras denuncias en su contra 
La Prensa, 3 de novimebre de 2021 
“Las denuncias interpuestas contra la titular del Consejo Nacional Anticorrupción (CNA), Gabriela Castellanos, fueron desestimados por la asamblea general de esa institución durante las últimas horas. Las autoridades de ese ente optaron por respaldar a Castellanos después de una reunión de evaluación donde se conoció a plenitud el señalamiento y los detalles alusivos. Los descargos fueron escuchados durante la tarde-noche en Tegucigalpa y el pronunciamiento ha concluido en el respaldo a la directora Castellanos.”

Juan Orlando Hernández, de profesional mafioso a constructor de un narco Estado
Radio Progreso, 1 de noviembre de 2021
“Según fuentes debidamente informadas, una vez que consolidó el control de la institucionalidad del Estado y sus vínculos con el crimen organizado, Juan Orlando Hernández buscaría, ya como presidente de la República, el control absoluto de las redes criminales, sin competidores. Para ello, sirvió de soplón ante la DEA para entregar a varios de los líderes narcos como parte de su plan. Pero cuando más encumbrado estaba, la inteligencia del gobierno de los Estados Unidos le pisaba los talones, porque entregaba información de narcos, pero guardaba riguroso silencio sobre su hermano”.

Auto de apertura a juicio contra policía acusado de femicidio agravado de Keyla Patricia Martínez
Ministerio Publico: Republica de Honduras, 1 de noviembre de 2021
“Parte de las pruebas que los fiscales evacuaron, están: la autopsia legal junto a la exposición del médico que la practicó, autopsia psicológica, declaraciones de testigos, prueba documental y la pericia técnica científica expuesta por los expertos forenses, donde se constata la presencia del acusado en la celda donde estaba recluida la víctima durante unos cinco o seis minutos y luego se mantuvo afuera del recinto de forma sospechosa y sin retornar a su posición de asistente del comandante de la estación policial y encargado de las llaves de las bartolinas y custodia de los detenidos”. 

El Salvador: Legislature Deepens Democratic Backsliding
Human Rights Watch, November 1, 2021
“El Salvador’s legislature has taken drastic steps to undermine judicial independence and limit accountability since President Nayib Bukele’s supporters in the Legislative Assembly took office on May 1, 2021, Human Rights Watch said today. The Assembly has also shelved bills that would have advanced fundamental rights. President Bukele’s supporters in the Assembly have a two-thirds majority, which they have used to pursue an agenda backed by Bukele that has nearly eliminated checks on his power. They have packed the Supreme Court, replaced the attorney general, and passed laws dismissing hundreds of lower-level judges and prosecutors.”

Las elecciones son oportunidad entre los enormes desafíos de Honduras
Radio Progreso, 1 de noviembre de 2021
“El sacerdote jesuita Ismael Moreno, Director del Equipo de Reflexión, Investigación y Comunicación, Eric-sj y Radio Progreso, asegura que las elecciones del próximo 28 de noviembre representan una oportunidad y un gran desafío para el país. “… son una oportunidad pero es una oportunidad en el marco de enormes desafíos que se presentan en una Honduras, en donde las cosas muy poco cambiaron desde 2017 y general a lo largo de los últimos 12 años”, manifestó Moreno”. 

Second journalist killed within a week in Mexico 
Lizbeth Diaz, Yahoo News, November 1, 2021
“A Mexican journalist died from his injuries on Sunday after being shot two days earlier, authorities said, the second reporter to be killed in less than a week in the country. Alfredo Cardoso, a photojournalist from the violent, southwestern state of Guerrero, was gunned down after being abducted from his home on Friday, local media reported. The Guerrero attorney general’s office said in a statement Cardoso had succumbed to his injuries in hospital.”

Bernardo Caal Xol, a Mayan activist in Guatemala, must be released
Duncan Tucker, The Washington Post, November 1, 2021
“Arrested in January 2018, Caal is serving a sentence of seven years and four months for supposedly detaining and robbing four employees of an OXEC subcontractor during a 2015 protest. Guatemala’s Supreme Court rejected his latest appeal in September, but he should never have spent a day behind bars. At Amnesty International, we found irregularities, negligence and a lack of evidence in the case against Caal, and declared him a prisoner of conscience, jailed solely because of his activism.”

Coalición Anticorrupción Condena Hostigamiento Contra Directora Del CNA, Gabriela Castellanos 
Confidencial HN, 31 de octubre de 2021
“A través de un comunicado oficial, la Coalición Anticorrupción, rechaza y condena la estrategia de ataques, descalificación y criminalización que los grupos de poder vinculados a redes de corrupción, han intensificado en contra de organizaciones ciudadanas y liderazgos que luchan contra la corrupción, defienden los recursos naturales, el territorio o los derechos de los pueblos originarios”. 

Biden esperará aprobación de plan presupuestal de EU para definir ayuda a Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador: Ebrard 
LatinUS, 31 de octubre de 2021
“El secretario de Relaciones Exteriores, Marcelo Ebrard, aseguró este domingo que Estados Unidos está esperando la aprobación del plan presupuestal del presidente Joe Biden para definir el monto de inversión en Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador en programas para frenar la migración. “Lo que le hemos propuesto a Estados Unidos es una inversión, se hizo un plan ya muy detallado de qué debemos hacer o qué se debe hacer en el corto plazo, principalmente en Guatemala, Honduras y El Salvador con el propósito de que las personas encuentren oportunidades económicas”, dijo en conferencia de prensa”. 

Deforestación, opacidad y clientelismo: las grietas del programa Sembrando Vida 
David Marcial Perez, El País, 31 de octubre de 2021
“López Obrador lleva desde el principio de este año intentando involucrar a EE UU en una extensión del programa del sur de México a Centroamérica, bajo la lógica de que al generar empleo agrícola en las zonas más desatendidas y marginadas se mitigarán las causas de la migración. La primera oferta, rechazada desde Washington, llegó en vísperas de la Cumbre de líderes por el clima celebrada en primavera”. 

La narcoactividad y violencia política: la tendencia en la cuenta regresiva de las elecciones generals
Centro de Estudio para la Democracia, 31 de octubre de 2021
“Cuando quedan menos de 40 días para que se realicen las elecciones generales 2021 en Honduras, dos elementos marcan fuertemente el contexto electoral durante el mes de octubre:  los casos de candidatos a cargos de elección popular y otros que son funcionarios públicos, denunciados y/o arrestados por estar vinculados con la narcoactividad y el lavado de activos. Y, por otro lado, los casos de violencia política en el país, que van cobrando matices mucho más preocupantes que los acontecidos y registrados meses atrás”. 

Herencia de caudillos: una amenaza para desarrollo democrático en Honduras – Contra Corriente
Contra Corriente, 31 de octubre de 2021
“El tema de las parentelas en la política partidista no es discutido por ninguna de las tres fuerzas mayoritarias en el país actualmente: Partido Nacional (PN), Partido Libertad y Refundación (Libre) y Partido Liberal (PL), partidos en los cuales existen más familiares compitiendo en la carrera electoral para estas próximas elecciones generales el 28 de noviembre. En Honduras no existe una ley que prohiba a personas con lazos sanguíneos o por afinidad postular a cargos de elección popular, salvo algunas excepciones”. 

The big picture: incarcerated gang members in El Salvador 
Tim Adams, The Guardian, October 31, 2021
“The British-based photographer Tariq Zaidi took this picture in Chalatenango prison in El Salvador in 2019. At the time, the prison held 1,637 inmates, all of whom were members of the MS-13 gang that has terrorised the cntry for decades. Zaidi arrived in El Salvador in 2018 and spent eight months negotiating access to the brutal world of MS-13 and its rival, Barrio 18. In the following two years, he visited six maximum security prisons and numerous bloody crime scenes and funeral processions.”

Los desterrados del clima | Clima y Medio Ambiente 
Lorena Arroyo and Jorge Galindo, El País, October 30, 2021
“La Organización Internacional de Migraciones (OIM) estima que más de un millón de personas tuvieron que desplazarse por el impacto de esas dos tormentas. Y hay otros fenómenos más progresivos y menos visibles como las sequías, la subida del nivel del mar o la desertificación de algunas zonas que se están acelerando con el calentamiento global y que también están expulsando a gente de sus comunidades en todo el continente”. 

OACNUDH lamenta resolución del Tribunal de Sentencia de Trujillo que ordena mantener en detención preventiva a los defensores de Guapinol 
OACNUDH, 29 de octubre de 2021
“La Oficina en Honduras del Alto Comisionado de las Naciones Unidas para los Derechos Humanos (OACNUDH) expresa su más seria preocupación por la resolución del Tribunal de Sentencia de Trujillo que ordena mantener la detención preventiva de los ocho defensores de Guapinol, a pesar de la no objeción del Ministerio Público para el otorgamiento de medidas sustitutivas”.

The young Salvadorans seeking a better life… at home 
France 24, 29 de octubre de 2021
“Now 22, she lives with her mother and a sister in Soyapango in the country’s northeast, a populous city under the constant shadow of gangs who terrorize residents. Their small, concrete house with its asbestos roof and sturdy security bars on the doors and windows stands on a narrow, crowded street with dilapidated sidewalks. There are no police to be seen, but gang members lurk everywhere.”  

Actions, Alerts, and Resources

Climate Change in the Northern Triangle
Inter American Dialogue, November 2021
“This policy brief, the first in a series of three publications, describes the main challenges and provides broad recommendations for the US strategy on climate change adaptation in the region. It is based on inputs from the Task Force on Climate Change in the Northern Triangle, which is coordinated by the Inter-American Dialogue. This task force includes a diverse group of representatives from the Northern Triangle, including representatives of environmental organizations, rural, Indigenous and Afrodescendant communities, youth activists, and prominent former government officials and business leaders, as well as technical experts.”

Desde el Colectivo de Observación y Monitoreo de Derechos Humanos en el Sureste Mexicano denunciamos los actos de violencia por parte de elementos de la Guardia Nacional resultando en la muerte de una persona migrante en Pijijiapan, Chiapas 
Colectivo de Observación y Monitoreo de Derechos Humanos en el SE Mexicano, 1 de noviembre de 2021
“De acuerdo con información de diversas fuentes periodísticas, 1234 en la tarde del domingo 31 de octubre agentes de la Guardia Nacional dispararon contra un vehículo particular, resultando en el fallecimiento de un hombre y de otras dos personas lesionadas. Por lo menos 13 personas migrantes, provenientes de Cuba, Ghana y Brasil, iban a bordo del vehículo, que estaba sobre la carretera de terracería ejido Echegaray a Margaritas en el municipio de Pijijiapan cuando ocurrieron los hechos”. 

Investing in Alternatives to Irregular Migration from Central America 
Cristobal Ramon, Migration Policy Institute, November 2021
“Irregular migration from Central America northward has grown steadily since 2014, and with renewed high numbers of arrivals at the U.S.-Mexico border in 2021, it is clear the United States and its regional partners face a long-term challenge to promote orderly and managed migration from the region. Policy responses to irregular migration from Central America need to create additional humanitarian protection pathways for asylum seekers, given many are fleeing violence and persecution. But such responses should also include expanding other opportunities to move legally—options that are currently scarce.”

Temporary Protected Status Is Critical To Tackling the Root Causes of Migration in the Americas 
Silva Mathema and Joel Martinez, Center for American Progress, October 28, 2021
“There is intense pressure for people in Central America to migrate north, with communities threatened by gang violence, food insecurity, political instability, and more frequent and catastrophic natural disasters that are only likely to get worse every year as a result of climate change. Vice President Kamala Harris has been tasked by President Joe Biden to work with El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, and Mexico to address the root causes of migration. While the administration pursues different strategies to bring stability in the region, it should not overlook the power of remittances in improving the lives of people.”

Situación de derechos humanos en El Salvador 
Comisión Interamericana de los Derechos Humanos, 14 de octubre de 2021
“El presente informe aborda la situación de los derechos humanos en El Salvador, tras la visita in loco realizada del 2 al 4 de diciembre de 2019 por la CIDH. En particular, analiza temas relacionados con seguridad ciudadana; la situación de personas privadas de libertad; memoria, verdad, justicia y acceso a la justicia; la situación de los derechos de las mujeres y personas LGBTI; y la situación de personas migrantes, desplazadas y los derechos económicos, sociales, culturales y ambientales (DESCA)”.

1,300+ Medical Professionals from 49 U.S. States and Territories Call on CDC to End “Junk Science” Border Expulsion Policy 
Physicians for Human Rights, October 28, 2021“Enacted by the Trump administration and embraced by President Biden, the Title 42 order purports to protect U.S. public health during the COVID-19 pandemic. The CDC order singles out asylum seekers for immediate expulsion while many other types of travelers continue to enter the country during the pandemic, despite a lack of epidemiological evidence that migrants are responsible for COVID-19 surges in the United States.”

* The Migration News Brief is a selection of relevant news articles, all of which do not necessarily reflect the viewpoint of the Latin America Working Group.

P.S. Do you know of someone who might be interested in receiving the Migrant News Brief? Tell them to email lalvarez@lawg.org